Government in America People, Politics, And Policy 2016 Presidential Election 17Th Ed By George C – Test Bank

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Government in America People, Politics, And Policy 2016 Presidential Election 17Th Ed By George C – Test Bank

6

 

Public Opinion and Political Action

 

 

p Multiple-Choice Questions

 

 

  1. What is demography?

 

  1. the science of population changes
  2. an “actual enumeration” of the population— Consider This: Studying human populations is more than just counting human populations.
  3. the distribution of the population’s beliefs about politics and policy issues
  4. an accounting of what the American people believe

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.1.1

Topic: The American People

Learning Objective: LO 6.1: Identify demographic trends and their likely impact on American politics.

Page Reference: 163

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Which group makes up the smallest percentage of the minority population in the United States?

 

  1. white, non-Hispanic
  2. Hispanic—Consider This: Hispanics are currently the fastest growing population demographic in the United States.
  3. Native American
  4. African American

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.1.2

Topic: The American People

Learning Objective: LO 6.1: Identify demographic trends and their likely impact on American politics.

Page Reference: 167

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. What three socializing agents are discussed in the textbook?

 

  1. the family, the media, and religious institutions
  2. the family, the schools, and political parties—Consider This: Political parties aggregate the political interest of citizens.
  3. the media, the schools, and the family
  4. the schools, the family, and politicians

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.2.3

Topic: How Americans Learn About Politics: Political Socialization

Learning Objective: LO 6.2: Explain how the agents of socialization influence the development of political attitudes.

Page Reference: 170-171

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. How do Internet polling companies like Knowledge Networks ensure participation in its Web-based surveys?

 

  1. Respondents are paid a small sum every time they participate.
  2. Respondents are selected from the cell-phone-only segment of the population.—Consider This: The polling company does originally contact potential participants by phone but they do not restrict this to cell-phones.
  3. Respondents are randomly sampled.
  4. Respondents are provided a free computer.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.3.4

Topic: Measuring Public Opinion and Political Information

Learning Objective: LO 6.3: Describe public opinion research and modern methods of polling.

Page Reference: 174

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Why does the United States have a relatively restrained scope of government compared to most European nations?

 

  1. the predominance of conservatives in the United States
  2. the predominance of liberals in the United States—Consider This: While there are slightly more liberals among younger voters, liberal ideology does not dominate.
  3. the absence of moderates in the United States
  4. the absence of pluralist thinking in the United States

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.4.5

Topic: What Americans Value: Political Ideologies

Learning Objective: LO 6.4: Compare and contrast the principles of conservatism and liberalism.

Page Reference: 181

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Approximately what percentage of adult citizens voted in the 2014 midterm elections?

 

  1. less than 50 percent
  2. 60 percent—Consider This: Voter turnout in midterm elections is significantly lower than it is during a presidential election.
  3. 70 percent
  4. more than 80 percent

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.6.6

Topic: How Americans Participate in Politics

Learning Objective: LO 6.6: Identify the ways that people may participate in politics.

Page Reference: 184

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. What was Henry David Thoreau protesting in the 1840s when he refused to pay his taxes?

 

  1. high tariffs
  2. compulsory education
  3. economic inequality—Consider This: Protest as a form of participation often involves taking action against specific government policies.
  4. the Mexican War

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.5.7

Topic: How Americans Participate in Politics

Learning Objective: LO 6.5: Identify the ways that people may participate in politics.

Page Reference: 184

 

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Of the following, which form of participation are Americans most likely to engage in?

 

  1. volunteering with a campaign
  2. protesting—Consider This: While protests are important they are not a primary means of nonconventional political participation.
  3. writing letters to the editor
  4. contacting government officials

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.6.8

Topic: How Americans Participate in Politics

Learning Objective: LO 6.6: Identify the ways that people may participate in politics.

Page Reference: 184

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Why were the first immigration restrictions adopted by the United States?

 

  1. no poor immigrants
  2. no uneducated immigrants
  3. no Chinese immigrants—Consider This: The Chinese Exclusion act was adopted in 1882.
  4. no criminals or prostitutes

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.1.9

Topic: The American People

Learning Objective: LO 6.1: Identify demographic trends and their likely impact on American politics.

Page Reference: 164

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. What is a principal provision of the 1986 Simpson-Mazzoli Act?

 

  1. Employers must document the citizenship of their employees.
  2. State and local police must perform roadside immigration checks.
  3. The president must apprehend and deport legal and illegal immigrants if their home country is at war with the United States.—Consider This: In spite of political rhetoric by both the Bush and Obama administrations there has been no comprehensive action on immigration.
  4. A diversity admissions category was created for legal permanent residents.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.1.10

Topic: The American People

Learning Objective: LO 6.1: Identify demographic trends and their likely impact on American politics.

Page Reference: 167

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following statements about political news consumption is accurate?

 

  1. Working-class people consume more political news than do wealthier people.
  2. Older people consume more political news than do younger people.
  3. Men consume considerably more political news than do women. — Consider This: The advertisements that support television news program often feature various prescription drugs.
  4. West Coast residents consume more political news than do East Coast residents.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.2.11

Topic: How Americans Learn About Politics: Political Socialization

Learning Objective: LO 6.2: Explain how the agents of socialization affect political attitudes.

Page Reference: 170-171

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. What technique is the key to the accuracy of public opinion polls?

 

  1. indexing
  2. font selection
  3. random sampling
  4. in-person interviews—Consider This: In-person interviews are just one method of conducting public opinion polls.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.3.12

Topic: Measuring Public Opinion and Political Information

Learning Objective: LO 6.3: Describe public opinion research and modern methods of polling.

Page Reference: 171

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. The role of religion in influencing political ideology is most closely related to __________.

 

  1. religiosity
  2. baptism
  3. denomination
  4. –Christianity — Consider This: It is not only the Christian faith that has an influence on political ideology.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.4.13

Topic: What Americans Value: Political Ideologies

Learning Objective: LO 6.4: Compare and contrast the principles of conservatism and liberalism.

Page Reference: 181

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. “Letter from a Birmingham Jail,” penned by Martin Luther King, Jr., in 1963, is a classic defense of __________.

 

  1. civil disobedience
  2. conscientious objection
  3. political violence—Consider This: Martin Luther King, Jr. was an advocate of nonviolent resistance.
  4. tax resistance

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.5.14

Topic: How Americans Participate in Politics

Learning Objective: LO 6.5: Identify the ways that people may participate in politics.

Page Reference: 185

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. According to Ronald Reagan, what was the main cause of society’s problems?

 

  1. urban decay—Consider This: Reagan was deeply concerned about the scope of government in the lives of American citizens.
  2. tax evasion
  3. government overreach
  4. scofflaws and miscreants

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.7.15

Topic: Understanding Public Opinion and Political Action

Learning Objective: LO 6.7: Analyze how public opinion about the scope of government guides political behavior.

Page Reference: 188-189

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Why is participation in the census so important?

 

  1. participation indicates the legitimacy of government and of laws passed by Congress
  2. changes in the U.S. population affect membership in political parties—Consider This: The Census does not count or track political affiliation.
  3. information the census collects helps to determine how more than $400 billion in federal funding is spent each year
  4. information from the census determines tax rates

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.1.16

Topic: The American People

Learning Objective: LO 6.1: Identify demographic trends and their likely impact on American politics.

Page Reference: 163-164

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Conservatives generally favor the __________ sector.

 

  1. service
  2. government—Consider This: Liberals tend to believe that government is well-positioned to solve problems in society.
  3. private
  4. public

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.4.17

Topic: What Americans Value: Political Ideologies

Learning Objective: LO 6.4: Compare and contrast the principles of conservatism and liberalism.

Page Reference: 180

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. How does lower voter turnout among young citizens affect the composition of those who show up at the polls?

 

  1. Conservatives are overrepresented at the polls.
  2. Young citizens are overrepresented at the polls.
  3. Democrats are overrepresented at the polls. — Consider This: Younger voters often embrace the policies of the Democratic Party.
  4. Liberals are overrepresented at the polls.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.4.18

Topic: What Americans Value: Political Ideologies

Learning Objective: LO 6.4: Compare and contrast the principles of conservatism and liberalism.

Page Reference: 181

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. How is political participation defined?

 

  1. all the activities used by citizens to socialize their children to the political process
  2. all the activities used by citizens to influence the selection of political leaders or the policies they pursue
  3. a measure of the minimum requirements needed to vote
  4. the capacity of individuals (or groups) to exert their own political will—Consider This: Participation can be overt or subtle.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.6.19

Topic: How Americans Participate in Politics

Learning Objective: LO 6.6: Identify the ways that people may participate in politics.

Page Reference: 183

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. What are the two broad classifications on political participation?

 

  1. elitist and pluralist—Consider This: One form of political participation might include writing a letter to the editor.
  2. productive and unproductive
  3. conventional and unconventional
  4. casual and formal

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.6.20

Topic: How Americans Participate in Politics

Learning Objective: LO 6.6: Identify the ways that people may participate in politics.

Page Reference: 184

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Which of the following is considered conventional political participation?

 

  1. running for public office
  2. burning the American flag
  3. blocking the entrance to a military installation
  4. staging a sit-in on campus—Consider This: Civil disobedience is not a conventional form of participation.

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.6.21

Topic: How Americans Participate in Politics

Learning Objective: LO 6.6: Identify the ways that people may participate in politics.

Page Reference: 184

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Political protests are often described as __________.

 

  1. conventional and illegal—Consider This: Protests often try to attract the attention of the news media.
  2. dramatic and unconventional
  3. subtle and effective
  4. casual and violent

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.6.22

Topic: How Americans Participate in Politics

Learning Objective: LO 6.6: Identify the ways that people may participate in politics.

Page Reference: 185

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. What is the typical aim of protests in the United States?

 

  1. affecting public policy change
  2. overthrowing the government
  3. influencing voting behavior—Consider This: The message of protests are not generally aimed at voters.
  4. informing the public about the candidates

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.6.23

Topic: How Americans Participate in Politics

Learning Objective: LO 6.6: Identify the ways that people may participate in politics.

Page Reference: 185

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. What was the effect of the 1924 immigration law that established official quotas for immigrants based on national origin?

 

  1. The flow of immigrant families with children decreased.
  2. The flow of low-income immigrant families from Mexico increased.—Consider This: Quotas were abolished in 1965.
  3. Most new immigrants were being reunited with family in the United States.
  4. Most new immigrants were from northwestern Europe.

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.1.24

Topic: The American People

Learning Objective: LO 6.1: Identify demographic trends and their likely impact on American politics.

Page Reference: 165

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Why do seats in the House of Representatives need to be reapportioned?

 

  1. The number of seats each state has in the House is based on a state’s population, which changes over time.
  2. The majority party in the House of Representatives is determined by each state’s proportion of party-affiliated voters.
  3. The Constitution requires that each state’s taxes be proportional to the size of its population.
  4. Each congressional district must be redrawn to reflect changes in the state’s population. —Consider This: This process is known as redistricting.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.1.25

Topic: The American People

Learning Objective: LO 6.1: Identify demographic trends and their likely impact on American politics.

Page Reference: 169

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following generally increase with age?

 

  1. liberalism and political tolerance—Consider This: Because political behavior is a learned behavior, there is often more learning to do.
  2. candidate loyalty and authoritarianism
  3. political participation and suspicion of out-groups
  4. political participation and strength of party attachment

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.2.26

Topic: How Americans Learn About Politics: Political Socialization

Learning Objective: LO 6.2: Explain how the agents of socialization influence the development of political attitudes.

Page Reference: 171

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following statements about the 1936 Literary Digest poll that predicted Roosevelt’s reelection defeat is true?

 

  1. The poll oversampled those with higher income.
  2. The poll oversampled groups heavily Democratic in orientation.
  3. The poll excluded owners of automobiles. —Consider This: The Literary Digest poll relied on motor vehicle registration lists to increase the size of the sample.
  4. The poll undersampled middle-class voters who owned telephones.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.3.27

Topic: Measuring Public Opinion and Political Information

Learning Objective: LO 6.3: Describe public opinion research and modern methods of polling.

Page Reference: 173

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. According to research by Jacobs and Shapiro, politicians use public opinion polls to __________.

 

  1. tell them how to vote on legislation
  2. determine what policies to pursue—Consider This: The common view of politicians pandering to the results of public opinion may be mistaken.
  3. identify centrist approaches to public policy
  4. shape their messages to the public

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.3.28

Topic: Measuring Public Opinion and Political Information

Learning Objective: LO 6.3: Describe public opinion research and modern methods of polling.

Page Reference: 174

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. According to Russell Neuman, the “paradox of mass politics” is that the American political system works as well as it does despite __________.

 

  1. the public’s lack of knowledge about politics
  2. the public’s lack of consensus on matters of public policy
  3. the growing polarization of public opinion—Consider This: If political knowledge were to increase overall, it would in all likelihood be good for American democracy.
  4. politicians’ overreliance on public opinion polls

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.3.29

Topic: Measuring Public Opinion and Political Information

Learning Objective: LO 6.3: Describe public opinion research and modern methods of polling.

Page Reference: 178

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following viewpoints is more likely to be held by a political liberal than by a political conservative?

 

  1. The United States should stop letting criminals hide behind the law.
  2. Prayer belongs in school.
  3. Taxes and spending should be kept low. —Consider This: Liberals tend to support a broad and activist federal government.
  4. Government should regulate the economy in the public interest.

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.4.30

Topic: What Americans Value: Political Ideologies

Learning Objective: LO 6.4: Compare and contrast the principles of conservatism and liberalism.

Page Reference: 180

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following is unconventional political participation?

 

  1. running for public office as a third party candidate
  2. signing a petition in a school parking lot—Consider This: Conventional participation includes many widely accepted methods of influencing outcomes in government.
  3. gathering signatures for a proposed ballot measure
  4. staging a sit-in

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.5.31

Topic: How Americans Participate in Politics

Learning Objective: LO 6.5: Identify the ways that people participate in politics.

Page Reference: 184

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following statements about American attitudes toward the scope of government is true?

 

  1. A majority of Americans favor having unlimited government.
  2. A majority of Americans think that the government should do more rather than do less. —Consider This: Americans have a long history of favoring limited government.
  3. A majority of Americans think the federal government should be streamlined.
  4. A majority of Americans never think about the scope of government.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.7.32

Topic: Understanding Public Opinion and Political Action

Learning Objective: LO 6.7: Analyze how public opinion about the scope of government guides political behavior.

Page Reference: 189

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Assume that Howard and Javier used proper sampling techniques to draw two samples of Hispanic Floridians. Each sample will be surveyed about proposed immigration policy reform and its impact on Hispanics living in the state. The samples were selected identically, but one includes 1,000 respondents and the other consists of 2,000 respondents. Given the information presented in this scenario, which of the following statements is true?

 

  1. Howard and Javier will likely underestimate the impact of immigration reform on Florida’s Hispanic population, given the size of their samples.—Consider This: Polling requires not only an accurate representation of the population but a reliable sample size.
  2. Howard and Javier will likely overestimate the impact of immigration reform on Florida’s Hispanic population, given the size of their samples.
  3. Howard and Javier can correctly assume that the sampling error for both surveyed samples will be the same.
  4. Howard and Javier can be more confident of the results of the 2,000-person sample.

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.3.33

Topic: Measuring Public Opinion and Political Information

Learning Objective: LO 6.3: Describe public opinion research and modern methods of polling.

Page Reference: 172-173

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. How do liberals differ from conservatives?

 

  1. Liberals are more likely than conservatives to envision a wide scope for the central government, often involving policies that aim to promote military intervention.
  2. Liberals are more likely than conservatives to envision a wide scope for the central government, often involving policies that aim to promote equality.
  3. Among people over the age of 30, slightly more are liberal than conservative.
  4. Conservatives are more likely than liberals to want to tax our way out of debt and deficit problems. —Consider This: Liberals have tended to embrace the idea of a broad, expansive, and activist federal government.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.4.34

Topic: What Americans Value: Political Ideologies

Learning Objective: LO 6.4: Compare and contrast the values of conservatism and liberalism.

Page Reference: 180

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. You agree with Darrell M. West, who argues that the United States needs to reorient its immigration policy toward enhancing economic development. Which of the following potential immigrants do you think is most deserving of an immigrant visa?

 

  1. a Turkish national with a promising new manufacturing process
  2. the parents of neurobiologist L. S. Chung, a permanent legal resident from South Korea
  3. a former Syrian army officer, now a refugee
  4. a student-athlete from New Zealand who plays basketball and hopes to coach professionally in the future—Consider This: West maintains that immigration policies should be based on what you know not who you know.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.1.35

Topic: The American People

Learning Objective: LO 6.1: Identify demographic trends and their likely impact on American politics.

Page Reference: 166

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. To determine if families with children would use school vouchers to send their children to charter schools, from which of the following populations should you select a sample?

 

  1. women with children
  2. citizens in the school district—Consider This: Accurate representation of the sample is more important than the size of the sample.
  3. parents
  4. parents of children under age 18

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.3.36

Topic: Measuring Public Opinion and Political Information

Learning Objective: LO 6.3: Describe public opinion research and modern methods of polling.

Page Reference: 173

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. In a random sample of 1,000 high school students, 29 percent indicated that they had read the Declaration of Independence at least once, with a sampling error of 4 percent. Which of the following statements is true?

 

  1. It is likely that more than 33 percent of the population have read the Declaration of Independence.—Consider This: A sampling error reflects the level of confidence found in a poll and that is related to sample size.
  2. It is likely that fewer than 25 percent of the population have read the Declaration of Independence.
  3. It is likely that between 25 and 33 percent of the population have read the Declaration of Independence.
  4. It is likely that 29 percent of the population have read the Declaration of Independence between zero and five times.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.3.37

Topic: Measuring Public Opinion and Political Information

Learning Objective: LO 6.3: Describe public opinion research and modern methods of polling.

Page Reference: 173

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Politicians tend to ignore __________.

 

  1. those who participate—Consider This: Political participation is specifically designed to grab the attention of voters.
  2. the wealthy
  3. nonvoters
  4. business interests

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.6.38

Topic: How Americans Participate in Politics

Learning Objective: LO 6.6: Identify the ways that people participate in politics.

Page Reference: 187

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following is a disadvantage of conducting a public opinion survey over the phone?

 

  1. Unlisted numbers cannot be reached by pollsters using telephones.
  2. Federal law prohibits the use of automated random-digit-dialing programs to unlisted numbers.
  3. People are substantially less willing to participate in polls over the telephone than in person.
  4. Independents are less willing to participate in polls over the telephone than are partisans. —Consider This: Citizens often suffer from polling fatigue, which affects their desire to answer polls.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.3.39

Topic: Measuring Public Opinion and Political Information

Learning Objective: LO 6.3: Describe public opinion research and modern methods of polling.

Page Reference: 173

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Women are more likely than men to cast their ballots for which type of candidate?

 

  1. Democratic candidates who support higher levels of spending on the military as opposed to spending on social services
  2. Republican candidates who support higher levels of spending on the military as opposed to spending on social services
  3. Democratic candidates who support higher levels of spending on social services as opposed to spending on the military
  4. Republican candidates who support higher levels of spending on social services as opposed to spending on the military—Consider This: The gender gap in American politics tends to favor the Democratic Party.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.4.40

Topic: What Americans Value: Political Ideologies

Learning Objective: LO 6.4: Compare and contrast the principles of conservatism and liberalism.

Page Reference: 181

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Of the following, which is a form of political participation?

 

  1. donating money to a charity for homeless veterans—Consider This: Donating money to a charity has no effect on political outcomes.
  2. working as a caseworker in a social services agency
  3. compiling a statistical analysis on the demographic factors of students enrolled at a local community college
  4. calling your representative to express your opinion about upcoming legislation

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.6.41

Topic: How Americans Participate in Politics

Learning Objective: LO 6.6: Identify the ways that people participate in politics.

Page Reference: 184

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. If the poor participated at higher levels in the political process, what might happen?

 

  1. government workers would likely unionize
  2. government-run services would likely be privatized—Consider This: Privatization of government-run services often harm the recipients of those services.
  3. government programs to help individuals invest their Social Security income would likely be higher on the political agenda
  4. government programs to alleviate economic inequality would likely be higher on the political agenda

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.6.42

Topic: How Americans Participate in Politics

Learning Objective: LO 6.6: Identify the ways that people participate in politics.

Page Reference: 186-187

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. How does civil disobedience differ from a protest?

 

  1. Civil disobedience involves violence; a protest is peaceful.
  2. Civil disobedience is involuntary; a protest is voluntary.
  3. Civil disobedience involves intentionally breaking a law; a protest involves getting attention from the media.
  4. Civil disobedience involves unintentionally breaking a law; a protest involves intentionally breaking a law. —Consider This: Protests are dramatic and often designed to engage the media.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.6.43

Topic: How Americans Participate in Politics

Learning Objective: LO 6.6: Identify the ways that people participate in politics.

Page Reference: 185

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Which of the following statements about immigration in the United States is true?

 

  1. At current rates non-Hispanic whites will represent less than half of the population by the middle of the 21st century.
  2. In recent years, illegal immigrants have outnumbered legal immigrants.
  3. The Department of Homeland Security estimates that 5 percent of the nation’s illegal immigrants are from Mexico.—Consider This: While these levels have flattened out the percentage of illegal immigrants in the U.S. from Mexico is roughly 59%.
  4. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates that immigrants represent 30 percent of the nation’s population.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.1.44

Topic: The American People

Learning Objective: LO 6.1: Identify demographic trends and their likely impact on American politics.

Page Reference: 183

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Politicians who believe that America’s competitiveness in the globalized economy would be best served by allocating a substantial percentage of immigrant visas to people with special talents would be more likely than other politicians to substantially revise the __________.

 

  1. Hart-Celler Immigration and Nationality Act
  2. Civil Rights Act
  3. Affordable Care Act—Consider This: The Affordable Care Act provided a mechanism that required all Americans have health insurance or face a fine.
  4. Simpson-Mazzoli Act

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.1.45

Topic: The American People

Learning Objective: LO 6.1: Identify demographic trends and their likely impact on American politics.

Page Reference: 167

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Many of the commercials that air during the nightly news broadcasts of ABC, CBS, and NBC seem to be for various prescription drugs. What is the most plausible explanation for this fact?

 

  1. Today’s generation of young adults is significantly more likely to read newspapers than their elders. —Consider This: Different sources of news are often favored by specific demographics.
  2. Political socialization is more important to governments than to individuals.
  3. The age of the demographic that consumes television news is much higher on average than those that consume alternative sources of news.
  4. Children who develop positive feelings toward political authorities grow into adults who are not easily disenchanted with politics.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q6.2.46

Topic: How Americans Learn About Politics: Political Socialization

Learning Objective: LO 6.2: Explain how the agents of socialization influence the development of political attitudes.

Page Reference: 117

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

 

 

 

7

 

The Mass Media and the Political Agenda

 

 

p Multiple-Choice Questions

 

 

  1. Differences in press coverage between the initial speeches given to Congress by President Reagan and by President Obama show __________.

 

  1. a diminishing audience for national news and presidential messages
  2. that presidential addresses receive higher Nielsen ratings today than they did several decades ago
  3. more Americans read presidential addresses in newspapers, while fewer view coverage on TV—Consider This: American’s consumption of the news seems to be in decline.
  4. that more than 50 percent of Americans can be expected to tune in to watch presidential addresses to Congress

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.0.1

Topic: Introduction

Learning Objective: Introduction

Page Reference: 193

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Television, radio, newspapers, magazines, the Internet, and other forms of communication are collectively referred to as the __________.

 

  1. mass media
  2. media conglomeration—Consider This: In the United States it is the private ownership of media that leads to this outcome.
  3. partisan press
  4. fifth estate

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.0.2

Topic: Introduction

Learning Objective: Introduction

Page Reference: 193

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Trial balloons are used for which of the following?

 

  1. avoiding a political reaction
  2. assessing a political reaction
  3. exposing media bias
  4. limiting media bias—Consider This: The Clinton administration used a trial balloon to leak that President Clinton had engaged in an inappropriate relationship with White House intern Monica Lewinsky.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.2.3

Topic: Reporting the News

Learning Objective: LO 7.2: List the major criteria that determine which news stories receive the most attention.

Page Reference: 206

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. In 1960, one newspaper was sold for every two adults; by 2014, one paper was sold for every __________.

 

  1. adult
  2. three adults—Consider This: American newspaper subscription rates have been in serious decline.
  3. six adults
  4. ten adults

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.1.4

Topic: The Mass Media Today

Learning Objective: LO 7.1: Describe the structure and the functions of the media, past and present.

Page Reference: 197

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. In 1934, Congress created which body to regulate the use of the airwaves?

 

  1. Federal Trade Commission—Consider This: The airwaves are owned by the public.
  2. Equal Opportunity Commission
  3. Federal Communications Commission
  4. Department of Media Communications

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.1.5

Topic: The Mass Media Today

Learning Objective: LO 7.1: Describe the structure and the functions of the media, past and present.

Page Reference: 198

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Over 80 percent of the nation’s daily newspaper circulation is published by massive media conglomerates called __________.

 

  1. narrowcasters
  2. chains
  3. broadcasters
  4. associated press outlets—Consider This: Journalism has long been big business in the United States.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.1.6

Topic: The Mass Media Today

Learning Objective: LO 7.1: Describe the structure and the functions of the media, past and present.

Page Reference: 205

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. In democracies, the primary interest of publicly owned media is __________.

 

  1. reducing recidivism
  2. serving the public interest
  3. promoting the government—Consider This: In countries like China, the government controls the media and often promotes the government.
  4. entertaining viewers

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.1.7

Topic: The Mass Media Today

Learning Objective: LO 7.1: Describe the structure and the functions of the media, past and present.

Page Reference: 204

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The primary interest of privately owned media is __________.

 

  1. making a profit
  2. serving the public interest—Consider This: Private media outlets must attract an audience for paid advertising.
  3. spreading propaganda
  4. informing the public

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.1.8

Topic: The Mass Media Today

Learning Objective: LO 7.1: Describe the structure and the functions of the media, past and present.

Page Reference: 204

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. How does the increasing focus of media conglomerates on making a profit affect television news?

 

  1. The quality of news reporting has increased considerably in an attempt to sway more viewers and more advertisers.
  2. A study of a set of major newspapers found that the total number of foreign news stories in U.S. newspapers doubled between 1985 and 2014.—Consider This: Many foreign news bureaus are costly to staff and run.
  3. Media organizations have cut back on their foreign bureaus and on international news.
  4. Television news is increasingly viewed as a public service that benefits the media conglomerate by generating goodwill with viewers.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.1.9

Topic: The Mass Media Today

Learning Objective: LO 7.1: Describe the structure and the functions of the media, past and present.

Page Reference: 205

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. __________ is the tendency for viewers to seek news that aligns with their existing ideas.

 

  1. Narrowcasting
  2. Investigative journalism
  3. Selective exposure
  4. Logrolling—Consider This: Liberals prefer to watch MSNBC while conservatives prefer to get their news from FOX.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.1.10

Topic: The Mass Media Today

Learning Objective: LO 7.1: Describe the structure and the functions of the media, past and present.

Page Reference: 200

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. An intentional news leak for the purpose of assessing the political reaction it generates is called a(n) __________.

 

  1. talking head
  2. press release
  3. earmark—Consider This: Earmarks are part of the legislative process.
  4. trial balloon

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.3.11

Topic: Reporting the News

Learning Objective: LO 7.3: Analyze the impact the media has on what policy issues Americans think about.

Page Reference: 206

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. What do network executives blame for the superficiality in media reporting?

 

  1. cable news
  2. social media—Consider This: Many citizens prefer their news to be more entertaining than informational.
  3. the Internet
  4. the public

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.5.12

Topic: Understanding the Mass Media

Learning Objective: LO 7.5: Assess the impact of the mass media on the scope of government and democracy in America.

Page Reference: 215

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. What are the specific locations from which news frequently emanates called?

 

  1. trial balloons—Consider This: Most reporters become specialists in specific areas of news coverage.
  2. news houses
  3. reporters’ clubs
  4. beats

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.2.13

Topic: Reporting the News

Learning Objective: LO 7.2: List the major criteria that determine which news stories receive the most media coverage.

Page Reference: 206

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Increasing public attention to specific problems is a core feature of the media’s __________ power.

 

  1. watchdog—Consider This: The media can be useful in shaping what government discusses.
  2. investigative
  3. agenda-setting
  4. score-keeping

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.4.14

Topic: Policy Entrepreneurs and Agenda Setting

Learning Objective: LO 7.4: Explain how policy entrepreneurs employ media strategies to influence the public agenda.

Page Reference: 212

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Research suggests that the overriding bias in the news is one toward stories that __________.

 

  1. favor liberals—Consider This: There is little evidence that suggests a consistent liberal bias in the media.
  2. favor conservatives
  3. draw the largest audience
  4. put the president in a good light

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.2.15

Topic: Reporting the News

Learning Objective: LO 7.2: List the major criteria that determine which news stories receive the most media coverage.

Page Reference: 210

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. People who invest their political capital in an issue are called __________.

 

  1. agenda setters
  2. policy entrepreneurs
  3. lobbyists—Consider This: Lobbyists seek to directly influence an political outcome.
  4. gatekeepers

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.4.16

Topic: Policy Entrepreneurs and Agenda Setting

Learning Objective: LO 7.4: Explain how policy entrepreneurs employ media strategies to influence the public agenda.

Page Reference: 212

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. The issues that attract serious attention from public officials and other people actively involved in politics at the time collectively make the __________ agenda.

 

  1. news
  2. policy
  3. media—Consider This: Political actors are seeking to have their priorities take precedence over other groups in society in terms of outcomes.
  4. entrepreneurial

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.4.17

Topic: Policy Entrepreneurs and Agenda Setting

Learning Objective: LO 7.4: Explain how policy entrepreneurs employ media strategies to influence the public agenda.

Page Reference: 212

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Which of the following is a consequence of the rise of television broadcasting?

 

  1. The news consumed by the American public is more entertaining than educational.
  2. Individuals have a greater need for political parties to help them make decisions.
  3. Groups have greater access to spread their issues and messages to the public.—Consider This: Individual interest groups have little control over what is aired on corporate television networks.
  4. The American public is better informed about politics and Congress is basing its opinions more on public opinion.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.5.18

Topic: Understanding the Mass Media

Learning Objective: LO 7.5: Assess the impact of the mass media on the scope of government and democracy in America.

Page Reference: 215

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. What is an event called that is purposely staged for the media and that is significant just because the media are there?

 

  1. a think tank
  2. a pork-barrel project—Consider This: In the last four weeks of a presidential campaign 80 percent of the stories involve tightly scripted appearances by candidates.
  3. a media event
  4. a round-robin event

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.1.19

Topic: The Mass Media Today

Learning Objective: LO 7.1: Describe the structure and the functions of the media, past and present.

Page Reference: 194

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. The cozy relationship between politicians and the press in the twentieth century lasted until when?

 

  1. the Iran Hostage Crisis
  2. World War II
  3. the beginning of Franklin Roosevelt’s presidency—Consider This: The media treated Roosevelt with a great deal of deference.
  4. the Vietnam War and Watergate

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.4.20

Topic: The Mass Media Today

Learning Objective: LO 7.4: Explain how policy entrepreneurs employ media strategies to influence the public agenda.

Page Reference: 195

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The use of in-depth reporting to unearth scandals, scams, and schemes, at times putting reporters in adversarial relationships with political leaders, is referred to as __________ journalism.

 

  1. beat
  2. gatekeeping—Consider This: The story about the Watergate break in is a prime example of this type of journalism.
  3. investigative
  4. law-and-order

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.1.21

Topic: The Mass Media Today

Learning Objective: LO 7.1: Describe how American politicians choreograph their messages through the mass media.

Page Reference: 195

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. The increased number of news and infotainment options has resulted in __________ in which media outlets focus on a particular interest and aim at a particular audience.

 

  1. investigative journalism—Consider This: In the early days of media news story were transmitted to a wide audience.
  2. watchdog journalism
  3. narrowcasting
  4. selective exposure

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.1.22

Topic: The Mass Media Today

Learning Objective: LO 7.1: Describe the structure and the functions of the media, past and present.

Page Reference: 199-200

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Thomas Patterson’s careful analysis of campaign reporting has shown that since 1960, its emphasis has changed dramatically from __________.

 

  1. negative information about the candidates to negative assessments about the parties—Consider This: Much of the news coverage during a campaign is dedicated to questions about who is ahead and who is behind.
  2. the candidates’ policy statements to the campaign as a horse race
  3. covering events to covering ideas
  4. sensational information about the candidates to substantive information about the issues

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.1.23

Topic: The Mass Media Today

Learning Objective: LO 7.1: Describe the structure and functions of the media, past and present.

Page Reference: 195

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. As technology has enabled the media to pass along information with greater speed, news coverage has become __________.

 

  1. more homogenous
  2. less thorough
  3. more objective
  4. less biased—Consider This: While there has been a proliferation of news sources since the rise of the Internet there has been little appreciable increase in the quality of the news consumed by citizens.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.2.24

Topic: Reporting the News

Learning Objective: LO 7.2: List the major criteria that determine which news stories receive the most media attention.

Page Reference: 206-209

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Public officials often leak __________ to reporters to see what the political reaction will be.

 

  1. trial balloons
  2. sound bites—Consider This: A sound bite, averaging about 10 seconds, is all that is usually seen of a politician’s speech on the nightly television news.
  3. beats
  4. oiled news

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.2.25

Topic: Reporting the News

Learning Objective: LO 7.2: List the major criteria that determine which news stories receive the most media attention.

Page Reference: 230

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following is a consequence of the rise of narrowcasting?

 

  1. Young adults are more likely than other age groups to use newspapers and broadcast media as news and information sources.—Consider This: Younger citizens are more likely to rely on infotainment that other age groups for their news coverage.
  2. Young adults are less likely than other age groups to use newspapers and broadcast media as news and information sources.
  3. Most Americans follow politics more frequently and with greater intensity than they follow popular culture.
  4. Narrowcasting has encouraged less repetition of stories on cable news programs.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.1.26

Topic: The Mass Media Today

Learning Objective: LO 7.1: Describe the structure and functions of the media, past and present.

Page Reference: 200

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Epstein’s News From Nowhere suggests which of the following about newsworthiness?

 

  1. TV networks define news as what is entertaining to average viewers.
  2. The media strive for quality of story rather than ratings.—Consider This: The corporate structure of the American media demands that news programming attract an audience for advertising.
  3. The media tend to report only the most important stories.
  4. The media tend to pitch stories to a relatively high level of viewer sophistication.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.2.27

Topic: Reporting the News

Learning Objective: LO 7.2: List the major criteria that determine which news stories receive the most media attention.

Page Reference: 206

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Research by Miller and Krosnick demonstrates that the effects of agenda-setting by media are particularly strong among which group?

 

  1. politically knowledgeable citizens who trust the media
  2. politically knowledgeable citizens who distrust the media—Consider This: Agenda setting reflects a deliberate process on the part of knowledgeable citizens.
  3. younger citizens who trust the media
  4. older citizens who distrust the media

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.3.28

Topic: The News and Public Opinion

Learning Objective: LO 7.3: Analyze the impact of the media on public opinion and political behavior.

Page Reference: 211

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Iyengar and Kinder’s research found that TV news __________.

 

  1. can alter the priorities Americans attach to problems depending on which stories are covered
  2. has minimal effects on the public opinion of viewers—Consider This: Conservatives are more likely to watch a news story if they believe it came from FOX.
  3. discourages citizens from voting by focusing on the imperfections of the democratic system
  4. selects stories that are especially important to business interests

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.3.29

Topic: The News and Public Opinion

Learning Objective:  LO 7.3: Analyze the impact of the media on public opinion and political behavior.

Page Reference: 200

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. The “minimal effects hypothesis” suggested that the media have a minimal effect on __________.

 

  1. public opinion
  2. policymakers’ issue positions—Consider This: Most of the early scholarship on media affects focused on how the media affected what people think and not what they think about.
  3. Americans’ consumption of newspapers
  4. Americans who do not watch TV

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.3.30

Topic: The News and Public Opinion

Learning Objective: LO 7.3: Analyze the impact of the media on public opinion behavior.

Page Reference: 210

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Policy entrepreneurs are people who invest __________ in an issue.

 

  1. their life savings—Consider This: Policy entrepreneurs often trade on personal contacts to achieve their policy goals.
  2. financial expertise
  3. political capital
  4. scant attention

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.4.31

Topic: Policy Entrepreneurs and Agenda Setting

Learning Objective: LO 7.4: Explain how policy entrepreneurs employ media strategies to influence the public agenda.

Page Reference: 212

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The media act as a __________ between the people and policymakers.

 

  1. key linkage institution
  2. general adversary
  3. stakeholder—Consider This: Citizens can use the media to remain connected to and vigilant over government.
  4. dividing institution

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.5.32

Topic: Understanding the Mass Media

Learning Objective: LO 7.5: Assess the impact of the mass media on the scope of government and democracy in America.

Page Reference: 213

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of these is an example of a major television network?

 

  1. ABC
  2. Knight-Ridder
  3. Associated Press—Consider This: The major networks send their signals out to a very wide audience.
  4. Gannett

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.1.33

Topic: The Mass Media Today

Learning Objective: LO 7.1: Describe how American politicians choreograph their messages through the mass media.

Page Reference: 199

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Television, radio, and the Internet are __________ media; newspapers and magazines are __________ media.

 

  1. electronic; print
  2. public; private—Consider This: Much of the American media is privately owned.
  3. private; public
  4. liberal; conservative

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.1.34

Topic: The Mass Media Today

Learning Objective: LO 7.1: Describe the structure and the functions of the media, past and present.

Page Reference: 194-195

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Which president practically invented media politics?

 

  1. Franklin D. Roosevelt
  2. Herbert Hoover—Consider This: Hoover’s successor is credited with inventing media politics.
  3. Ronald Reagan
  4. John F. Kennedy

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.1.35

Topic: The Mass Media Today

Learning Objective: LO 7.1: Describe the structure and the functions of the media, past and present.

Page Reference: 194-195

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Top aides to President Clinton leaked his admission of an “inappropriate relationship” to the New York Times in order to gauge the public response to the revelation. Based on the public’s response to this __________, Clinton went ahead and admitted the “inappropriate relationship” to the grand jury.

 

  1. beat
  2. trial balloon
  3. talking head
  4. sound bite—Consider This: A sound bite is short snippet of a politician’s speech that is shown on the television news.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.2.36

Topic: Reporting the News

Learning Objective: LO 7.2: List the major criteria that determine which news stories receive the most attention.

Page Reference: 206

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. In covering military conflicts, the majority of TV news stories usually originate from correspondents posted at __________ including the White House, the Pentagon, and the State Department.

 

  1. associated presses—Consider This: Most top reporters are specialists because of the locations at which they work.
  2. networks
  3. trial balloons
  4. beats

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.2.37

Topic: Reporting the News

Learning Objective: LO 7.2: List the major criteria that determine which news stories receive the most attention.

Page Reference: 206

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Politicians and journalists have a(n) __________ relationship: Politicians rely on journalists to get out their message, and journalists rely on politicians to keep them in the know.

 

  1. parasitic
  2. symbiotic
  3. cooperative
  4. antagonistic—Consider This: While the press and political actors are often at odds with one another they both need each other as well.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.2.38

Topic: Reporting the News

Learning Objective: LO 7.2: List the major criteria that determine which news stories receive the most attention.

Page Reference: 206

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of these would a major TV network be least likely to show for very long?

 

  1. ambassadors fighting at the United Nations
  2. talking heads discussing a major news event
  3. the aftermath of a major natural disaster
  4. footage of a domestic terrorist attack—Consider This: T.V. news is little more than a headline service with news compressed into thirty second segments.

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.2.39

Topic: Reporting the News

Learning Objective: LO 7.2: List the major criteria that determine which news stories receive the most attention.

Page Reference: 206-207

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. During a 1976 presidential debate, President Ford made a mistake by saying that the Soviet Union was not the dominant force in Eastern Europe. The statement was given much press coverage, and polls indicated that most viewers did not recognize the error until they learned of it on the news. What effect did this reporting have on public opinion?

 

  1. It made Ford more personally likable.—Consider This: Most people did not realize that Ford had made an error until the press told them so.
  2. It made Ford seem less vulnerable.
  3. It made Ford seem more qualified.
  4. It made Ford seem less qualified.

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.3.40

Topic: The News and Public Opinion

Learning Objective: LO 7.3: Analyze the impact of the media on public opinion and political behavior.

Page Reference: 212

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Civil rights activists in the 1960s used the media to show Americans the injustice of the treatment of minorities, successfully placing the civil rights issue onto the __________.

 

  1. policy entrepreneur
  2. policy agenda
  3. press conference
  4. news beat—Consider This: Protesters have learned that they can capture the media’s attention by staging an interesting or controversial event.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q7.4.41

Topic: Policy Entrepreneurs and Agenda Setting

Learning Objective: LO 7.4: Describe how politicians use the media to communicate with the electorate.

Page Reference: 212-213

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate