Governing Texas 2nd Edition by Anthony Champagne – Test Bank

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INSTANT DOWNLOAD COMPLETE TEST BANK WITH ANSWERS

 

Governing Texas 2nd Edition by Anthony Champagne – Test Bank

 

Sample  Questions

 

Chapter 3: Texas in the Federal System

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. The Supreme Court in Shelby County v. Holder (2013) ruled all of the following EXCEPT that
a. the coverage formula used to determine which jurisdiction had engaged in egregious voting decisions was outdated.
b. the outdated coverage formula was an intrusion on states’ rights.
c. Congress must update the coverage formula.
d. states were now free to pass laws affecting voting without Justice Department approval.
e. Texas had to rewrite its voter ID law.

 

 

ANS:  E                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Understanding Federalism

OBJ:   Understand federalism                   STA:   2                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. ________ percent of the world’s population lives in the countries that are organized around a federal principle where there is a national government and regional government.
a. Ten d. Forty
b. Twenty e. Ninety
c. Thirty

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Understanding Federalism

OBJ:   Understand federalism                   STA:   2                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. Congress gained the power to tax income through
a. the Seventeenth Amendment. d. the Sixteenth Amendment.
b. the Tenth Amendment. e. coercive federalism.
c. the New Deal.

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Understanding Federalism

OBJ:   Understand federalism                   STA:   2                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Both federal and state governments obtain sovereignty directly from
a. the Treaty of Versailles. d. block grants.
b. the consent of the people. e. the Divine Right of Kings.
c. the Declaration of Independence.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Understanding Federalism

OBJ:   Understand federalism                   STA:   2                    MSC:  Evaluating

 

  1. A defining characteristic of federalism is that
a. rather than being held exclusively or primarily by one body, governing authority is divided at different levels among several bodies.
b. the federal government wields ultimate authority in all matters.
c. state governments can nullify the exercise of unpopular federal laws within their own states’ boundaries.
d. state governments exist primarily to enact laws established by the national government.
e. the federal government cannot pass any laws without the explicit consent of the majority of state governments.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Understanding Federalism

OBJ:   Understand federalism                   STA:   2                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Which amendment was commonly referred to as the States’ Rights Amendment?
a. the Tenth Amendment d. the Sixteenth Amendment
b. the Seventeenth Amendment e. the Ninth Amendment
c. the Nineteenth Amendment

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Understanding Federalism

OBJ:   Understand federalism                   STA:   2                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. During the Nullification Crisis in 1833, South Carolina tried to assert the right to veto (or

nullify)

a. national legislation passed by Congress.
b. actions taken by the North Carolina and Georgia militias.
c. Supreme Court rulings.
d. presidential cabinet appointments.
e. terms of office for U.S. senators and representatives.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Understanding Federalism

OBJ:   Understand federalism                   STA:   2                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. In the Supreme Court case McCulloch v. Maryland (1819), Chief Justice John Marshall argued that
a. state governments had the power and the duty to protect their citizens from onerous federal legislation.
b. although the federal government could create a national bank, it could not shield the bank’s branches from taxation by the governments of the states in which the branches were located.
c. although a national bank would have been an effective means with which the federal government could regulate the economy, it was not the only means available and therefore did not meet the requirement of the “necessary and proper clause.”
d. the federal government had the right to charter a national bank, and that state governments had no right to impede its functions through taxation.
e. the will of the people, as expressed through the actions of their state governments, must always take precedence over the whims of the more distant national governing officials.

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Understanding Federalism

OBJ:   Understand federalism                   STA:   2                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. In his famous landmark cases, Chief Justice John Marshall generally
a. supported the authority of the federal government over that of state governments.
b. enhanced the power of state governments over that of the federal government.
c. maintained that the powers of the state and federal governments were identical and inseparable.
d. held that no restraints could be placed on a government that derived its authority from the consent of the majority of its citizens.
e. contended that the Supreme Court had no authority to adjudicate in interstate or intrastate affairs.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Understanding Federalism

OBJ:   Understand federalism                   STA:   2                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. In the case of Gibbons v. Ogden (1824), the Supreme Court decided that
a. states retained full authority to regulate commerce within their own borders and among their immediate neighbors.
b. the federal government had authority to regulate only international commerce, not interstate commerce.
c. the federal government had authority to regulate only interstate commerce, not international commerce.
d. the federal government’s authority to regulate international and interstate commerce bestowed on it some power to regulate intrastate commerce.
e. the federal government’s limited ability to regulate interstate commerce was sharply curtailed by a narrow definition of “commerce.”

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Understanding Federalism

OBJ:   Understand federalism                   STA:   2                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. Which Supreme Court case in 1869 voted Texas’s secession from the Union?
a. Texas v. White d. Texas v. Perry
b. Texas v. Marshall e. Texas v. Wilson
c. Texas v. Chase

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Understanding Federalism

OBJ:   Understand federalism                   STA:   2                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. According to the Tenth Amendment, any powers not delegated to the national government by the Constitution
a. can be claimed by the national government as necessary.
b. belong exclusively to the people.
c. belong exclusively to the states.
d. are denied to both the national government and the states.
e. belong to either the people or the state.

 

 

ANS:  E                    DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Understanding Federalism

OBJ:   Understand federalism                   STA:   2                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. Which of the following styles of federalism characterized the immediate pre–Civil War era?
a. creative federalism d. devolution
b. dual federalism e. cooperative federalism
c. new federalism

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Dual Federalism

OBJ:   Trace the major changes in national and state power over time

STA:   2                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. To which court case did the U.S. Supreme Court apply the dual federalism perspective when it ruled that state officers did not have to pay a federal income tax because such a tax would interfere with the autonomy of states?
a. Collector v. Day
b. Gibbons v. Ogden
c. Texas v. White
d. McCulloch v. Maryland
e. New State Ice Company v. Liebmann

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Dual Federalism

OBJ:   Trace the major changes in national and state power over time

STA:   2                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Dual federalism is also known as
a. layer-cake federalism. d. marble-cake federalism.
b. cooperative federalism. e. New Federalism.
c. coercive federalism.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Dual Federalism

OBJ:   Trace the major changes in national and state power over time

STA:   2                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. Under the New Deal, federalism is frequently described as
a. New Federalism. d. dual federalism.
b. coercive federalism. e. layer-cake federalism.
c. cooperative federalism.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Dual Federalism

OBJ:   Trace the major changes in national and state power over time

STA:   2                    MSC:  Evaluating

 

  1. For eligible participants, the Social Security Act of 1935 instituted all of the following EXCEPT
a. a national retirement pension for the elderly.
b. unemployment insurance for the unemployed.
c. universal health care for all Americans.
d. aid for the blind and disabled.
e. aid for impoverished elderly persons.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Dual Federalism

OBJ:   Trace the major changes in national and state power over time

STA:   2                    MSC:  Evaluating

 

  1. During which of the following president’s administration did the federal government’s power, especially with regard to the economy, increase the most?
a. Theodore Roosevelt d. Franklin Roosevelt
b. Woodrow Wilson e. Ronald Reagan
c. Andrew Jackson

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Dual Federalism

OBJ:   Trace the major changes in national and state power over time

STA:   2                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. In Wickard v. Filburn, the Supreme Court decided that
a. Congress had improperly used the interstate commerce clause.
b. Congress had no authority to regulate commerce.
c. not only could Congress regulate interstate commerce but it could regulate anything that affected prices and market conditions.
d. Roscoe Filburn was right and he was to be paid $117.11 by the federal government.
e. the New Deal was not subject to any constitutional limitations.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Dual Federalism

OBJ:   Trace the major changes in national and state power over time

STA:   2                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. The use of block grants, allowing states considerable leeway in how federal money is spent, was championed by President ________ under the name New Federalism.
a. Clinton d. Nixon
b. Wilson e. Obama
c. Johnson

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Dual Federalism

OBJ:   Trace the major changes in national and state power over time

STA:   2                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. A federal program that gives a state government federal funds to address a specific need but gives the state wide latitude in deciding how the funds will be spent is known as a(n)
a. categorical grant. d. formula grant.
b. block grant. e. unfunded mandate.
c. program grant.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Dual Federalism

OBJ:   Trace the major changes in national and state power over time

STA:   2                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Which of the following requires state governments to spend their own money to meet standards imposed on them by the federal government?
a. categorical grants d. formula grants
b. block grants e. unfunded mandates
c. program grants

 

 

ANS:  E                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Coercive Federalism

OBJ:   Describe the sources of national and state power as they relate to federalism today

STA:   2                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. The supremacy clause, stipulated in Article VI of the Constitution, holds that
a. in a conflict between federal and state laws, the former will override the latter.
b. in the federal system established by the Constitution, the true source of sovereignty is in the people.
c. federal laws will be supreme in the national sphere and state laws will be supreme in local affairs.
d. as a sovereign institution, the only limits that the federal government need obey are ones that it establishes for itself.
e. despite temporarily sacrificing certain powers to the federal government, the state governments remain sovereign entities.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Coercive Federalism

OBJ:   Describe the sources of national and state power as they relate to federalism today

STA:   2                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. In general, Governor Perry’s position on Obamacare
a. is that it is an unconstitutional, overly broad exercise of Congress’ power to regulate interstate commerce.
b. is that it is fully supported under the interstate commerce clause.
c. is that it is justified under the precedent set in Wickard v. Filburn (1942).
d. is that it can be properly defended under the Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
e. remains unclear, as Governor Perry generally takes a pragmatic approach to social legislation and withholds judgment, depending upon the program’s effectiveness.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Coercive Federalism

OBJ:   Describe the sources of national and state power as they relate to federalism today

STA:   2                    MSC:  Evaluating

 

  1. Until a national database was created, background checks under the Brady Act were

suspended following the Supreme Court’s ruling in

a. United States v. Lopez. d. South Dakota v. Dole.
b. Gonzales v. Raich. e. Wickard v. Filburn.
c. Printz v. United States.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Coercive Federalism

OBJ:   Describe the sources of national and state power as they relate to federalism today

STA:   2                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. Which of the following theories about the applicability of the Bill of Rights to the states can be said to have emerged victorious?
a. the “No Incorporation” theory
b. the “Selective Incorporation” theory
c. the “Total Incorporation” theory
d. the “Total Incorporation Plus” theory
e. the  “Partial Incorporation” theory

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Coercive Federalism

OBJ:   Describe the sources of national and state power as they relate to federalism today

STA:   2                    MSC:  Evaluating

 

  1. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
a. invalidated the state-imposed racial segregation in Texas.
b. validated the election of State Board of Education members.
c. overturned the Brown v. Board of Education U.S. Supreme Court case of 1954.
d. was reinforced by Edgewood ISD v. Kirby.
e. validated the Texas state-imposed racial segregation in public schools.

 

 

ANS:  E                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Coercive Federalism

OBJ:   Describe the sources of national and state power as they relate to federalism today

STA:   2                    MSC:  Evaluating

 

  1. The legal doctrine at issue in the Plessy v. Ferguson case is the
a. separate but equal doctrine. d. supremacy clause.
b. privileges and immunities clause. e. doctrine of eminent domain.
c. hold and save harmless doctrine.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Coercive Federalism

OBJ:   Describe the sources of national and state power as they relate to federalism today

STA:   2                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. The U.S. Supreme Court overturned Plessy v. Ferguson in
a. Gilmer v. Aikin. d. Roe v. Wade.
b. San Antonio v. Rodriguez. e. Brown v. Board of Education.
c. Edgewood ISD v. Kirby.

 

 

ANS:  E                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Coercive Federalism

OBJ:   Describe the sources of national and state power as they relate to federalism today

STA:   2                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. In the Brown v. Board of Education case, segregated school districts were ordered to
a. double the funding for African American integrated schools.
b. desegregate their schools within the next 10 years.
c. desegregate their schools with all deliberate speed.
d. appoint a commission to study the Texas school system and make recommendations to the governor.
e. redraw school district lines to improve funding for all schools on a more equitable basis.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Coercive Federalism

OBJ:   Describe the sources of national and state power as they relate to federalism today

STA:   2                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. In Plyler v. Doe, the Supreme Court held that Texas may not deny a free public education to the children of illegal aliens. How did the Court justify its decisions?
a. The statute lacked a rational basis.
b. Alienage is a suspect classification and Texas could not show it had a compelling interest.
c. Education is a fundamental right and Texas could not show that the statute was narrowly tailored.
d. The Court held for the aliens on procedural grounds.
e. The Court found that funding for schools came from both the state and federal governments and it was based on the number of students enrolled.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Coercive Federalism

OBJ:   Describe the sources of national and state power as they relate to federalism today

STA:   2                    MSC:  Evaluating

 

  1. ________ provide(s) states constitutional protections that go above rights guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution.
a. The Fourteenth Amendment d. The Tenth Amendment
b. The Fifteenth Amendment e. Intermediate standard of review
c. Independent state grounds

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Coercive Federalism

OBJ:   Describe the sources of national and state power as they relate to federalism today

STA:   2                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. As federal regulations became more intrusive, forcing states to change their policies in order to meet national goals, some people began calling our system a ________ federalism.
a. sovereign d. coercive
b. dual e. utopian
c. progressive

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Coercive Federalism

OBJ:   Describe the sources of national and state power as they relate to federalism today

STA:   2                    MSC:  Evaluating

 

TRUE/FALSE

 

  1. Federal laws provide the regulation for birth, death, marriage, divorce, and most crime and punishment.

 

ANS:  F                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Understanding Federalism

OBJ:   Understand federalism                   STA:   2                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. The Constitution was created out of a fear of disunity.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Understanding Federalism

OBJ:   Understand federalism                   STA:   2                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Under the Articles of Confederation, states played a primary role in governing Americans, while the national government had very limited powers.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Understanding Federalism

OBJ:   Understand federalism                   STA:   2                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. During the Nullification Crisis of 1833, South Carolina and several northern states attempted to nullify key provisions of Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s New Deal.

 

ANS:  F                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Understanding Federalism

OBJ:   Understand federalism                   STA:   2                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. The Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution prevents state governments from imposing cruel and unusual punishments.

 

ANS:  F                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Understanding Federalism

OBJ:   Understand federalism                   STA:   2                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. Replacing the Articles of Confederation in 1787, the new U.S. Constitution allowed both the federal government and state governments to retain significant measures of sovereignty.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Understanding Federalism

OBJ:   Understand federalism                   STA:   2                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. The Great Depression of 1929 was the catalyst that led many Americans to support the New Deal.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Understanding Federalism

OBJ:   Understand federalism                   STA:   2                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. The Tenth Amendment is also known as the states’ rights amendment.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Understanding Federalism

OBJ:   Understand federalism                   STA:   2                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. One advantage that a federal system has over a highly centralized government is that it allows states to experiment with ways to improve public policy.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Dual Federalism

OBJ:   Trace the major changes in national and state power over time

STA:   2                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. New Federalism was President Richard Nixon’s attempt to give individual states greater control over how they spent federal money.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Coercive Federalism

OBJ:   Describe the sources of national and state power as they relate to federalism today

STA:   2                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. Unfunded mandates requiring states to meet federal guidelines without financial support are associated with coercive federalism.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Coercive Federalism

OBJ:   Describe the sources of national and state power as they relate to federalism today

STA:   2                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. Unfunded mandates infringe upon state sovereignty.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Coercive Federalism

OBJ:   Describe the sources of national and state power as they relate to federalism today

STA:   2                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. The Fifteenth Amendment gives states leeway to expand the rights of their citizens.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Coercive Federalism

OBJ:   Describe the sources of national and state power as they relate to federalism today

STA:   2                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Texas rejected the Equal Rights Amendment.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Coercive Federalism

OBJ:   Describe the sources of national and state power as they relate to federalism today

STA:   2                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. As of late April 2013, Attorney General Greg Abbot sued the Obama administration twice.

 

ANS:  F                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Coercive Federalism

OBJ:   Describe the sources of national and state power as they relate to federalism today

STA:   2                    MSC:  Remembering

 

ESSAY

 

  1. Analyze why we have our particular form of federalism, including the alternatives and their advantages and disadvantages.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Understanding Federalism              OBJ:   Understand federalism

STA:   2                    MSC:  Evaluating

 

  1. What are some advantages that our federal form of government has over a strong national government in a highly centralized system? What are some disadvantages of a federal system like ours?

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Understanding Federalism              OBJ:   Understand federalism

STA:   2                    MSC:  Evaluating

 

  1. Analyze the ways the Constitution divides power between federal and state governments.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Understanding Federalism              OBJ:   Understand federalism

STA:   2                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. Describe the Supreme Court’s position of federalism from the founding of the republic to the present day. What landmark cases have been most influential in shaping federal-state relations? Has the Supreme Court’s position changed frequently, or has its stance been generally consistent, despite a few anomalous periods?

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Coercive Federalism

OBJ:   Describe the sources of national and state power as they relate to federalism today

STA:   2                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. Describe the character of federal-state relations today. How much influence does the federal government wield over the states? What tools can it use to coerce state compliance with federal measures?  What means do states have to resist federal initiatives?

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Coercive Federalism

OBJ:   Describe the sources of national and state power as they relate to federalism today

STA:   2                    MSC:  Analyzing

Chapter 5: Elections in Texas

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. Wendy Davis had an uphill battle to win the Texas governor’s race because
a. she appealed to suburban and urban liberal voters.
b. she won the Latino vote in the Rio Grande Valley.
c. her personal story was riddled with inconsistencies.
d. she won the pro-choice Latino votes.
e. she had the endorsement of Reynaldo Madrigal.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. Why should it matter who is elected governor?
a. The governor of Texas has national stature.
b. The governor has the power to set the agenda.
c. The governor has the power to veto legislation.
d. The governor has the power to influence public policy in the state.
e. All of the above.

 

 

ANS:  E                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. In Texas, primary elections are usually held in
a. March. d. August.
b. April. e. November.
c. May.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Runoff primaries are generally held
a. the day after the party primary.
b. the second Tuesday in August.
c. the second Tuesday in April.
d. thirty days before the general election.
e. thirty days after the party primary.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. The purpose of a(n) ________ is to allow any registered voter to cast a ballot in either primary, but not both. There are no party restrictions.
a. primary election d. open primary
b. runoff primary e. closed primary
c. split primary

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. What is the purpose of a primary election?
a. to select a party’s candidate for the general election
b. to select a party’s delegates for the state convention
c. to select precinct chairs throughout the state
d. to select a party’s delegates for the precinct convention
e. to elect candidates directly to office

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. The general election is held the first
a. Monday in November of even-numbered years.
b. Tuesday following the first Monday in November of even-numbered years.
c. Tuesday following the first Monday in November of odd-numbered years.
d. Monday in November of odd-numbered years.
e. Tuesday in January of odd-numbered years.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Major state officials are elected in nonpresidential years because
a. it is possible that independent and minor party candidates also appear on general election ballots.
b. it prevents popular presidential candidates from influencing the outcomes of Texas races.
c. it allows popular Republican presidential candidates to draw more than the usual number of Republican votes.
d. it increases voter turnout.
e. it decreases voter turnout.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. In Texas, special elections are held for all of the following reasons EXCEPT to
a. give approval to borrow money.
b. ratify amendments to the Texas Constitution.
c. fill vacancies in office.
d. allow government agencies to undertake long-term debt.
e. impeach a corrupt politician.

 

 

ANS:  E                    DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. Kinky Friedman and Carole Keeton Strayhorn ran for governor as ________ in 2006.
a. Republicans d. Reform Party candidates
b. Democrats e. independents
c. Tea Party candidates

 

 

ANS:  E                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. For an independent candidate to get on the ballot in Texas, which requirement must they meet?
a. He or she must obtain signatures on a petition from registered voters. The signatures must equal 30 percent of the total votes in the last governor’s race.
b. He or she must gain petition signatures from registered voters who did not previously participate in any political party primary election.
c. He or she must begin collecting signatures before the major party primaries are held.
d. They must convince voters who have signed other candidate’s petitions to switch to their petition.
e. He or she must hold a party convention and adopt a party platform.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   7                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. Which statement concerning women’s suffrage is correct?
a. Women were given the right to vote in the original Constitution of 1876.
b. The Texas Constitution was amended in 1899 to permit women to vote.
c. Women were permitted to vote in all elections in Texas with the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
d. Women were given full suffrage rights in Texas in 1932.
e. Texas was the last state to allow women to vote.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. Women were given the right to vote in the United States with the passage of the
a. Voting Rights Act of 1965.
b. Fifteenth Amendment.
c. Nineteenth Amendment.
d. U.S. Supreme Court decision Newberry v. United States.
e. Civil Rights Act of 1964.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Texas was the first state in the South to
a. impose a poll tax.
b. ratify the women’s suffrage amendment.
c. elect a black governor.
d. elect a Latino governor.
e. join the Confederacy.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. The poll tax disenfranchised
a. farmers. d. Hispanic people.
b. poor people. e. women.
c. Black people.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Evaluating

 

  1. The poll tax was made illegal in federal elections in ________ but remained legal in state elections in Texas until ________.
a. 1966; 1964 d. 1964; 1966
b. 1902; 1966 e. 1964; 1971
c. 1902; 1964

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. Which of the following was NOT regularly used in Texas as a method of disenfranchising many minorities before the 1960s?
a. the white primary
b. early registration
c. poll taxes
d. the Jaybird primary
e. the requirement of a federal citizenship test

 

 

ANS:  E                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. A ________ was a tax charged to voters as a prerequisite for registration.
a. registration tax d. poll tax
b. voter tax e. ballot fee
c. registration fee

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. The poll tax was made illegal in federal elections with the passage of the
a. Voting Rights Act of 1965. d. Civil Rights Act of 1964.
b. Nineteenth Amendment. e. Fifteenth Amendment.
c. Twenty-Fourth Amendment.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. What is the significance of the Supreme Court case Smith v. Allwright?
a. The Court declared the use of literacy tests a violation of the equal protection clause.
b. The case compelled Texas to integrate Hispanic students into “whites only” public schools.
c. It announced that in primary elections states could not restrict voters on account of race.
d. It restricted the use of closed primaries.
e. The Court declared the use of poll taxes a violation of the equal protection clause.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Evaluating

 

  1. In ________ the U.S. Supreme court held that the state executive committees were acting as agents of the state and were discriminating in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment.
a. Nixon v. Condon d. Smith v. Allwright
b. Grovey v. Townsend e. Terry v. Adams
c. Newberry v. United States

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Which offshoot Democratic party preselected candidates for the Democratic primary and prohibited African Americans from participating?
a. the La Raza Unida d. the Shivercrats
b. the Ku Klux Klan e. the Dixiecrats
c. the Jaybird Party

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. The most important federal law involved in the expansion of the franchise in Texas was the
a. Civil Rights Act of 1964.
b. passage of the Fifteenth Amendment.
c. One-Person, One-Vote Act of 1972.
d. Voting Rights Act of 1965.
e. Motor Voter Act of 1993.

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. The Voting Rights Act has been renewed several times since 1965, and new provisions have been added since then. For example,
a. bilingual ballots are now required in certain areas where more than 5 percent of voters speak another language.
b. a current form of photo identification is now required to vote.
c. proof of residency is now required to vote.
d. proof of American citizenship is now required to vote.
e. proof that one is at least 18 years of age is now required to vote.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT a requirement to vote in Texas?
a. U.S. citizenship
b. being at least 18 years of age
c. being a resident of Texas
d. being a resident of the county for 30 days
e. property ownership

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. In what case did the Supreme Court rule that a key section of the Voting Rights Act was unconstitutional, which affects a key provision requiring Texas to have its new districts approved by the U.S. Department of Justice?
a. Shelby County v. Holder d. Texas v. Holder
b. Shelby County v. Obama e. Abbott v. Holder
c. Smith v. Allwright

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. The Motor Voter Act of 1993
a. allows states to offer voters “drive-through” voting booths.
b. allows citizens to register to vote while applying for a driver’s license.
c. restricts one’s right to vote because of unpaid traffic tickets.
d. was declared unconstitutional by the Texas Supreme Court.
e. allows only citizens with valid Texas driver’s licenses to register to vote.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. Approximately what percentage of the state’s voting-age population is registered to vote?
a. 40 percent d. 70 percent
b. 55 percent e. 80 percent
c. 60 percent

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Highly partisan legislation passed in 2011 now requires Texans to
a. vote in only one party primary.
b. provide photo identification when voting.
c. register 60 days before the general election.
d. pass an English language competency test before voting.
e. show their birth certificates before voting.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. Historically, Texans rank in the ________ in terms of national voter participation.
a. bottom third d. top half
b. top third e. bottom quarter
c. bottom half

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. In Texas, the ________ Party usually experiences higher voter turnout than the ________ Party.
a. Republican; Democratic d. Reform; Republican
b. Democratic; Republican e. Independent; Democratic
c. Reform; Democratic

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. Which of the following statements is NOT a possible explanation for why Texas currently has low voter turnout?
a. Texas has so many elections that voters are often overwhelmed with elections and candidates.
b. The Texas political culture has been one in which elites have discouraged voting.
c. The average age of Texans is younger than the national average, and younger voters are less likely to vote.
d. The residency requirement for new voters is six months.
e. Texas has weak political parties.

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. The two most important factors that determine whether someone votes are
a. age and income level. d. ethnicity and age.
b. income level and education. e. age and education.
c. education and ethnicity.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. In which of the following elections is voter turnout the highest?
a. presidential elections d. runoff elections
b. gubernatorial general elections e. primary elections
c. off-year congressional elections

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. According to political scientist Daniel Elazar, Texas’s political culture is traditionalist and
a. individualistic. d. communal.
b. moralistic. e. innovative.
c. socialistic.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. Early voting increases the polling period from 12 hours to
a. 2 weeks. d. 30 days.
b. 2 days. e. 60 days.
c. 4 weeks.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Early voting in Texas has been shown to produce ________ in voter turnout.
a. a modest increase d. a drastic drop
b. a significant increase e. no discernible change
c. a modest drop

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. The process of ________ involves recalculating how many congressional districts each state will receive based on the state’s population.
a. redistricting d. census taking
b. reapportionment e. polarization
c. preclearance

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. In Texas, ________ is/are responsible for redistricting.
a. the governor d. county courts at law
b. the legislature e. precinct captains
c. the courts

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Redistricting in Texas occurs
a. every 10 years. d. after a new governor is elected.
b. every 4 years. e. after each legislative session.
c. after every general election.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. One possible solution to reforming redistricting in Texas is to
a. allow the courts to redraw the districts.
b. allow the governor to appoint a commission to redraw the districts.
c. take the process away from the legislature.
d. take the process away from the precinct captains.
e. allow the county courts at law to redraw the districts.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. The procedure by which certain states, such as Texas, are required to obtain approval every time they make changes to districts is called
a. redistricting. d. external validation.
b. reapportionment. e. judicial review.
c. preclearance.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Preclearance is required by the
a. Texas Constitution.
b. Voting Rights Act of 1965.
c. U.S. Constitution.
d. U.S. Supreme Court, as in the case of Smith v. Allwright.
e. Texas legislature.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. ________ is the traditional start of the general election campaign in Texas.
a. Independence Day d. Halloween
b. Memorial Day e. Thanksgiving
c. Labor Day

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. All of the following are modern-day tactics for preventing certain groups from voting EXCEPT
a. the presence of broken or malfunctioning voting machines.
b. voter intimidation.
c. reducing the number of polling places in certain areas.
d. canceling an election at the last minute.
e. providing misleading information to voters.

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. In Texas elections, the ________ play(s) the largest role in running campaigns.
a. national party d. media
b. state party e. local party
c. candidates

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Campaigns

OBJ:   Present the main features of election campaigns in Texas         STA:    6

MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. Campaigns attempt to reach voters through all of the following EXCEPT
a. print and electronic media.
b. door-to-door campaigning.
c. involvement in high-profile litigation.
d. telephone solicitation.
e. mailed campaign fliers and information.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Campaigns

OBJ:   Present the main features of election campaigns in Texas         STA:    6

MSC:  Applying

 

  1. There is no question that ________ is/are important for candidate success in Texas.
a. the media d. negative campaigning
b. money e. televised debates
c. face-to-face encounters

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Campaigns

OBJ:   Present the main features of election campaigns in Texas         STA:    6

MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Name recognition often gives ________ a distinct advantage in Texas elections.
a. Republicans d. wealthy challengers
b. Democrats e. women
c. incumbents

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Campaigns

OBJ:   Present the main features of election campaigns in Texas         STA:    6

MSC:  Applying

 

  1. The most costly item for most political campaigns is
a. travel. d. media advertising.
b. security. e. food.
c. fund-raising.

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Campaigns

OBJ:   Present the main features of election campaigns in Texas         STA:    6

MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. ________ was the first Republican to hold the office of Texas governor since the end of Reconstruction.
a. Ann Richards d. William R. Clements
b. George W. Bush e. Kay Bailey Hutchison
c. Rick Perry

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Campaigns

OBJ:   Present the main features of election campaigns in Texas         STA:    6

MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. One effect of the high cost of campaigns in Texas is that
a. parties become more important in organizing and funding candidates.
b. candidates are often very wealthy individuals willing to use their own money in campaigns.
c. sometimes there is no one willing to run for major statewide office.
d. candidates increasingly turn to illegal sources of funds.
e. candidates drop out of high-profile races when the money dries up.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Campaigns

OBJ:   Present the main features of election campaigns in Texas         STA:    6

MSC:  Applying

 

TRUE/FALSE

 

  1. In order for the Democratic gubernatorial candidate Wendy Davis to win the governor’s race, she would have to win the suburban Republican women voters.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Had Democratic candidate Wendy Davis been elected to the governor’s office, she would have become the second Democratic woman to be elected governor in Texas since World War II.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. The primary elections are the second elections held in an electoral cycle.

 

ANS:  F                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. The Texas Constitution and election laws call the Texas system a closed primary, because one must declare one’s party affiliation before voting.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Some blame the relatively low voter turnout for Texas elections on the frequency of elections and the large number of candidates.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Primary elections in Texas are generally held in March.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. General elections for all national, state, and local offices must be held in November.

 

ANS:  F                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. The Texas Constitution and election laws call the Texas primary system an open primary.

 

ANS:  F                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. It is relatively easy for an independent candidate to get on the Texas ballot.

 

ANS:  F                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. The Republican Party was the dominant force in Texas politics throughout most of the twentieth century.

 

ANS:  F                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Poll taxes, such as those used in Texas, disenfranchised poor voters.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. The Motor Voter law requires a voter to have a driver’s license.

 

ANS:  F                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. To register to vote in Texas, a person must have been a resident of Texas for at least 30 days.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Applying

 

  1. Texas instituted early voting in order to expand participation.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Anglo Texans have voter turnout levels that are higher than Latino turnout levels.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Reapportionment involves the determination of how district lines will be drawn in each state for the state legislature and Congress.

 

ANS:  F                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Reapportionment involves recalculating how many congressional districts each state will receive based on the state’s population.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Texans tend to vote less than the national average.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Campaigns

OBJ:   Present the main features of election campaigns in Texas         STA:    6

MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. One reason for low levels of voter turnout in Texas is the low level of educational attainment in the state.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Campaigns

OBJ:   Present the main features of election campaigns in Texas         STA:    6

MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Republicans have won every statewide election in Texas since 1994.

 

ANS:  T                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   Campaigns

OBJ:   Present the main features of election campaigns in Texas         STA:    6

MSC:  Remembering

 

ESSAY

 

  1. Discuss how political parties organize elections and the electorate in Texas.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Explain why it is difficult to be elected as an independent candidate in Texas.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

DIF:    Medium         REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. Which type of primary (for example, open, closed, or wide open) do you prefer? Why?

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

DIF:    Easy               REF:   Features of Elections in Texas

OBJ:   Describe the types of elections held in Texas and how they work

STA:   6                    MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Discuss and explain at least four reasons why Texas voter turnout is so low. What can be done to increase voter participation?

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

DIF:    Medium         REF:   Participation in Texas Elections

OBJ:   Explain how the rules for voting affect turnout among different groups of Texans

STA:   7                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. List and discuss the reasons why campaigns in Texas are so expensive.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Campaigns

OBJ:   Present the main features of election campaigns in Texas         STA:    6

MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. Is the U.S. Supreme Court correct in declaring campaign contributions to be free speech? Why or why not?

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

DIF:    Difficult         REF:   Campaigns

OBJ:   Present the main features of election campaigns in Texas         STA:    6

MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. Do large contributors have undue influence on Texas politics?

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

DIF:    Medium         REF:   Campaigns

OBJ:   Present the main features of election campaigns in Texas         STA:    6

MSC:  Analyzing