Calculation of Drug Dosages A Work Text 9th Edition by Sheila J. Ogden – Test Bank

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INSTANT DOWNLOAD COMPLETE TEST BANK WITH ANSWERS

 

Calculation of Drug Dosages A Work Text 9th Edition by Sheila J. Ogden – Test Bank

 

Sample  Questions

 

Chapter 05: Percentages

 

COMPLETION

 

  1. Change the following percentage to a fraction. Reduce to lowest terms.

37.5% = _____

 

ANS:  3/8

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Find the following percentage.

% of 2,000= _____

 

ANS:  18

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Find the following percentage.

16% of 79 = _____

 

ANS:  12.64

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Find the following percentage.

8% of 32 = _____

 

ANS:  2.56

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Change the following percentage to a ratio and its decimal equivalent.

8% = _____; _____

 

ANS:  2:25; 0.08

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Change the following percentage to a ratio and its decimal equivalent.

45% = _____; _____

 

ANS:  45:100, 0.45

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Change the following percentage to a ratio.

% = _____

 

ANS:  1:6

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Change the following percentage to a ratio.

0.4% = _____

 

ANS:  1:250

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Convert 84.75% to decimal form.

 

ANS:  0.8475

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Convert 42.5% to decimal form.

 

ANS:  0.425

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Convert 2.96 to a percent.

 

ANS:  296%

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Convert 0.925 to a percent.

 

ANS:  92.5%

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. A client drank 3 ounces (oz) of a glass of apple juice. This was 75% of the  full amount. What was the full amount of apple juice?

 

ANS:  4 oz

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. A client is responsible for 30% of his doctor bills due to insurance. The client  sees a specialist and the bill is $240.00. How much will the client be responsible for?

 

ANS:  $72.00

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. A client was able to drink 85% of a 1,000 milliliter (mL) bottle of an x-ray  prep. How many mL did the client drink?

 

ANS:  850 mL

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. A client has a 2,500 mL bag of irrigation solution hanging. 750 mL of the solution have infused. What percent of the irrigation  solution has infused?

 

ANS:  30%

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. A client consumed 30% of a bowl of broth. The bowl held 360 mL. How many mL of the broth did the client consume?

 

ANS:  108 mL

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. A client who weighed 210 pounds (lb) lost 30 lb. What was the percent of decrease in the client’s weight? (State answer to the nearest whole percent.)

 

ANS:  14%

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Following exercise, a client’s pulse rate increased from 80 to 95.  What is the  percent of increase in the client’s pulse rate? (State answer to the nearest tenth.)

 

ANS:  18.8%

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. A client has received 45% of a 500 mL bag of intravenous (IV) solution. How many mL of IV solution has the client received?

 

ANS:  225 mL

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

Chapter 07: Apothecary and Household Systems

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. 1 oz is equivalent to:
a. 4 mL c. 15 mL
b. 5 mL d. 30 mL

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. The correct abbreviation for teaspoon is:
a. Tsp. c. tbs.
b. tsp. d. Tbs.

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

MULTIPLE RESPONSE

 

  1. The household system (select all that apply):
a. is more accurate than the metric system.
b. expresses quantities using Arabic numbers and decimals.
c. is primarily used for dosages at home.
d. expresses quantities in fractions and Arabic numbers.
e. is preferred for medication administration.
f. has measures such as tbs and tsp.

 

 

ANS:  C, D, F           PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

COMPLETION

 

  1. Directions: Write the abbreviation for the term.

drop: _____

 

ANS:  gtt

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Write the abbreviation for the term.

teaspoon: _____

 

ANS:  tsp

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Write the abbreviation for the term.

ounce: _____

 

ANS:  oz

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

 

30 mL = _____ oz

 

ANS:  1

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

 

13 t = _______ mL

 

ANS:  65

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

 

15 mL = _____ oz

 

ANS:  1/2

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

 

2 3/4 C = ______ mL

 

ANS:  660

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

 

10 tbs = _____ mL

 

ANS:  150

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

 

50 mL = _____ qt

 

ANS:  1/20

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

 

5 t = _____ mL

 

ANS:  25

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

 

255 mL = _____ oz

 

ANS:  8 1/2

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

 

6 1/4 qt = _____ mL

 

ANS:  6,250

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

 

5 1/4 pt = ______ mL

 

ANS:  2,625

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

 

16 T = _____ mL

 

ANS:  240

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

 

750 mL = _____ pt

 

ANS:  1 1/2 pt

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

 

2 1/4 cup = _____ mL

 

ANS:  540

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

 

195 mL = ________ oz

 

ANS:  6 1/2

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

 

10 1/3 tbs = _______ mL

 

ANS:  155

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

 

277.5 mL = _________ oz

 

ANS:  9 1/4

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

 

43.75 mL = ________ tsp

 

ANS:  8 3/4

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

SHORT ANSWER

 

  1. Directions: Express the following value correctly.

5.5 Tsp

 

ANS:

5 1/2 tsp, tsp 5 1/2

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Express the following value correctly.

20 MEQ

 

ANS:

20 mEq

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Express the following value correctly.

2.75 OZ

 

ANS:

2 3/4 oz, oz 2 3/4

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Express the following value correctly.

17 U

 

ANS:

17 units

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Express the following value correctly.

18.0 Tbs

 

ANS:

18 tbs, tbs 18

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

TRUE/FALSE

 

  1. The drop is a standardized unit of measure.

_____

 

ANS:  F                    PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Use of the apothecary system has been identified as a source of error in medication administration.

_____

 

ANS:  T                    PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. A capital “U” is an acceptable abbreviation for units.

______

 

ANS:  F                    PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Milliequivalent is a unit used to measure the ionic activity of a medication.

_______

 

ANS:  T                    PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. The household system expresses values using roman numerals and Arabic numbers.

______

 

ANS:  F                    PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

Chapter 17: Oral Medications

 

COMPLETION

 

  1. Directions: Complete with the correct word(s) or number.

An elongated tablet for easy swallowing is referred to as a _______________.

 

ANS:  caplet

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Complete with the correct word(s) or number.

Enteric-coated tablets and time-release tablets should never be _______________.

 

ANS:  crushed, broken

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Complete with the correct word(s) or number.

Sublingual tablets must never be _______________ but placed _______________ the tongue.

 

ANS:  crushed, swallowed; under

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Complete with the correct word(s) or number.

The nurse should question and check any calculation that indicates you should administer more than ________ tablets or capsules to achieve a single dose.

 

ANS:  three, 3

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Complete with the correct word(s) or number.

The solid form of medication that contains granules that delays the release of the medication is referred to as a _______________.

 

ANS:  spansule

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Complete with the correct word(s) or number.

The most common form of oral medication is the __________.

 

ANS:  tablet

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Ranitidine 300 mg p.o. daily at bedtime

Available:

 

Dosage: _____

 

ANS:  2 tabs

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Evista 60 mg p.o. daily

Available:

 

 

Dosage: _____

 

ANS:  1 tab

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Tegretol 0.2 g p.o. b.i.d.

Available:

 

 

Dosage: _____

 

ANS:  2 tabs

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Biaxin 175 mg p.o. q12h

Available:

 

Dosage: _____

 

ANS:  3.5 mL

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Cardura 8 mg p.o. daily

Available:

 

 

 

  1. Which dosage strength of Cardura would you use? _____ mg tabs
  2. How many tablets will you administer? _____ tab(s)

 

ANS:

 

  1. 4
  2. 2

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Synthroid 0.3 mg p.o. daily

Available:

 

Dosage: _____ tab(s)

 

ANS:  2

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Benazepril (Lotensin HCT) 20 mg per 25 mg p.o. every day

Available:

 

 

  1. How many tablets should the client receive per dosage? _____ tab(s)
  2. How many tablets would be needed for 1 week? _____ tab(s)

 

ANS:

 

  1. 2
  2. 14

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Diazepam 4 mg via nasogastric tube t.i.d.

Available: Diazepam oral solution 5 mg per 5 mL

 

  1. How many milliliters should the client receive per dosage? _____ mL
  2. How many milligrams will the client receive per day? _____ mg

 

ANS:

 

  1. 4
  2. 12

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Ceftin 500 mg p.o. q12h

Available:

 

Dosage: _____

 

ANS:  10 mL

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Norvasc 5 mg p.o. daily

Available:

 

 

Dosage: _____

 

ANS:  2 tabs

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Tenormin 100 mg p.o. daily

Available:

 

 

ANS:  2 tabs

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Ampicillin 1 g p.o. as an initial dosage and then 500 mg p.o. q.i.d. for 7

days thereafter

Available: Ampicillin capsules labeled 500 mg

 

  1. How many capsules will you administer for the initial dosage? _____ cap(s)
  2. What is the total number of capsules needed for the subsequent dosages for 7 days? _____ cap(s)

 

ANS:

 

  1. 2
  2. 28

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Feldene 20 mg p.o. daily

Available:

 

 

 

  1. Which dosage strength would be best to use? _____ mg caps
  2. How many capsules will you administer per dosage? _____ cap(s)

 

ANS:

 

  1. 20
  2. 1

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Diflucan 350 mg p.o. daily

Available:

 

 

Dosage: _____

 

ANS:  8.8 mL

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Depakene 0.5 g p.o. daily for 1 week, then 1 g p.o. daily beginning the second week

Available:

 

 

  1. How many milligrams will the client receive per dosage for 1 week? _____ mg
  2. How many milliliters will you administer per dosage for 1 week? _____ mL
  3. How many milligrams will the client receive per dosage the second week? _____ mg per dosage
  4. How many milliliters will you administer per dosage the second week? _____ mL

 

ANS:

 

  1. 500
  2. 10
  3. 1,000
  4. 20

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Potassium chloride 40 mEq p.o. every day

Available:

 

 

  1. How many milliliters would the client receive? _____ mL
  2. How many containers are needed? _________ container(s)

 

ANS:

 

  1. 30
  2. 2

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Zithromax 160 mg p.o. daily

Available:

 

 

 

Dosage: _____

 

ANS:  4 mL

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Zoloft 50 mg p.o. daily

Available:

 

 

Dosage: _____

 

ANS:  2 tabs

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Methadone hydrochloride 25 mg p.o. daily

Available: Scored tablets

 

 

Dosage: _____

 

ANS:  2 1/2 tabs

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Carvedilol (Coreg) 6.25 mg p.o. b.i.d.

Available:

 

 

  1. How many tablets should the client receive per dosage? _____ tab(s)
  2. How many milligrams will the client receive per day? _____ mg

 

ANS:

 

  1. 2
  2. 12.5

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Terbutaline 5 mg p.o. q8h

Available:

 

 

 

  1. Which dosage of Terbutaline would you use and why? ________________
  2. How many tablets will you give? ______ tab(s)

 

ANS:

 

  1. Use the 5 mg tab; if the 2.5 mg tab were used, the client would have to take 2 tabs. Although 2 tabs are acceptable, you want to administer the least number of tablets to achieve the dosage.
  2. 1

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Clozaril 50 mg p.o. daily

Available:

 

Dosage: _____

 

ANS:  2 tabs

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Compazine 10 mg p.o. q.i.d.

Available:

 

Dosage: _____

 

ANS:  10 mL

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Lithium citrate 0.6 g p.o. b.i.d.

Available:

.

 

Dosage: _____

 

ANS:

10 mL (Indicate the dosage on the medication cup)

 

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Vibramycin 100 mg p.o. b.i.d. for 14 days

Available:

 

 

ANS:

20 mL (Indicate the dosage on the medication cup.)

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Zebeta 15 mg p.o. daily

Available:

 

 

  1. Which dosage strength of Zebeta would be appropriate to use and why? __________
  2. How many tablets will you administer? _________tab(s)

 

ANS:

 

  1. 1 (5 mg tab) and 1 (10 mg) tab would be the appropriate tabs to give. If the 5 mg tablets were used, the client would have to take 3 tabs. Although this amount is acceptable, the client should be given the least amount to achieve the      dosage.
  2. 2; (one 5 mg tab, and one 10 mg tab)

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Potassium 250 mg p.o. q8h (dose is based on amoxicillin)

Available:

 

 

Dosage _____________

 

ANS:  3.1 mL

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

 

Order: Isentress 0.8 g p.o. b.i.d.

Available:

 

 

Dosage ___________________

 

ANS:  2 tabs

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

 

  1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Trileptal 0.3 g p.o. b.i.d.

Available: 

 

 

 

Dosage ________

 

ANS:  5 mL

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)