Dental Assisting  A Comprehensive Approach 5th Edition by Phinney  – Test Bank

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INSTANT DOWNLOAD COMPLETE TEST BANK WITH ANSWERS

 

Dental Assisting  A Comprehensive Approach 5th Edition by Phinney  – Test Bank

 

Sample  Questions

 

Name: ________________________ Class: ___________________ Date: __________ ID: A
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True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
____ 1. A joint is an area where two or more bones meet or form a junction.
____ 2. Muscle attaches to a more stationary bone at the origin.
____ 3. Muscle attaches to a movable bone at the insertion point.
____ 4. Nerve cells that carry messages away from the spinal cord and brain are the motor type.
____ 5. Pulmonary circulation carries the blood from the aorta to the smallest blood vessels and back to the heart.
____ 6. Blood that is transported from the capillaries back to the heart is carried by arteries.
____ 7. The immune system is composed of specialized cells and molecules.
____ 8. The chromosomes are within the nucleus of the cell and contain the DNA.
____ 9. The pattern of the trabeculae gives the bone a spongelike appearance and strength without adding weight.
____ 10. The use of nitrous oxide may be indicated when a patient has respiratory disease.
____ 11. The body is divided into three primary body planes.
____ 12. The cell is the basic unit of all systems.
____ 13. The cell membrane controls the exchange of materials coming into and out of the cell.
____ 14. Cells differ according to what they do. Specialized groups of cells form tissues.
____ 15. When tissues and organs unite, they form systems.
____ 16. Homeostasis is when cells, tissues, organs, and systems all function independently to maintain the body.
____ 17. The osseous tissue is a covering of tough fibrous tissues.
____ 18. The cancellous bone consists of a meshwork of interconnecting bone.
____ 19. Compact bone is dense and forms the main shaft of long bones.
____ 20. Red bone marrow is filled with blood vessels that manufacture red and white blood cells and platelets.
____ 21. The synovial joint makes up most of the joints in the body.
____ 22. Osteomyelitis is the loss of bony material, thus leaving the bones brittle.
Name: ________________________ ID: A
2
____ 23. Cleft palate is the failure of the palate to form and join correctly.
____ 24. Osteoporosis is an infection of the bone-forming tissue.
____ 25. Myasthenia gravis is a chronic pain in the muscles and soft tissues surrounding the joints.
____ 26. Nerve fibers move impulses from one to another through a synapse.
____ 27. Fibromyalgia is an autoimmune disorder that leaves the muscles weak and fatigued.
____ 28. The integumentary system helps to prevent water loss in the body.
____ 29. The epidermis is composed of connective tissue.
____ 30. Excitability is the ability of a muscle to stretch and spread in order to perform tasks.
____ 31. Neuritis is a disease of the nervous system that destroys the myelin sheath of neurons in the CNS.
Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. The study of the body structure is _________.
a. physiology c. either a or b
b. anatomy d. neither a nor b
____ 2. The study of the body functions is _________.
a. physiology c. either a or b
b. anatomy d. neither a nor b
____ 3. The _________ system allows the body to move and produce heat.
a. skeletal c. reproductive
b. endocrine d. muscular
____ 4. The system that produces life is the ________ system.
a. skeletal c. reproductive
b. endocrine d. muscular
____ 5. The system that provides nutrients and drainage for body fluids is the ________ system.
a. lymphatic c. digestive
b. immune d. nervous
____ 6. The __________ system takes food in, breaks it down, and converts it to substances the body needs to
sustain life.
a. circulatory c. digestive
b. endocrine d. immune
____ 7. The __________ system protects the body from disease and harmful substances.
a. circulatory c. digestive
b. endocrine d. immune
____ 8. The _________ system brings oxygen into the body.
a. respiratory c. immune
b. endocrine d. digestive
Name: ________________________ ID: A
3
____ 9. The __________ system provides the basic framework of the body, stores minerals, and manufactures
blood cells.
a. muscular c. lymphatic
b. immune d. skeletal
____ 10. The __________ system regulates the body’s functions through hormones.
a. lymphatic c. immune
b. endocrine d. reproductive
____ 11. The _________ system carries life-sustaining substances throughout the body.
a. respiratory c. circulatory
b. immune d. nervous
____ 12. The _________ system provides a communication system for the body and responds to internal and
external stimuli.
a. respiratory c. circulatory
b. immune d. nervous
____ 13. The ________ plane divides the body into left and right halves.
a. sagittal c. transverse
b. frontal d. horizontal
____ 14. The transverse plane ___________.
a. divides the body into left and right halves
b. divides the body into front and back sections
c. divides the body into upper and lower sections
d. none of the above
____ 15. The frontal plane _______________.
a. divides the body into left and right halves
b. divides the body into front and back sections
c. divides the body into upper and lower sections
d. none of the above
____ 16. The bones of the cranium, face, spinal column, ribs, and sternum form the _______ skeleton.
a. appendicular c. either a or b
b. axial d. neither a nor b
____ 17. Osseous is a term that refers to _________.
a. bone c. degree of hardness
b. porosity of a structure d. none of the above
____ 18. The bone that has a spongelike appearance and is fairly weak is _________.
1. Compact
2. Cancellous
3. Spongy
4. Dense
a. 1, 2, 3, 4 c. 1, 4
b. 3 only d. 2, 3
____ 19. Compact bone has a covering of fibrous tissue called the _________.
a. periosteum c. marrow
b. osteoblasts d. nerve tissue
Name: ________________________ ID: A
4
____ 20. An example of a synovial joint is the __________.
a. joint between the bones of the vertebrae
b. temporomandibular joint
c. sutures between the bones of the cranium
d. none of the above
____ 21. The muscular system makes up ______ percent of the body’s total weight.
a. 10 to 20 c. 30 to 40
b. 20 to 30 d. 40 to 50
____ 22. Which muscle type provides external body movements such as walking?
a. Striated or skeletal c. Smooth
b. Cardiac d. None of the above
____ 23. Which type of muscle is involuntary, with cells designed in a chainlike appearance?
a. Striated or skeletal c. Smooth
b. Cardiac d. None of the above
____ 24. Which muscle type is found in internal organs?
a. Striated or skeletal c. Smooth
b. Cardiac d. None of the above
____ 25. Energy for muscles is stored as ___________.
a. oxygen c. glycogen
b. glucose d. lactic acid
____ 26. The non-use of muscles causes them to deteriorate, a condition known as _______.
a. spasms c. fibromyalgia
b. cramps d. atrophy
____ 27. The basic structural unit of the nervous system is a(n) ___________.
a. neuron c. synapse
b. axon d. dendrite
____ 28. Of the 12 pairs of cranial nerves in our body, which are directly related to the oral cavity?
1. I
2. III
3. V
4. VII
5. VIII
a. 3 only c. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
b. 3, 4 d. None of these
____ 29. The endocrine glands release ___________.
a. tears c. insulin
b. saliva d. hormones
____ 30. Hyperthyroidism is an _______________.
a. underactive thyroid gland c. either a or b
b. overactive thyroid gland d. neither a nor b
____ 31. The human heart is about the size of a _________.
a. ping-pong ball c. closed fist
b. quarter d. football
Name: ________________________ ID: A
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____ 32. The lower chambers of the heart are called the __________.
a. atrium c. valves
b. ventricles d. vena cava
____ 33. The main function(s) of the blood is (are) to _______________.
a. protect against pathogens
b. regulate the amount of body fluids
c. transport nutrients, gases, waste products, and hormones
d. all of the above
____ 34. The average adult has about ____ quarts of blood.
a. 2 to 3 c. 4 to 6
b. 3 to 4 d. 7 to 8
____ 35. The process by which the body controls bleeding is __________.
a. hemostasis c. hemophilia
b. hemoglobin d. coagulation
____ 36. A condition in which there is an inflammation of the lining of the heart is __________.
a. leukemia c. hemophilia
b. bacterial endocarditis d. hemostasis
____ 37. The components of gastric juices is (are) _________.
a. pepsin c. neither a nor b
b. hydrochloric acid d. both a and b
____ 38. Another name for the windpipe is the ____________.
a. eustachian tube c. larynx
b. pharynx d. trachea
____ 39. The parts of the lymphatic system include the:
1. spleen
2. thymus gland
3. lymph
4. lymph nodes
a. 1, 2, 3, 4 c. 3, 4
b. 2, 3, 4 d. 3 only
____ 40. Which is important to the development of the immune system?
a. Tonsils c. Spleen
b. Thymus gland d. Lymph nodes
____ 41. Which pair of tonsils are on the base of the tongue?
a. Palatine c. Pharyngeal
b. Lingual d. None of the above
____ 42. A malignant disorder that causes enlargement of the lymph nodes is _____________.
a. tonsillitis c. immune deficiency disease
b. Hodgkin’s disease d. cancer
____ 43. The uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells is ____________.
a. tonsillitis c. immune deficiency disease
b. Hodgkin’s disease d. cancer
Name: ________________________ ID: A
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____ 44. One of the basic components of the cell is the outer wall, called the ___________.
a. nucleus c. cytoplasm
b. cell membrane d. chromosomes
____ 45. In the cell, the _________ controls the body and contains genetic codes.
a. cytoplasm c. nucleus
b. cell membrane d. chromosomes
____ 46. The ________ is (are) the substance that makes up the cell, with the exception of the nucleus.
a. chromosomes c. cell membrane
b. cytoplasm d. proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates
____ 47. Which component of the cell contains DNA that trasmits genetic information?
a. cell membrane c. cytoplasm
b. nucleus d. chromosomes
____ 48. The pattern of this bone, the ___________, gives a spongelike appearance and strength without adding
weight.
a. compact bone c. axial skeleton
b. trabeculae d. cartilage
____ 49. A condition of an underactive thyroid gland is called _________.
a. hypothyroidism c. diabetes mellitus
b. hyperthyroidism d. Parkinson抯
____ 50. ________ is a term that refers to the front of the body or area of the body.
a. Dorsal c. Medial
b. Inferior d. Anterior
____ 51. ________ is a term that refers to the back of the body or area of the body.
a. Proximal c. Posterior
b. Anterior d. Mesial
____ 52. ___________ means toward the midline of the body or the surface of the tooth that faces the median line
(term used in dentistry).
a. Proximal c. Distal
b. Mesial d. Lateral
____ 53. When muscles contract, they become _________.
a. relaxed c. extensible
b. shorter d. atrophied
____ 54. _________ are composed of bands or sheets of fibrous tissue that act to connect or support two or more
bones.
a. Fibers c. Tendons
b. Ligaments d. Joints
____ 55. When assisting with dental procedures, the dental assistant uses his or her lower back and neck, putting
stress and strain on the _______ system.
a. reproductive c. endocrine
b. muscular d. respiratory
____ 56. Which of the following is a part of the integumentary system?
a. Lymph node c. Villi
b. Hair d. Alveoli
Name: ________________________ ID: A
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____ 57. The layer of the skin where nerve endings and blood vessels can be found is the __________.
a. epidermis c. hypodermis
b. dermis d. subcutaneous
____ 58. If a patient presents with skin that appears to be yellowish, this is a condition called _________.
a. pallor c. jaundice
b. cyanosis d. erythema
____ 59. If the dental assistant notes the following abnormality on the patient抯 face, he or she should alert the
dentist.
a. Dry skin c. Pimple
b. Freckles d. Melanoma
____ 60. A disorder of the integumentary system resulting from clogged hair follicles is _________.
a. cellulitis c. tonsillitis
b. dermatitis d. acne
Matching
The endocrine system is a controlling and communicating system. Match the gland with its function.
a. Pituitary c. Adrenal
b. Thyroid d. Pancreas
____ 1. Releases the fight or flight hormone, which increases heart rate and blood pressure
____ 2. Produces hormones, including insulin and glucagons
____ 3. Master gland that releases hormones that affect the workings of other glands
____ 4. Increases metabolic rate, which affects both mental and physical activities
Match the directional term to the definition of what it describes.
a. In front of; in the front of the body
b. Surface of the tooth that faces away from the median line
c. Surface of the tooth that faces the median line
d. Back or behind
____ 5. Distal
____ 6. Mesial
____ 7. Posterior
____ 8. Anterior
ID: A
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Answer Section
TRUE/FALSE
1. ANS: T
There are three types of joints: fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain the functions and divisions of the skeletal system, list the composition of bone, and
identify types of joints. TOP: Skeletal System
2. ANS: T
Muscle attaches to a more stationary bone at the origin.
PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: List the functions and parts of the muscular system.
TOP: Muscular System
3. ANS: T
Muscle attaches to a movable bone at the insertion point.
PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: List the functions and parts of the muscular system.
TOP: Muscular System
4. ANS: T
Motor neurons carry messages that direct the body to act.
PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: List the functions and structure of the nervous system.
TOP: Nervous System
5. ANS: F
Systemic circulation carries the blood from the aorta to the smallest blood vessels and back to the heart.
PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: List the functions and parts of the respiratory system.
TOP: Respiratory System
6. ANS: F
Blood that is transported from the capillaries back to the heart is carried by veins.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain the functions of the circulatory system and list and identify the parts.
TOP: Circulatory System
7. ANS: T
These cells and molecules aid in the body抯 defense against disease and infection.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the functions and parts of the lymphatic system and the immune system.
TOP: Lymphatic System and Immune System
8. ANS: T
DNA contains the genetic information of each cell.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Basic Structure and Functions of the
Cell
ID: A
2
9. ANS: T
Trabeculae is found in cancellous bone, which is found in the ends of long bones and in the middle of
other bones.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Explain the functions and divisions of the skeletal system, list the composition of bone, and
identify types of joints. TOP: Skeletal System
10. ANS: F
The use of nitrous oxide may be contraindicated when a patient has respiratory disease.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and parts of the respiratory system.
TOP: Respiratory System
11. ANS: T
The three primary body planes are the sagittal plane, transverse plane, and frontal plane.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Body Planes and Directions
12. ANS: T
It is also the smallest functioning unit in the body.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Basic Structure and Functions of the
Cell
13. ANS: T
The cell membrane is the outer wall of the cell. It is thin and composed of proteins, lipids, and
carbohydrates.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Basic Structure and Functions of the
Cell
14. ANS: T
Groups of these specialized cells form organs, and groups of organs form systems.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Basic Structure and Functions of the
Cell
15. ANS: T
Tissues, organs, and systems all work together to maintain homeostasis.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Basic Structure and Functions of the
Cell
ID: A
3
16. ANS: F
Homeostasis is when cells, tissues, organs, and systems all function cooperatively to maintain the body.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Basic Structure and Functions of the
Cell
17. ANS: F
The osseous tissue is composed of connective tissue.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Explain the functions and divisions of the skeletal system, list the composition of bone, and
identify types of joints. TOP: Skeletal System
18. ANS: T
This is called trabeculae.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain the functions and divisions of the skeletal system, list the composition of bone, and
identify types of joints. TOP: Skeletal System
19. ANS: T
It forms the outer layer of other bones.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain the functions and divisions of the skeletal system, list the composition of bone, and
identify types of joints. TOP: Skeletal System
20. ANS: T
Red marrow is found in cancellous bone in the ends of long bones and the middle of other bones.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Explain the functions and divisions of the skeletal system, list the composition of bone, and
identify types of joints. TOP: Skeletal System
21. ANS: T
The synovial joints provide movement.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain the functions and divisions of the skeletal system, list the composition of bone, and
identify types of joints. TOP: Skeletal System
22. ANS: F
Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone-forming tissue.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Explain the functions and divisions of the skeletal system, list the composition of bone, and
identify types of joints. TOP: Skeletal System
23. ANS: T
The prevalence of cleft palate is greater in males than in females.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Explain the functions and divisions of the skeletal system, list the composition of bone, and
identify types of joints. TOP: Skeletal System
ID: A
4
24. ANS: F
Osteoporosis is the loss of bony material which leaves the bones brittle and soft.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Explain the functions and divisions of the skeletal system, list the composition of bone, and
identify types of joints. TOP: Skeletal System
25. ANS: F
Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disorder that leaves the muscles weak and fatigued.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and parts of the muscular system.
TOP: Muscular System
26. ANS: T
The synapse is the junction where chemicals are released from the ends of axons to allow the stimuli to
jump to the next dendrite.
PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: List the functions and structure of the nervous system.
TOP: Nervous System
27. ANS: F
Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain in the muscles and soft tissues surrounding the joint.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and parts of the muscular system.
TOP: Muscular System
28. ANS: T
The integumentary system helps to prevent water loss in the body.
PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: List the functions and parts of the integumentary
system.
TOP: Integumentary System
29. ANS: F
The dermis is composed of connective tissue.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and parts of the integumentary
system.
TOP: Integumentary System
30. ANS: F
Extensibility is the ability of a muscle to stretch and spread in order to perform tasks.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and parts of the muscular system.
TOP: Muscular System
31. ANS: F
Multiple sclerosis is a disease of the nervous system that destroys the myelin sheath of neurons in the
CNS.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and structure of the nervous system.
TOP: Nervous System
ID: A
5
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. ANS: B
Anatomy is the study of the structure of the body.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Body Systems
2. ANS: A
Physiology is the study of the functions of the body.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Body Systems
3. ANS: D
The muscular system allows the body to move and produce heat.
PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: List the functions and parts of the muscular system.
TOP: Muscular System
4. ANS: C
The reproductive system is the system that creates new life.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain dental concerns related to the reproductive system.
TOP: Reproductive System
5. ANS: A
The lymphatic system provides nutrients to the body and allows drainage for fluids within the body.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the functions and parts of the lymphatic system and the immune system.
TOP: Lymphatic System and Immune System
6. ANS: C
The digestive system is responsible for the processing of the food we take in to sustain life.
PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: List the functions and parts of the digestive system.
TOP: Digestive System
7. ANS: D
The immune system protects the body from disease.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: List the functions and parts of the lymphatic system and the immune system.
TOP: Lymphatic System and Immune System
8. ANS: A
The respiratory system is responsible for getting oxygen into the body to sustain life.
PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: List the functions and parts of the respiratory system.
TOP: Respiratory System
ID: A
6
9. ANS: D
The skeletal system supports the body framework, stores minerals, and manufactures blood cells.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain the functions and divisions of the skeletal system, list the composition of bone, and
identify types of joints. TOP: Skeletal System
10. ANS: B
The endocrine system regulates the body抯 functions through hormones.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and parts of the endocrine system.
TOP: Endocrine System
11. ANS: C
The circulatory system moves the blood through the body that transports nutrients to body systems,
organs, and tissues.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain the functions of the circulatory system and list and identify the parts.
TOP: Circulatory System
12. ANS: D
The nervous system relays messages from the brain to the body systems and back again.
PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: List the functions and structure of the nervous system.
TOP: Nervous System
13. ANS: A
The sagittal plane divides the body into left and right halves.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Body Planes and Directions
14. ANS: C
The transverse plane divides the body into upper and lower sections.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Body Planes and Directions
15. ANS: B
The frontal plane divides the body into front and back sections.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Body Planes and Directions
16. ANS: B
The axial skeleton consists of the bones of the cranium, face, spinal column, ribs, and sternum.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain the functions and divisions of the skeletal system, list the composition of bone, and
identify types of joints. TOP: Skeletal System
ID: A
7
17. ANS: A
Osseous is a term that relates to bone.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Explain the functions and divisions of the skeletal system, list the composition of bone, and
identify types of joints. TOP: Skeletal System
18. ANS: D
Cancellous or spongy bone has a spongelike appearance. The trabeculae gives the bone its spongy
appearance.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Explain the functions and divisions of the skeletal system, list the composition of bone, and
identify types of joints. TOP: Skeletal System
19. ANS: A
The periosteum is a fibrous tissue found covering compact bone.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Explain the functions and divisions of the skeletal system, list the composition of bone, and
identify types of joints. TOP: Skeletal System
20. ANS: B
The temporomandibular joint is an example of a synovial joint. Synovial joints provide movement and
are the most common joints found in the body.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain the functions and divisions of the skeletal system, list the composition of bone, and
identify types of joints. TOP: Skeletal System
21. ANS: C
30 to 40 percent of the total weight of the body is from muscle.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and parts of the muscular system.
TOP: Muscular System
22. ANS: A
Striated or skeletal muscle is the type of muscle that is responsible for the ability to move such as
walking.
PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: List the functions and parts of the muscular system.
TOP: Muscular System
23. ANS: B
Cardiac muscle is involuntary muscle and is responsible for the heart抯 ability to beat.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and parts of the muscular system.
TOP: Muscular System
24. ANS: C
Smooth muscles make up the structure of internal organs.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and parts of the muscular system.
TOP: Muscular System
ID: A
8
25. ANS: C
Energy for muscles is stored as glycogen. This energy is provided as a result of chemical changes within
the muscle.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and parts of the muscular system.
TOP: Muscular System
26. ANS: D
Atrophy is the shrinking and deterioration of muscles due to lack of use.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and parts of the muscular system.
TOP: Muscular System
27. ANS: A
The neuron is the basic structural unit of the nervous system.
PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: List the functions and structure of the nervous system.
TOP: Nervous System
28. ANS: B
The fifth and seventh cranial nerves are related to the oral cavity. The trigeminal nerve innervates the
upper and lower jaw and the facial nerves innervate the facial muscles, salivary glands, lacrimal glands,
and the sensation of taste on the anterior two-thirds of the tongue.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and structure of the nervous system.
TOP: Nervous System
29. ANS: D
Hormones are released by the endocrine glands, which serve to regulate the internal environment of the
body.
PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: List the functions and parts of the endocrine system.
TOP: Endocrine System
30. ANS: B
Hyperthyroidism is an overactive thyroid gland; its hormones are excreted in excessive amounts.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and parts of the endocrine system.
TOP: Endocrine System
31. ANS: C
The human heart is about the size of a closed fist and is triangular in shape. It acts as a pump to circulate
blood throughout the body.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain the functions of the circulatory system and list and identify the parts.
TOP: Circulatory System
32. ANS: B
The lower chambers of the heart are called the ventricles.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain the functions of the circulatory system and list and identify the parts.
TOP: Circulatory System
ID: A
9
33. ANS: D
Blood functions to protect the body from pathogens, regulate the fluid volume in the body, and to
transport nutrients, gases, wastes products, and hormones.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain the functions of the circulatory system and list and identify the parts.
TOP: Circulatory System
34. ANS: C
The average adult has about 4 to 6 quarts of blood.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Explain the functions of the circulatory system and list and identify the parts.
TOP: Circulatory System
35. ANS: A
Hemostasis is the process by which the body controls bleeding.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Explain the functions of the circulatory system and list and identify the parts.
TOP: Circulatory System
36. ANS: B
Bacterial endocarditis is an inflammation of the lining of the heart. Patients with this condition may need
to be treated with antibiotics prior to dental treatment.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Explain the functions of the circulatory system and list and identify the parts.
TOP: Circulatory System
37. ANS: D
Pepsin and hydrochloric acid make up gastric juices. These juices mix with the food we eat to break the
food down in the stomach.
PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: List the functions and parts of the digestive system.
TOP: Digestive System
38. ANS: D
The windpipe is also called the trachea.
PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: List the functions and parts of the respiratory system.
TOP: Respiratory System
39. ANS: A
The lymphatic system consists of the spleen, thymus gland, lymph, and lymph nodes.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: List the functions and parts of the lymphatic system and the immune system.
TOP: Lymphatic System and Immune System
40. ANS: B
The thymus gland is located under the sternum; it is large and active from fetal development through
puberty and then shrinks as we mature into adulthood.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the functions and parts of the lymphatic system and the immune system.
TOP: Lymphatic System and Immune System
ID: A
10
41. ANS: B
The lingual tonsils are on the base of the tongue. The tonsils protect the oral cavity from bacteria that
may enter the body through the digestive or respiratory system.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and parts of the digestive system.
TOP: Digestive System
42. ANS: B
Hodgkin抯 disease is a malignant disorder that causes enlargement of the lymph nodes.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the functions and parts of the lymphatic system and the immune system.
TOP: Lymphatic System and Immune System
43. ANS: D
Cancer is the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Basic Structure and Functions of the
Cell
44. ANS: B
The cell membrane is the outer wall of the cell; it controls the exchange of materials into and out of the
cell.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Basic Structure and Functions of the
Cell
45. ANS: C
The nucleus of each cell controls the cell body and contains the genetic codes.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Basic Structure and Functions of the
Cell
46. ANS: B
Cytoplasm is the substance that makes up the cell, with the exception of the nucleus.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Basic Structure and Functions of the
Cell
47. ANS: D
Chromosomes are formed in the cell nucleus and contain the DNA of the cell.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Basic Structure and Functions of the
Cell
ID: A
11
48. ANS: B
The trabeculae is a meshwork of interconnecting bone that give the bone a spongelike appearance. It adds
strength to the bone without adding weight.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain the functions and divisions of the skeletal system, list the composition of bone, and
identify types of joints. TOP: Skeletal System
49. ANS: A
Hypothyroidism is the condition of an underactive thyroid gland.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and parts of the endocrine system.
TOP: Endocrine System
50. ANS: D
Anterior is a term used to describe the front of the body or an area of the body.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Body Planes and Directions
51. ANS: C
Posterior is a term referring to the back of the body or area of the body.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Body Planes and Directions
52. ANS: B
Mesial is a directional term that refers to an area or structure toward the midline of the body; in dentistry,
it refers to the surface of the tooth that faces the median line.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Body Planes and Directions
53. ANS: B
Muscles shorten when contracting.
PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: List the functions and parts of the muscular system.
TOP: Muscular System
54. ANS: B
Ligaments are bands or sheets of fibrous tissue that act to connect or support two or more bones, usually
found at a joint.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and parts of the muscular system.
TOP: Muscular System
55. ANS: B
The muscles of the neck and back are under stress and strain when the dental assistant is working on a
patient. Proper body mechanics and ergonomic equipment can help alleviate some of this stress and
strain.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and parts of the muscular system.
TOP: Muscular System
ID: A
12
56. ANS: B
Body hair is a structure of the integumentary system and helps in maintaining body temperature.
PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: List the functions and parts of the integumentary
system.
TOP: Integumentary System
57. ANS: B
The epidermis is the layer where the nerve endings and blood vessels are found.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and parts of the integumentary
system.
TOP: Integumentary System
58. ANS: C
Jaundice is a yellowish discoloration of the skin and is also present in the white of the eyes.
PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: List the functions and parts of the integumentary
system.
TOP: Integumentary System
59. ANS: D
A melanoma is characterized by a lesion with an irregular border and uneven color.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and parts of the integumentary
system.
TOP: Integumentary System
60. ANS: D
Acne is the result of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles becoming clogged, causing pimples and
blackheads.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the functions and parts of the integumentary
system.
TOP: Integumentary System
MATCHING
1. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the functions and parts of the endocrine system. TOP: Endocrine System
2. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the functions and parts of the endocrine system. TOP: Endocrine System
3. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the functions and parts of the endocrine system. TOP: Endocrine System
4. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the functions and parts of the endocrine system. TOP: Endocrine System
5. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Body Planes and Directions
6. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Body Planes and Directions
ID: A
13
7. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Body Planes and Directions
8. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the body systems, body planes and directions, and cavities of the body and describe the
structure and function of the cell. TOP: Body Planes and Directions

 

Name: ________________________ Class: ___________________ Date: __________ ID: A
1
7
True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
____ 1. The reddish portion of the lips is the vermillion zone.
____ 2. The labial commissures are the corners where the upper and lower lips meet.
____ 3. The palate is the name for the roof of the mouth.
____ 4. The mandible is the only movable bone of the face.
____ 5. The horizontal portion of the mandible is known as the ramus.
____ 6. Saliva can vary in viscosity depending on an individual抯 chemical makeup.
____ 7. There are no oral health aids on the market to assist a patient with dry mouth symptoms.
____ 8. When the TMJ disc does not stay interposed between the condyle and the temporal bone, a popping and
clicking sound may result.
____ 9. Occasionally, a lump or prominence of bone, called a torus palatinus, occurs in the middle of the palate.
____ 10. Folds of tissue that extend horizontally from the uvula to the base of the tongue are called anterior
tonsillar pillars.
____ 11. The palatine tonsils are often marked with deep grooves and are red and inflamed due to infection.
____ 12. The space in the back of the oral cavity where food passes into the pharynx is the fauces.
____ 13. Where the lingual frenum attaches to the floor of the mouth are two small, raised folds of tissue, one on
either side of the frenum, which are called sublingual sulcus.
____ 14. The sublingual sulcus marks the end of the alveolar ridge and the beginning of the floor of the mouth.
____ 15. The parotid glands are the largest of the salivary glands.
____ 16. The Wharton抯 duct is also known as the Stensen抯 duct.
____ 17. Saliva is a yellow fluid secreted from the salivary glands.
____ 18. The function of the saliva is to moisten and lubricate the oral cavity.
____ 19. Xerostomia is excessive dryness of the mouth.
____ 20. Sublingual glands can empty directly into the mouth through either the duct of Rivinus or ducts of
Bartholin.
Name: ________________________ ID: A
2
____ 21. Saliva is normally odorless and tasteless.
____ 22. A pit or depression found anterior to the mastoid process is the glenoid fossa.
____ 23. The ethmoid bone contains the ethmoid sinuses.
____ 24. The tear ducts pass through the lacrimal bones.
____ 25. The maxilla is the largest of the facial bones.
____ 26. The maxilla is formed by six processes (outgrowths of bone).
____ 27. The nasopalatine foramen is an opening for the infraorbital nerve.
____ 28. The retromandibular vein is frequently formed within the parotid gland.
____ 29. The mandible is composed of two sections of bone joined at the median suture.
Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. The shallow, V-shaped depression in the middle of the upper lip is the ____________.
a. nasolabial groove c. vermillion border
b. ala d. philtrum
____ 2. The small, yellowish glands on the labial mucosa that become more visible with age are named the
_______________.
a. parotid papilla c. Fordyce’s spots
b. vestibule fornix d. sebaceous glands
____ 3. Raised lines of mucosal tissue that extend from the alveolar mucosa through the vestibule to the labial
and buccal mucosa are the ________.
a. rugae c. incisive papilla
b. raphe d. frenum
____ 4. The largest papillae on the tongue are the _________ papillae.
a. foliate c. circumvallate
b. fungiform d. filiform
____ 5. The papillae that are near the base of the tongue are the _________ papillae.
a. foliate c. circumvallate
b. fungiform d. filiform
____ 6. The papillae that give the tongue the “strawberry” look are the ________ papillae.
a. foliate c. circumvallate
b. fungiform d. filiform
____ 7. The papillae covering the dorsal of the tongue are hairlike projections known as _______ papillae.
a. foliate c. circumvallate
b. fungiform d. filiform
Name: ________________________ ID: A
3
____ 8. Excess bone formations that form on the lingual of the mandible are ____________.
a. torus mandibularis c. either a or b
b. torus palatinus d. neither a nor b
____ 9. The largest pair of salivary glands is the ______________.
a. submandibular c. sublingual
b. parotid d. All are the same size.
____ 10. The salivary glands that lie on the inside of the mandible are __________.
a. submandibular c. sublingual
b. parotid d. none of the above
____ 11. The salivary glands that are on the floor of the mouth are __________.
a. submandibular c. sublingual
b. parotid d. none of the above
____ 12. When a person has the mumps, which salivary glands are affected?
a. Submandibular c. Sublingual
b. Parotid d. None of the above
____ 13. Which bone forms the forehead?
a. Frontal c. Occipital
b. Temporal d. Sphenoid
____ 14. The external auditory meatus is in which bone?
a. Frontal c. Occipital
b. Temporal d. Sphenoid
____ 15. The mandible articulates with which cranial bone?
a. Frontal c. Occipital
b. Temporal d. Sphenoid
____ 16. Which bone forms the cheek?
a. Frontal c. Zygomatic
b. Temporal d. Sphenoid
____ 17. The maxillary process that forms the bone that supports the maxillary teeth is the _________.
a. frontal c. palatine
b. alveolar d. zygomatic
____ 18. Of the two projections on the ramus, which is more posterior?
a. Coronoid process c. Sigmoid notch
b. Condyle d. Coronoid notch
____ 19. On the outer side of the mandible, near the premolar area, is the _____________.
a. retromolar area c. external oblique ridge
b. genial tubercles d. mental foramen
____ 20. Behind the molar area is a triangular-shaped area known as the _____________.
a. retromolar area c. external oblique ridge
b. genial tubercles d. mental foramen
____ 21. The sharp, bony projections on the inside of the mandible form the ______________.
a. retromolar area c. external oblique ridge
b. genial tubercles d. mental foramen
Name: ________________________ ID: A
4
____ 22. The TMJ is composed of which bones?
1. Temporal
2. Mandible
3. Zygomatic
4. Meniscus
5. Maxilla
a. 1, 2 c. 1, 2, 4
b. 1, 5 d. 2, 5
____ 23. What provides nourishment and lubrication in the TMJ?
a. Articular disc c. Synovial fluid
b. Articular eminence d. Hinge
____ 24. Another name for the articular disc in the TMJ is the ____________.
a. meniscus c. condyloid process
b. glenoid fossa d. synovial fluid
____ 25. The strongest muscle of mastication is the ____________.
a. temporal c. internal pterygoid
b. masseter d. external pterygoid
____ 26. Which muscle of facial expression is responsible for closing the lips?
a. Buccinator c. Orbicularis oris
b. Mentalis d. Hyoglossus
____ 27. Most of the work of the tongue is done by which muscle?
a. Buccinator c. Hyoglossus
b. Genioglossus d. Styloglossus
____ 28. Which muscle forms the floor of the mouth?
a. Mylohyoid c. Stylohyoid
b. Digastric d. Geniohyoid
____ 29. The neck muscle that is responsible for moving the head backward and laterally is the ____________.
a. sternocleidomastoid c. trapezius
b. platysma d. none of the above
____ 30. The divisions of the trigeminal nerve are ___________.
a. ophthalmic c. mandibular
b. maxillary d. all of the above
____ 31. The branches of the maxillary nerve include:
1. infraorbital
2. pterygopalatine
3. zygomatic
4. buccal
5. inferior alveolar
a. 4, 5 c. 5 only
b. 1, 2, 3 d. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
____ 32. Which tooth is innervated by two different alveolar nerves?
a. Maxillary centrals c. Maxillary 2nd premolars
b. Maxillary cuspids d. Maxillary 1st molars
Name: ________________________ ID: A
5
____ 33. The mandibular nerve branches into the __________.
a. buccal c. inferior alveolar
b. lingual d. all of the above
____ 34. The nerve that innervates the mandibular buccal gingiva and mucosa is the _____________.
a. buccal c. inferior alveolar
b. lingual d. posterior superior alveolar
____ 35. Which nerve innervates the mandibular teeth?
a. Anterior superior alveolar c. Posterior superior alveolar
b. Middle superior alveolar d. Inferior alveolar
____ 36. The lingual nerve innervates the:
1. mandibular lingual gingiva
2. maxillary lingual gingiva
3. floor of the mouth
4. side of the tongue
a. 1, 2, 3, 4 c. 1, 3, 4
b. 1, 2 d. 1, 4
____ 37. The carotid is a(n) ________________________-.
a. vein that carries blood away from the face and neck
b. artery that carries blood to most of the face and neck
c. either a or b
d. neither a nor b
____ 38. The jugular is a(n) _________________.
a. vein that carries blood away from the face and neck
b. artery that carries blood to most of the face and neck
c. either a or b
d. neither a nor b
____ 39. Saliva contents include which of the following?
a. Water d. Digestive enzyme ptyalin
b. Mucin e. All of the above
c. Organic salts
____ 40. Dryness of the mouth may be related to which of the following?
a. Diabetes c. Neither a nor b
b. Radiation d. Both a and b
____ 41. Which of the following are included in the floor of the mouth?
a. Sublingual caruncles c. Sublingual sulcus
b. Sublingual folds d. All of the above
____ 42. The salivary glands that supply the oral cavity include _____________.
a. parotid glands c. sublingual glands
b. submandibular glands d. all of the above
____ 43. The skull is divided into ____ section(s).
a. eight c. fourteen
b. two d. one
Name: ________________________ ID: A
6
____ 44. The temporal bone contains which of the following landmarks?
a. External auditory meatus c. Glenoid fossa
b. Mastoid process d. All of the above
____ 45. The mandible consists of a horseshoe-shaped body that is horizontal, with two vertical extensions called
__________.
a. mandibular notch c. rami
b. maxillary d. mandibular foramen
____ 46. On the body of the mandible near the apex of the premolars is the ___________.
a. mandibular notch c. mental foramen
b. mandible foramen d. lingual foramen
Matching
Match the term with the correct definition.
a. Palatine rugae c. Uvula
b. Incisive papilla d. Palatine raphe
____ 1. Raised area of tissue lying behind the maxillary central incisors
____ 2. Raised line down the middle of the hard palate
____ 3. Horizontal ridges across the anterior portion of the hard palate
____ 4. Soft tissue extension off the back of the soft palate
Match the palatal nerve to the entity it innervates.
a. Nasopalatine c. Greater palatine
b. Lesser palatine
____ 5. Anterior hard palate
____ 6. Soft palate
____ 7. Hard palate as far forward as the cuspids
Match the gland with its function.
a. Also known as Stensen抯 duct
b. Smallest gland which empties through the sublingual caruncles
c. Largest of the salivary glands
d. Size of a walnut; it is located on the inside of the mandible in the posterior area
____ 8. Parotid glands
____ 9. Parotid duct
____ 10. Submandibular glands
____ 11. Ducts of Bartholin
Name: ________________________ ID: A
7
Match the bone to the structure it forms.
a. Forms most of the forehead, the main portion of the roof of the eye socket
b. Forms most of the roof of the skull and the upper half of the sides
c. The opening for the ear
d. Bony projection found on the bottom border of the temporal bone
____ 12. Parietal bones
____ 13. Frontal bone
____ 14. Mastoid process
____ 15. External auditory meatus
Match the description with the structure.
a. A pit or depression found anterior to the mastoid process
b. Sharp projection on the undersurface of the temporal bone
c. Wedge-shaped bone that goes across the skull anterior to the temporal bones
d. Forms part of the nose, orbits of the eyes, and the floor of the cranium.
____ 16. Sphenoid bone
____ 17. Glenoid fossa
____ 18. Ethmoid bone
____ 19. Styloid process
Other
1. Label the following diagram by matching the landmarks to the bones of the face.
ID: A
1
7
Answer Section
TRUE/FALSE
1. ANS: T
The vermillion zone is highly vascular and covered with a thin layer of epithelium.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
2. ANS: T
The labial commissures should be observed for cracks, color changes, and variations in form.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
3. ANS: T
The palate is divided into hard and soft sections.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
4. ANS: T
The mandible consists of a horseshoe-shaped body that is horizontal, with two vertical extensions called
rami.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
5. ANS: F
The horizontal portion of the mandible has a horseshoe-shaped body. The ramus are the vertical
extensions off the horizontal portion.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
6. ANS: T
Saliva contains water, mucin, organic salts, and ptyalin; individual chemical makeup, diet, and
medication use will alter the viscosity of saliva.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
7. ANS: F
There are a number of products such as chewing gums or sprays that can assist a patient with dry mouth.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
ID: A
2
8. ANS: T
This is a sign of TMJ disease.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the parts of the temporomandibular joint disease (TMJ) and describe how the joint works.
TOP: Temporomandibular Joint Disease
9. ANS: T
This may be referred to as a torus (plural is tori).
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
10. ANS: T
These are also called palatoglossal arches.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
11. ANS: T
These are situated between the anterior and posterior tonsillar pillars.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
12. ANS: T
The space in the back of the oral cavity where food passes into the pharynx is the fauces.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
13. ANS: F
These are the sublingual caruncles. The sublingual sulcus is a horseshoe-shaped groove that follows the
curve of the dental arch.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
14. ANS: T
This is a horseshoe-shaped groove that follows the curve of the dental arch.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
15. ANS: T
These lie just below and in front of the ear.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
ID: A
3
16. ANS: F
The parotid duct is also known as the Stensen抯 duct.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
17. ANS: F
Saliva is a clear fluid.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
18. ANS: T
Saliva also serves to moisten food to aid in mastication and swallowing.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
19. ANS: T
This may be caused by diabetes or by the radiation used to treat cancer.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
20. ANS: T
These are the smallest of the salivary glands and are located on the floor of the mouth.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
21. ANS: T
It is also slightly alkaline.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
22. ANS: T
This is the location where the mandible articulates with the skull.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
23. ANS: T
This bone forms part of the nose, orbits, and the floor of the cranium.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
ID: A
4
24. ANS: T
These bones form part of the orbit (corner of the eye).
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
25. ANS: T
The maxilla extends from the floor of each orbit and the floor and exterior walls of the nasal cavity to
form the roof of the mouth.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
26. ANS: F
The maxilla is formed by four processes (outgrowths of bone).
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
27. ANS: F
The nasopalatine foramen is an opening for the nasopalatine nerve.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
28. ANS: T
The retromandibular vein is frequently formed within the parotid gland.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: Identify the arteries and veins of the head and neck.
TOP: Circulation of the Head and Neck
29. ANS: F
The maxilla is composed of two sections of bone joined at the median suture.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. ANS: D
The shallow, V-shaped depression in the middle of the upper lip is the philtrum.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
2. ANS: C
The small, yellowish glands on the labial mucosa that become more visible with age are named the
Fordyce抯 spots.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
ID: A
5
3. ANS: D
Raised lines of mucosal tissue that extend from the alveolar mucosa through the vestibule to the labial
and buccal mucosa are the frenum.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
4. ANS: C
The largest papillae on the tongue are the circumvallate papillae; these are described as mushroom
shaped.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
5. ANS: A
The papillae that are near the base of the tongue are the foliate papillae; these are described as slightly
raised vertical folds of tissue.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
6. ANS: B
The papillae that give the tongue the “strawberry” look are the fungiform papillae.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
7. ANS: D
The papillae covering the dorsal of the tongue are hairlike projections known as filiform papillae.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
8. ANS: A
Excess bone formations that form on the lingual of the mandible are torus mandibularis.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
9. ANS: B
The largest pair of salivary glands is the parotid.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
10. ANS: A
The salivary glands that lie on the inside of the mandible are submandibular. They are about the size of a
walnut.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
ID: A
6
11. ANS: C
The salivary glands that are on the floor of the mouth are sublingual; these are the smallest of the salivary
glands.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
12. ANS: B
When a person has the mumps, the parotid salivary glands are affected. They become swollen and tender
due to infection by a virus.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
13. ANS: A
The frontal bones form the forehead.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
14. ANS: B
The external auditory meatus is a landmark of the temporal bone.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
15. ANS: B
The mandible articulates with the temporal bone.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
16. ANS: C
The zygomatic bone forms the cheek.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
17. ANS: B
The maxillary process that forms the bone that supports the maxillary teeth is the alveolar bone.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
18. ANS: B
The condyle is the projection on the ramus that is more posterior.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
ID: A
7
19. ANS: D
On the outer side of the mandible, near the premolar area, is the mental foramen.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
20. ANS: A
Behind the molar area is a triangular-shaped area known as the retromolar area.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
21. ANS: B
The sharp, bony projections on the inside of the mandible form the genial tubercles.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
22. ANS: A
The TMJ is composed of the temporal and mandible bones.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the parts of the temporomandibular joint disease (TMJ) and describe how the joint works.
TOP: Temporomandibular Joint Disease
23. ANS: C
Synovial fluid provides nourishment and lubrication in the TMJ.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the parts of the temporomandibular joint disease (TMJ) and describe how the joint works.
TOP: Temporomandibular Joint Disease
24. ANS: A
Another name for the articular disc in the TMJ is the meniscus.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the parts of the temporomandibular joint disease (TMJ) and describe how the joint works.
TOP: Temporomandibular Joint Disease
25. ANS: B
The strongest muscle of mastication is the masseter.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the muscles of mastication, facial expression, the floor of the mouth, the tongue,
the throat, the neck, and the shoulders. Explain their function. TOP: Muscles of the Head and Neck
26. ANS: C
The muscle of facial expression responsible for closing the lips is the orbicularis oris.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the muscles of mastication, facial expression, the floor of the mouth, the tongue,
the throat, the neck, and the shoulders. Explain their function. TOP: Muscles of the Head and Neck
ID: A
8
27. ANS: B
Most of the work of the tongue is done by the genioglossus muscle.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the muscles of mastication, facial expression, the floor of the mouth, the tongue,
the throat, the neck, and the shoulders. Explain their function. TOP: Muscles of the Head and Neck
28. ANS: A
The mylohyoid muscle forms the floor of the mouth.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the muscles of mastication, facial expression, the floor of the mouth, the tongue,
the throat, the neck, and the shoulders. Explain their function. TOP: Muscles of the Head and Neck
29. ANS: C
The neck muscle that is responsible for moving the head backward and laterally is the trapezius.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the muscles of mastication, facial expression, the floor of the mouth, the tongue,
the throat, the neck, and the shoulders. Explain their function. TOP: Muscles of the Head and Neck
30. ANS: D
The divisions of the trigeminal nerve are the ophthalmic, maxillary, and mandibular.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List and identify the nerves of the maxilla and
mandible.
TOP: Nerves of the Head and Neck
31. ANS: B
The branches of the maxillary nerve include: the infraorbital, pterygopalatine, and zygomatic nerves.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List and identify the nerves of the maxilla and
mandible.
TOP: Nerves of the Head and Neck
32. ANS: D
The maxillary 1st molars are innervated by two different alveolar nerves.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List and identify the nerves of the maxilla and
mandible.
TOP: Nerves of the Head and Neck
33. ANS: D
The mandibular nerve branches into the buccal, lingual, and inferior alveolar nerves.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List and identify the nerves of the maxilla and
mandible.
TOP: Nerves of the Head and Neck
34. ANS: A
The nerve that innervates the mandibular buccal gingiva and mucosa is the buccal nerve.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List and identify the nerves of the maxilla and
mandible.
TOP: Nerves of the Head and Neck
ID: A
9
35. ANS: D
The inferior alveolar nerve innervates the mandibular teeth.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List and identify the nerves of the maxilla and
mandible.
TOP: Nerves of the Head and Neck
36. ANS: C
The lingual nerve innervates the mandibular lingual gingiva, floor of the mouth, and side of the tongue.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List and identify the nerves of the maxilla and
mandible.
TOP: Nerves of the Head and Neck
37. ANS: B
The carotid is an artery that carries blood to most of the face and neck.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: Identify the arteries and veins of the head and neck.
TOP: Circulation of the Head and Neck
38. ANS: A
The jugular is a vein that carries blood away from the face and neck.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: Identify the arteries and veins of the head and neck.
TOP: Circulation of the Head and Neck
39. ANS: E
Saliva contents include water, mucin, organic salts, and ptyalin.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
40. ANS: D
Dryness of the mouth may be related to diabetes or radiation treatment for cancer.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
41. ANS: D
The sublingual caruncles, sublingual sulcus, and sublingual folds are found in the floor of the mouth.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
42. ANS: D
The salivary glands that supply the oral cavity include the parotid, submandibular, and sublingual glands.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
43. ANS: B
The skull is divided into two sections: the cranium and the face.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
ID: A
10
44. ANS: A
The temporal bone contains a landmark called the external auditory meatus.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
45. ANS: C
The mandible consists of a horseshoe-shaped body that is horizontal, with two vertical extensions called
rami.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
46. ANS: C
On the body of the mandible near the apex of the premolars is the mental foramen.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
MATCHING
1. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
2. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
3. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
4. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
5. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the nerves of the maxilla and mandible. TOP: Nerves of the Head and Neck
6. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the nerves of the maxilla and mandible. TOP: Nerves of the Head and Neck
7. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the nerves of the maxilla and mandible. TOP: Nerves of the Head and Neck
8. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
9. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
10. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
ID: A
11
11. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List and identify the landmarks of the face and oral cavity, including the tongue, floor of the
mouth, and salivary glands. TOP: Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
12. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
13. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
14. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
15. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
16. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
17. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
18. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
19. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head
ID: A
12
OTHER
1. ANS:
See Figure 7-9
a Frontal bone
b Sphenoid bone
c Ethmoid bone
d Lacrimal bone
e Inferior nasal concha
f Vomer bone
g Mental foramen
h Symphysis
i Alveolar process
j Mandible
k Alveolar process
l Maxilla
m Zygomatic bone
n Nasal bone
o Parietal bone
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the bones of the cranium and the face and identify the landmarks on the maxilla and
mandible. TOP: Bones of the Head

 

Name: ________________________ Class: ___________________ Date: __________ ID: A
1
9
True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
____ 1. The first molars erupt before the cuspids.
____ 2. The root and the crown are divided by the cervical line.
____ 3. On the mandibular cuspid, the mesial cusp slope is longer than the distal cusp slope.
____ 4. Deciduous teeth have large pulp chambers; greater care should be given during a coronal polish so as not
to overheat the tooth.
____ 5. In the permanent dentition, the wisdom teeth can also be referred to as the third molar.
Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. The study of the structure and form of the teeth is ____________.
a. tooth morphology c. histology
b. embryology d. none of the above
____ 2. The oral cavity contains how many quadrants?
a. One c. Three
b. Two d. Four
____ 3. How many teeth are found in each arch in the deciduous dentition?
a. 5 c. 10
b. 8 d. 20
____ 4. Place the teeth in the correct order from the midline backward.
1. Lateral
2. Molars
3. Centrals
4. Cuspids
5. Premolars
a. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 c. 2, 5, 4, 1, 3
b. 3, 1, 4, 5, 2 d. 2, 4, 5, 3, 1
____ 5. The adult dentition has on average how many permanent teeth?
a. 5 c. 32
b. 16 d. 20
____ 6. The anterior teeth are from ____________.
a. lateral to lateral c. first premolar to first premolar
b. cuspid to cuspid d. maxillary to mandibular
____ 7. A person’s first tooth usually erupts at about age ____________.
a. 6 months c. 24 months
b. 12 months d. 6 years
Name: ________________________ ID: A
2
____ 8. All deciduous teeth are usually fully erupted by the age of ____________.
a. 1 year c. 3 years
b. 2 years d. 6 years
____ 9. The period of mixed dentition is ______ years.
a. 2 to 3 c. 6 to 12
b. 2 to 6 d. 12 to 21
____ 10. Usually by age ____, all the deciduous teeth have exfoliated.
a. 3 c. 12
b. 6 d. 21
____ 11. The first permanent tooth usually erupts at age ____________.
a. 6 months c. 12 years
b. 6 years d. 21 years
____ 12. Which permanent teeth are not succedaneous?
a. Centrals c. Premolars
b. Cuspids d. Molars
____ 13. The first permanent teeth to erupt are the ____________.
a. mandibular centrals c. maxillary cuspids
b. mandibular first molars d. maxillary centrals
____ 14. The clinical crown is defined as the portion of the tooth ____________.
a. covered with enamel c. visible in the mouth
b. covered with cementum d. visible on a radiograph
____ 15. All teeth have how may surfaces?
a. Two c. Four
b. Three d. Five
____ 16. The tooth surface that is on the tongue side is the ____________.
a. facial c. mesial
b. lingual d. distal
____ 17. The tooth surface that is on the cheek side of the posterior teeth is ____________.
a. buccal c. mesial
b. lingual d. distal
____ 18. The opening in the apical portion of each root is the ____________.
a. buccal groove c. apex
b. cingulum d. apical foramen
____ 19. If a tooth has two roots, it is considered ____________.
a. bifurcated c. concave
b. trifurcated d. none of the above
____ 20. The convex area on the lingual surfaces of the anterior teeth is the ____________.
a. buccal groove c. lingual fossa
b. lingual groove d. cingulum
____ 21. The shallow rounded or angular depression found on tooth surfaces is the ____________.
a. buccal groove c. fossa
b. lingual groove d. cingulum
Name: ________________________ ID: A
3
____ 22. The dividing point of a multirooted tooth is the ____________.
a. grooves c. fossa
b. furcation d. cingulum
____ 23. Three bulges on the incisal edges of newly erupted centrals are the ____________.
a. mamelons c. fossae
b. lingual grooves d. cingula
____ 24. The elevated area of enamel that forms the mesial and distal borders of each tooth is the _______ ridge.
a. transverse c. oblique
b. triangular d. marginal
____ 25. The elevated area of enamel that extends obliquely across the tooth is the ________ ridge.
a. transverse c. oblique
b. triangular d. marginal
____ 26. The union of two triangular ridges that produces one ridge across the occlusal surface is the ________
ridge.
a. transverse c. oblique
b. occlusal d. marginal
____ 27. An elevation of enamel that descends from the cusp into the middle area of the occlusal surface is the
_________ ridge.
a. transverse c. oblique
b. triangular d. marginal
____ 28. Which teeth play an important role in speech?
a. Molars c. Incisors
b. Cuspids d. Premolars
____ 29. Which teeth are sometimes congenitally missing?
a. Maxillary centrals c. Maxillary cuspids
b. Mandibular centrals d. Maxillary laterals
____ 30. Which teeth are often called the “cornerstone of the mouth”?
a. Centrals c. Cuspids
b. First molars d. Laterals
____ 31. Which tooth has the longest root in the maxillary arch?
a. Central c. Cuspid
b. First molar d. Lateral
____ 32. Which premolar has two roots?
a. Maxillary first c. Mandibular first
b. Maxillary second d. Mandibular second
____ 33. Which premolar is often considered for removal for orthodontic treatment?
a. Maxillary first c. Mandibular first
b. Maxillary second d. Mandibular second
____ 34. The tooth that contains the cusp of Carabelli is the ____________.
a. maxillary third molar c. mandibular first molar
b. maxillary first molar d. none of the above
Name: ________________________ ID: A
4
____ 35. The smallest permanent tooth in the dentition is the ____________.
a. maxillary third molar c. mandibular lateral
b. mandibular central d. mandibular third molar
____ 36. Which tooth has a nonfunctioning lingual cusp?
a. Mandibular first premolar c. Mandibular first molar
b. Mandibular second premolar d. Mandibular second molar
____ 37. Which tooth has two pulp canals in one of its roots?
a. Mandibular first premolar c. Mandibular first molar
b. Mandibular second premolar d. Mandibular second molar
____ 38. The tooth that appears to have four equally sized cusps is the
a. Mandibular first premolar c. Mandibular first molar
b. Mandibular second premolar d. Mandibular second molar
____ 39.
Identify the tooth in the illustration above.
a. Maxillary central c. Mandibular central
b. Maxillary lateral d. None of the above
Name: ________________________ ID: A
5
____ 40.
Identify the tooth in the illustration above.
a. Maxillary first molar c. Mandibular first molar
b. Maxillary second molar d. Mandibular second molar
____ 41.
Identify the tooth in the illustration above.
a. Maxillary central c. Mandibular central
b. Mandibular lateral d. None of the above
Name: ________________________ ID: A
6
____ 42.
Identify the tooth in the illustration above.
a. Mandibular first molar c. Mandibular third molar
b. Mandibular second molar d. None of the above
____ 43.
Identify the tooth in the illustration above.
a. Maxillary central c. Mandibular central
b. Maxillary lateral d. None of the above
Name: ________________________ ID: A
7
____ 44.
Identify the tooth in the illustration above.
a. Mandibular second molar c. Mandibular first molar
b. Maxillary second molar d. Maxillary first molar
____ 45.
Identify the tooth in the illustration above.
a. Maxillary second premolar c. Maxillary first premolar
b. Maxillary first molar d. None of the above
____ 46. The teeth in the permanent dentition that are farthest from the midline are the ____________.
a. canines c. first and second molars
b. first and second premolars d. wisdom teeth
____ 47. On the tooth, the ____________ refers to where the proximal side of two teeth come together and touch
(mesial of one and distal of the other).
a. incisal c. contact
b. furcation d. gingival-third
____ 48. ____________ is a developmental groove where decay often initiates this imperfect union.
a. Fossa c. Fissure
b. Cusp of Carabelli d. Embrasure
____ 49. ____________ is a linear depression forming a groove that extends from the middle of the buccal surface
to the occlusal surface of the tooth.
a. Incisal-third c. Buccal groove
b. Developmental groove d. Cingulum
Name: ________________________ ID: A
8
____ 50. A space or gap between the teeth is called a ____________.
a. fissure c. pit
b. diastoma d. bifurcation
____ 51. A tooth that has the characteristics of a buccal cusp and two lingual cusps is termed ____________.
a. bifurcate c. tricanineate
b. bicanineate d. trifurcate
Matching
Match the term with its definition.
a. The dividing point of a multirooted tooth
b. Elevated area of enamel that extends obliquely across the occlusal of the tooth
c. Shallow, linear groove that radiates from the developmental groove
d. Elevated area of enamel that forms the mesial and distal borders of the lingual surface
____ 1. Supplemental groove
____ 2. Marginal ridges
____ 3. Oblique ridge
____ 4. Furcation
ID: A
1
9
Answer Section
TRUE/FALSE
1. ANS: T
The first molars erupt before the cuspids.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain the eruption schedule for the primary and permanent teeth.
TOP: Eruption Schedule
2. ANS: T
The root and the crown are divided by the cervical line. This is where the anatomical crown and the root
join together.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the different divisions of the tooth, including clinical and anatomical divisions.
TOP: Divisions of the Tooth
3. ANS: F
On the mandibular cuspid, the distal cusp slope is longer than the mesial cusp slope.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
4. ANS: T
Deciduous teeth have large pulp chambers; greater care should be given during a coronal polish so as not
to overheat the tooth. Overheating of the tooth may injure the pulp.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each deciduous (primary) tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology,
function, position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Deciduous (Primary) Teeth
5. ANS: T
In the permanent dentition, the wisdom teeth can also be referred to as the third molar.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. ANS: A
The study of the structure and form of the teeth is tooth morphology.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Identify the dental arches and quadrants using the correct terminology.
TOP: Introduction
ID: A
2
2. ANS: D
The oral cavity contains four quadrants.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Identify the dental arches and quadrants using the correct terminology.
TOP: Dental Quadrants
3. ANS: C
There are 10 teeth in each arch in the deciduous dentition.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Identify the dental arches and quadrants using the correct terminology.
TOP: Dental Arches
4. ANS: B
From the midline backward, the teeth are ordered as follows:
– Centrals
– Lateral
– Cuspids
– Premolars
– Molars
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the dental arches and quadrants using the correct terminology.
TOP: Dental Quadrants
5. ANS: C
The adult dentition has on average 32 permanent teeth.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Identify the dental arches and quadrants using the correct terminology.
TOP: Types of Teeth and Their Functions
6. ANS: B
The anterior teeth are from cuspid to cuspid.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Identify the dental arches and quadrants using the correct terminology.
TOP: Dental Arches
7. ANS: A
A person’s first tooth usually erupts at about age 6 months.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain the eruption schedule for the primary and permanent teeth.
TOP: Eruption Schedule
8. ANS: C
All deciduous teeth are usually fully erupted by the age of 3 years.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain the eruption schedule for the primary and permanent teeth.
TOP: Eruption Schedule
ID: A
3
9. ANS: C
The period of mixed dentition is 6 to 12 years.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain the eruption schedule for the primary and permanent teeth.
TOP: Eruption Schedule
10. ANS: C
Usually by age 12, all the deciduous teeth have exfoliated.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain the eruption schedule for the primary and permanent teeth.
TOP: Eruption Schedule
11. ANS: B
The first permanent tooth usually erupts at age 6 years.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain the eruption schedule for the primary and permanent teeth.
TOP: Eruption Schedule
12. ANS: D
The molars are permanent teeth that are not succedaneous.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Identify the dental arches and quadrants using the correct terminology.
TOP: Types of Teeth and Their Functions
13. ANS: B
The first permanent teeth to erupt are the mandibular first molars.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Explain the eruption schedule for the primary and permanent teeth.
TOP: Eruption Schedule
14. ANS: C
The clinical crown is defined as the portion of the tooth visible in the mouth.
PTS: 1 DIF: E
OBJ: Identify the different divisions of the tooth, including clinical and anatomical divisions.
TOP: Divisions of the Tooth
15. ANS: D
All teeth have five surfaces.
PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: Identify the surfaces of each tooth and their locations.
TOP: Surfaces of the Teeth
16. ANS: B
The tooth surface that is on the tongue side is the lingual surface.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: Identify the surfaces of each tooth and their locations.
TOP: Surfaces of the Teeth
17. ANS: A
The tooth surface that is on the cheek side of the posterior teeth is the buccal surface.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: Identify the surfaces of each tooth and their locations.
TOP: Surfaces of the Teeth
ID: A
4
18. ANS: D
The opening in the apical portion of each root is the apical foramen.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the anatomical structures and their definitions.
TOP: Anatomical Structures
19. ANS: A
If a tooth has two roots, it is considered bifurcated.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the anatomical structures and their definitions.
TOP: Anatomical Structures
20. ANS: D
The convex area on the lingual surfaces of the anterior teeth is the cingulum.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the anatomical structures and their definitions.
TOP: Anatomical Structures
21. ANS: C
The shallow rounded or angular depression found on tooth surfaces is the fossa.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the anatomical structures and their definitions.
TOP: Anatomical Structures
22. ANS: B
The dividing point of a multirooted tooth is the furcation.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the anatomical structures and their definitions.
TOP: Anatomical Structures
23. ANS: A
Three bulges on the incisal edges of newly erupted centrals are the mamelons.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the anatomical structures and their definitions.
TOP: Anatomical Structures
24. ANS: D
The elevated area of enamel that forms the mesial and distal borders of each tooth is the marginal ridge.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the anatomical structures and their definitions.
TOP: Anatomical Structures
25. ANS: C
The elevated area of enamel that extends obliquely across the tooth is the oblique ridge.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the anatomical structures and their definitions.
TOP: Anatomical Structures
26. ANS: A
The union of two triangular ridges that produces one ridge across the occlusal surface is the transverse
ridge.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the anatomical structures and their definitions.
TOP: Anatomical Structures
27. ANS: B
An elevation of enamel that descends from the cusp into the middle area of the occlusal surface is the
triangular ridge.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the anatomical structures and their definitions.
TOP: Anatomical Structures
ID: A
5
28. ANS: C
The incisors play an important role in speech.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
29. ANS: D
The maxillary laterals are sometimes congenitally missing.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
30. ANS: C
The cuspids are often called the “cornerstone of the mouth.”
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
31. ANS: C
The cuspid has the longest root in the maxillary arch.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
32. ANS: A
The maxillary first premolar has two roots.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
33. ANS: A
The maxillary first premolar is often considered for removal for orthodontic treatment.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
34. ANS: B
The tooth that contains the cusp of Carabelli is the maxillary first molar.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
35. ANS: B
The smallest permanent tooth in the dentition is the mandibular central.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
ID: A
6
36. ANS: A
The mandibular first premolar has a nonfunctioning lingual cusp.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
37. ANS: C
The mandibular first molar has two pulp canals in one of its roots.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
38. ANS: D
The mandibular second molar appears to have four equally sized cusps.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
39. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
40. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
41. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
42. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
43. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
44. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
45. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
46. ANS: D
The teeth in the permanent dentition that are farthest from the midline are the wisdom teeth.
PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: Describe each permanent tooth according to location, anatomical features, morphology, function,
position, and other identifying factors. TOP: Permanent Teeth Descriptions
47. ANS: C
On the tooth, the contact refers to where the proximal side of two teeth come together and touch (mesial
of one and distal of the other).
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the anatomical structures and their definitions.
TOP: Anatomical Structures
ID: A
7
48. ANS: C
A developmental groove where decay often initiates an imperfect union is called a fissure.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the anatomical structures and their definitions.
TOP: Anatomical Structures
49. ANS: C
A linear depression forming a groove that extends from the middle of the buccal surface to the occlusal
surface of the tooth is called the buccal groove.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the anatomical structures and their definitions.
TOP: Anatomical Structures
50. ANS: B
A space or gap between the teeth is called a diastoma.
PTS: 1 DIF: M OBJ: List the anatomical structures and their definitions.
TOP: Anatomical Structures
51. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the anatomical structures and their definitions. TOP: Anatomical Structures
MATCHING
1. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the anatomical structures and their definitions. TOP: Anatomical Structures
2. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the anatomical structures and their definitions. TOP: Anatomical Structures
3. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the anatomical structures and their definitions. TOP: Anatomical Structures
4. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: M
OBJ: List the anatomical structures and their definitions. TOP: Anatomical Structures