Biology 9th Edition by Peter H Raven -Test Bank

$20.00

Category:

Description

INSTANT DOWNLOAD WITH ANSWERS

Biology 9th Edition by Peter H Raven -Test Bank

Chapter 06 – Test Bank: Energy and Metabolism

 

Chapter 06

Test Bank: Energy and Metabolism

 

Multiple Choice Questions

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Each of the significant properties of a cell (its growth, reproduction, and responsiveness to

its environment) requires ________.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           energy
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           light
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           mitosis
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           movement

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 6.01

Topic: General

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Energy is defined as:
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           heat
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           the capacity to do work
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           change
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           movement

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 6.01

Topic: General

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Free energy is the amount of energy available for the cell to carry out its many chemical

processes. It is the difference between the internal energy or enthalpy and ______ or disorder.

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           free energy
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           entropy
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           chaos
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           heat

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 6.02

Topic: General

 

6-1

 

Chapter 06 – Test Bank: Energy and Metabolism

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The process of influencing the chemical bonds in a way that lowers the __________

needed to speed up a chemical reaction is called catalysis.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           heat energy
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           free energy
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           activation energy
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           enzyme

 

Bloom’s Level: Understand

Figure: 6.05

Section: 6.02

Topic: Chemistry

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Enzymes work most effectively at
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           their optimum pH and temperature conditions
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           all pH and temperature conditions
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           only one temperature and a specific pH

 

Bloom’s Level: Evaluate

Figure: 6.12

Section: 6.04

Topic: General

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Certain key molecules can regulate biochemical pathways by controlling the rates of

enzymatic reactions by binding at _________ sites.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           catalytic
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               enzymatic
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           active
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           allosteric

 

Bloom’s Level: Understand

Figure: 6.13

Section: 6.04

Topic: General

 

6-2

 

Chapter 06 – Test Bank: Energy and Metabolism

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               A series of sequential chemical reactions which are maintained in the cell are called:
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           chemical reactions
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           biochemical pathways
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           energy steps
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           second messenger cascades

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Figure: 6.14

Section: 6.05

Topic: General

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           A chemical reaction which requires energy is called an ________________ reaction.
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           exergonic
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           endergonic
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           explosive
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           heating

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Figure: 6.04

Section: 6.02

Topic: Chemistry

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           A molecule that closely resembles the shape of a substrate for an enzyme might serve as

a(n)

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           an enzyme
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           allosteric modulator
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           competitive inhibitor
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           pathway blocker

 

Bloom’s Level: Analyze

Figure: 6.13

Section: 6.04

Topic: General

 

6-3

 

Chapter 06 – Test Bank: Energy and Metabolism

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Oxidation and reduction reactions are chemical processes that result in a gain or loss in
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         atoms.
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         neutrons.
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         electrons.
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         molecules.
  6.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         protons.

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Figure: 6.02

Section: 6.01

Topic: Chemistry

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Reactions that occur spontaneously and release free energy are called _____________

reactions.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         activation
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         exergonic
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         catabolistic
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         thermodynamic
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         endergonic

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Figure: 6.04

Section: 6.02

Topic: Chemistry

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         A chemical reaction in which the products contain less energy than the _______ will tend

to proceed spontaneously.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         reactants
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         enzymes
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         coenzymes
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         substrates
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     cofactors

 

Bloom’s Level: Analyze

Section: 6.02

Topic: Chemistry

 

6-4

 

Chapter 06 – Test Bank: Energy and Metabolism

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Protein catalysts that speed up the various metabolic biological reactions in an organism

are called

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         substrates.
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         cofactors.
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         reactants.
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 products.
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         enzymes.

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 6.04

Topic: General

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Enzymes have specific ________ with which they interact.
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         products
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         substrates
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         reactants
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         atoms
  6.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         end-products

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Figure: 6.08

Section: 6.04

Topic: General

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         The specificity of an enzyme is due to its active site. The active site is shaped so that only

a certain

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         substrate molecule can fit into it.
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         product molecule can fit into it.
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         reactant molecule can fit into it.
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         cofactor molecule can fit into it.
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         histone molecule can fit into it.

 

Bloom’s Level: Evaluate

Figure: 6.08

Section: 6.04

Topic: General

 

6-5

Chapter 07 – Test Bank: How Cells Harvest Energy

 

Chapter 07

Test Bank: How Cells Harvest Energy

 

Multiple Choice Questions

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Organisms that can manufacture their own chemical energy sources are called

_____________.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           autotrophs
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   heterotrophs
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           oligotrophs
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           chemotrophs

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 7.01

Topic: General

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ________ depend on energy stored in chemical bonds by autotrophs for their food energy.

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           autotrophs
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           heterotrophs
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           oligotrophs
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           chemotrophs

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 7.01

Topic: General

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Simple molecules are further broken down in cells in a process called _________, during

which energy stored in their chemical bonds is used to power the production of ATP.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           photosynthesis
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           anabolism
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           respiration
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           muscle contraction

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 7.01

Topic: General

 

7-1

 

Chapter 07 – Test Bank: How Cells Harvest Energy

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Glucose is broken down to carbon dioxide and water in organisms which breathe air in a

process called ________ respiration.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           anaerobic
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           continuous
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           glucose
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           aerobic

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 7.01

Topic: General

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           In glycolysis, a major portion of the energy remains in the final product, which is called

________.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           glucose
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           carbon dioxide
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ATP
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           pyruvate

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Figure: 7.06

Section: 7.02

Topic: General

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           For further derivation of energy, aerobic cells must convert pyruvate into acetyl-CoA by

stripping off a C02 molecule. This process is known as ___________.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           decarboxylation
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           glycolysis
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       The Kreb’s cycle
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           metabolism

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Figure: 7.09

Section: 7.03

Topic: General

 

7-2

 

Chapter 07 – Test Bank: How Cells Harvest Energy

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           All of the reactions of glucose oxidation that follow glycolysis, and involve the transfer of

electrons to their final acceptor, take place in eukaryotic cells in the ___________.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               chloroplasts
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           nucleus
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           mitochondria
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               plasma membrane

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Figure: 7.14

Section: 7.05

Topic: General

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Because the chemical formation of ATP is driven by a diffusion force similar to osmosis,

this process is referred to as ___________.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           active transport
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           chemiosmosis
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           decarboxylation
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               diffusion

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Figure: 7.15

Section: 7.05

Topic: General

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The return of the protons into the mitochondrial matrix through mitochondrial membrane

channels occurs by the process of _________.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           diffusion
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           osmosis
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           active transport
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       reversal of potential

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Figure: 7.15

Section: 7.05

Topic: General

 

7-3

 

Chapter 07 – Test Bank: How Cells Harvest Energy

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The amino acids must be first __________ before they can be used in catabolic reactions.

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               stripped
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           proteins
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           deoxygenated
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           deaminated

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Figure: 7.21

Section: 7.09

Topic: General

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Fats undergo a process called ________ oxidation, in which the products are acetyl

coenzyme molecules.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           alpha
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           beta
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           gamma
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           omega

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Figure: 7.22

Section: 7.09

Topic: General

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The first stage of cellular respiration, _____________, occurs with or without oxygen

present.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           the Kreb’s cycle
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           glycolysis
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           gluconeogenesis
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           cleavage

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 7.02

Topic: General

 

7-4

 

Chapter 07 – Test Bank: How Cells Harvest Energy

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           When oxygen is limiting, during heavy exercise, muscle cells revert to

________________ fermentation for energy production.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           alcohol
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           yeast
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           aerobic
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           lactic acid

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 7.08

Topic: General

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         A molecule that stores energy by linking charged phosphate groups near each other is

called

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ATP.
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         NADH.
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         FADH.
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             cyclic AMP.
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         pyruvate.

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 7.01

Topic: General

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           An electron carrier that is used in harvesting energy from glucose molecules in a series of

gradual steps in the cytoplasm is

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           pyruvate.
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           cyclic AMP.
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ATP.
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               NAD+.
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           NADH.

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Figure: 7.03

Section: 7.01

Topic: General

 

7-5