Groups Process And Practice 10th Edition by Marianne Schneider Corey -Test Bank

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Groups Process And Practice 10th Edition by Marianne Schneider Corey -Test Bank

Chapter 6

 

  1. ​Two crucial tasks inherent in the initial stage of group therapy are orientation and ______________.

 

  1. ​expression

*b. ​exploration

  1. ​introduction
  2. ​assessment

 

 

  1. ​Bernie, in a very early session of a counseling group, expresses emotions ranging from fear to anxiety, uncertainty to hope. Looking to his therapist, Bernie’s progress will hinge on the perceived level of ____________ which he feels.

 

*a. ​trust

  1. ​confidentiality
  2. ​self-awareness
  3. ​shame

 

 

  1. ​Ambiguity and lack of a structured approach in groups often lead to:

 

  1. ​More freedom of expression
  2. ​A leader among the counselees who emerges and challenges authority

*c. ​Anxiety

  1. ​Positive advice

 

 

  1. ​In certain circumstances, there is hesitancy among members of certain racial and ethnic groups to discuss personal matters with members of groups perceived to be more dominant. A term that may be used to describe this defensive phenomenon is:

 

  1. ​Cultural disconnection
  2. ​Psychological submissiveness

*c. ​Healthy paranoia

  1. ​Cultural maladjustment

 

 

  1. ​Group practitioners need to be aware that hesitation to participate in a group may be more the result of __________ than of an uncooperative attitude.

 

  1. ​lack of trust
  2. ​anxiety

*c. ​cultural background

  1. ​uncooperation

 

 

  1. ​Asking group members to pair up with those of their choosing for self-disclosure exercises is:

 

  1. ​A bad idea: It leads to over-dependency
  2. ​A bad idea: It can lead to projection and transference

*c. ​A good idea: It lowers the level of perceived threat

  1. ​A good idea: Cohesive groups can then become smaller, tighter groups that will then meet exclusively on their own in future sessions

 

 

  1. ​If ________________ (s) is/are brought to the forefront and dealt with constructively, a negative can be turned into something therapeutic.

 

*a. ​hidden agendas

  1. ​physical threats — one counselee to the other —
  2. ​breaches in confidentiality
  3. ​laughter

 

 

  1. ​Yolanda is cursing at other members in the group and occasionally at the leader himself. Other than the curses, she is silent. It is interfering with the group, which, as a whole, can’t bypass these outbursts. Something must give. The leader should pay particular attention to:

 

  1. ​The severity of the curses
  2. ​Yolanda’s past history
  3. ​The lowering of her (the leader’s) status as an effective controller

*d. ​What Yolanda is not saying

 

 

  1. ​Conflict is most likely to occur during which stage of a therapeutic group?

 

  1. ​Final

*b. ​Transition

  1. ​Orientation
  2. ​Equally during all stages

 

 

  1. ​Steering or redirecting a group member to the here-and-now:

 

  1. ​Is always the method of choice
  2. ​Always results in a positive outcome
  3. ​Helps the group progress always

*d. ​Can be limiting and negative when the subject is grief

 

 

  1. ​Before trust is fully established, “self-disclosure” on the part of members has a strong tendency to be all of the following EXCEPT:

 

*a. ​Spontaneous

  1. ​Superficial
  2. ​Low risk
  3. ​Rehearsed

 

 

  1. ​Sherman and Belinda are co-leading a group. One is nurturing and sensitive while the other is more direct, some even say “a bit too pushy.” Which of the following statements is true?

 

  1. ​These styles balance themselves out nicely

*b. ​The difference in style can be detrimental

  1. ​According to experts (Yalom) (Burlingame), it is essential for members to be exposed to all types of people in life, and group therapy is no different
  2. ​One of the co-leaders should be replaced if the group becomes “stuck” for this reason

 

 

  1. ​Which of the following is an example of improperly “attending” to (a) member(s) of the group?

 

  1. ​Prompting members to express how they are feeling “bodily”
  2. ​Paying attention to nonverbal behavior
  3. ​Asking questions to probe for additional details

*d. ​Selective listening

 

 

  1. ​Tuning into the ____________ feelings and experiences of another person is ____________.

 

  1. ​objective/sympathy
  2. ​perceived/genuineness

*c. ​subjective/empathy

  1. ​subjective/respect

 

 

  1. ​“Peter, I greatly value the authority, advice and experience that you bring to the group; however, please remember, the group has a leader, and that leader is me.” This is an example of:

 

  1. ​Therapeutic resolution
  2. ​Positive dispute resolution

*c. ​Caring confrontation

  1. ​Therapeutic risk-taking

 

 

  1. ​The responsibility of group leaders in assisting members in the development of their personal goals should be done in a “_____________” manner.

 

*a. ​collaborative

  1. ​challenging
  2. ​respectful
  3. ​structured

 

 

  1. ​Asking members how they _______________ with conflict within a group is a recommended means to assist in dealing with it when, and if, it arises.

 

  1. ​promise to deal

*b. ​predict how they would deal

  1. ​neglect to deal
  2. ​as a child used to deal

 

 

  1. ​Leaders should avoid __________ until they have earned that right by building a trusting relationship with the members.

 

*a. ​confrontational interventions

  1. ​self-disclosing
  2. ​empathic responses
  3. ​active listening

 

 

  1. ​The setting and reinforcement of clearly spelled-out group norms is a recommended way of ensuring group __________.

 

  1. ​success
  2. ​communication
  3. ​confrontation

*d. ​cohesion

 

 

  1. ​Which of the following is not a recommended manner of closing a regular group session (a regular session, not the final session)?

 

  1. ​Leaving unanswered questions
  2. ​Giving homework
  3. ​Asking members what they don’t like about the group

*d. ​Limiting members to giving feedback to the leader but not to their peers

 

 

  1. ​__________ is the ability to tune in to what others are subjectively experiencing and to see the world through their eyes.

 

  1. ​Nonverbal behavior
  2. ​Genuineness

*c. ​Empathy

  1. ​Self-Disclosure

 

 

  1. ​Personal __________, by the leader, can be useful when it is intentional and keeps the focus of attention on the group members rather than on the leader.

 

*a. ​self-disclosure

  1. ​empathy
  2. ​respect
  3. ​goals

 

 

  1. ​The process of __________ is important both at the beginning of a new group and at intervals as the group evolves as they are met.

 

  1. ​understanding genuineness
  2. ​self-discloser by the leader
  3. ​setting goals

*d. ​decreasing trust

 

 

  1. ​Three key constructs capture the essence of the therapeutic relationship in group treatment. Which of the following is NOT one of these constructs?

 

  1. ​Group climate

*b. ​Discrimination

  1. ​Cohesion
  2. ​Alliances

 

 

  1. ​__________ is essential if members are to feel a sense of safety in a group.

 

  1. ​Conflict
  2. ​Negative behavior
  3. ​A limited goal

*d. ​Confidentiality

 

 

  1. ​Sometimes members keep their feelings of disinterest, anger, or disappointment a secret from the rest of the group. It is most important that __________ related to the group process be aired.

 

  1. ​self-disclosure
  2. ​healthy paranoia

*c. ​persistent feelings

  1. ​selective listening

 

 

  1. ​__________ is not a process of making oneself psychologically naked. Members need to understand that they are responsible for deciding what, how much, and when they will share personal conflicts pertaining to their everyday life.

 

*a. ​Self-disclosure

  1. ​Empathy
  2. ​Trust
  3. ​Clarifying goals

 

 

  1. ​__________ provide a valuable opportunity to reinforce and extend the benefits of the work done during therapy sessions.

 

  1. ​Hidden agendas
  2. ​Selective listening

*c. ​Homework assignments

  1. ​Caring confrontation

 

 

  1. ​When differences between leaders result in conflict between them, it can be a source of __________ for both members and leaders.

 

  1. ​empathy

*b. ​anxiety

  1. ​trust
  2. ​collaboration

 

 

  1. ​Many short-term psychoeducational groups are structured around:

 

*a. ​a series of topics.

  1. ​emotional issues from childhood.
  2. ​dream work.
  3. ​psychological submissiveness.

 

 

  1. ​__________ can be thought of as “awareness of present experience with acceptance.”

 

  1. ​Self-disclosure

*b. ​Mindfulness

  1. ​Automatic thoughts
  2. ​Guardedness

 

 

  1. ​The __________ done prior to beginning a group helps us learn the history of group
    members, which enables us to better understand some of their reactions during the group     process.

 

  1. ​therapeutic homework

*b. ​screening processes

  1. ​cognitive restructuring
  2. ​cultural conditioning

 

 

  1. ​A characteristic of many members in beginning groups is the tendency to:

 

  1. ​talk about their deep feelings.
  2. ​experience a healthy cathartic event.
  3. ​express persistent feelings and talk through the issues.

*d. ​talk about others and to focus on people and situations outside of the group.

 

 

  1. Some participants may engage in __________, believing they are really working, when in fact they are avoiding addressing and dealing with their own feelings.

 

  1. ​empathy
  2. ​self-disclosure

*c. ​storytelling

  1. ​feedback

Chapter 7

  1. Before groups progress to a level of deeper work, which we refer to as the working stage, they typically experience a:​

 

  1. ​Orientation
  2. ​Working Stage
  3. ​Final Stage

*d. ​Transitional Phase

 

 

  1. A term used to describe the group’s barrier toward advancement in the Transition stage is:​

 

  1. ​Restive

*b. ​Resistance

  1. ​Hyper-productive
  2. ​Counterproductive

 

 

  1. During the transition phase, groups are often characterized by all of the following EXCEPT:​

 

  1. ​anxiety
  2. ​resistance
  3. ​various problems of problematic behaviors

*d. ​connections with each other and the leaders

 

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT considered a critical-to-address characteristic of the Transition Stage?​

 

*a. ​One’s childhood experiences

  1. ​Conflict
  2. ​Fears
  3. ​Control issues

 

 

  1. ​Which of the following is a clear sign that trust is being built within the group?

 

  1. ​Storytelling is commonplace
  2. ​Members have split into cliques and smaller groups
  3. ​Members depend on the leader to take charge

*d. ​Members speak openly of their agendas

 

 

  1. ​Each member must actively work to open him- or herself to ____________ others and to addressing the issues that get in the way of doing so.

 

  1. ​confronting
  2. ​challenging

*c. ​trusting

  1. ​supporting

 

 

  1. According to the psychoanalytic perspective, resistance is defined as the individual’s reluctance to bring into conscious __________ that has been previously repressed or denied.​

 

*a. ​awareness

  1. ​agreement
  2. ​conscious material
  3. ​threatening material

 

 

  1. When a group member responds to a question with “I don’t know,” which is the best response from the leader?​

 

  1. ​What makes it difficult for you to be here?
  2. ​What or whom do you want to get away from?
  3. ​What are you saying to each other?

*d. ​Pretend you know. And if you did know, what might you say? What do you know?

 

 

  1. __________ originating from the client’s conflicts is considered a healthy and normal part of therapy, and the therapist’s job is to remain neutral. ​

 

  1. ​Resistance
  2. Countertransference​

*c. ​Transference

  1. ​Confrontation

 

 

  1. De Shazer (1984) attributes most instances of a client’s failure to overcome resistance to:​

 

*a. ​The practitioner

  1. ​The client
  2. ​An incorrect theoretical approach
  3. ​An ineffective member-to-group fit

 

 

  1. It should be stressed to group members that while engaging in self-disclosure, they can still retain a sense of: ​

 

  1. ​Dignity

*b. ​Privacy

  1. ​Control
  2. ​Respect

 

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT a legitimate fear associated with members of a therapeutic group?​

 

  1. ​“What if somebody tries to hug me? I hate being touched.”
  2. ​“If pushed too hard, I might hurt somebody.”
  3. ​“I might bore others if I speak up.”

*d. ​“I’m getting married soon. At the wedding, what if somebody recognizes my therapist?”

 

 

  1. ​Satish has been holding back his feelings in the face of a fellow group member who has been making disparaging remarks about a third member under his breath. He feels, finally, ready to confront the offender. Which of the following is a legitimate form of confronting?

 

  1. ​Revealing what he has overheard, then becoming silent
  2. ​Challenging the offender’s integrity
  3. ​Telling the offender what is wrong with him

*d. ​Doing so with the goal of growing closer

 

 

  1. Penelope is the most difficult client whom group leader Ari has had to deal with in his 30 years of practice. She is disruptive, rude, overbearing and confrontational. Just now, an intense argument was initiated by Penelope. Two other members have threatened to quit the group. Which of the following is correct?​

 

  1. ​Ethically, Ari must dismiss Penelope to preserve the group
  2. ​Ari should quash the conflict temporarily in favor of a “cooling-off” period

*c. ​Ari should state his observations and hunches in a tentative manner

  1. ​Ari should respond in-kind to Penelope to see how she feels when presented with “her” behavior

 

 

  1. A group member is silent. It seems by his nonverbal behavior that he has something to say. The leader asks herself in contemplation, “Is he waiting for me to call on him?” Is this a legitimate concern?​

 

  1. No; members were told they could speak freely​
  2. ​Probably; the member exhibits many childish behaviors
  3. ​No, the member is 42 years old and quite well-adjusted

*d. ​Maybe; it could be politeness

 

 

  1. It is important to educate non-participatory or minimally participatory members that others in the group are likely to react to them with:​

 

  1. ​Transference
  2. ​Counter-transference

*c. ​Projection

  1. ​Regression

 

 

  1. Mort works in a position of authority. He is a college guidance counselor. He is now a member of a court-mandated group. When others speak of their problems, he is always the first to react, even at the risk of cutting off other would-be responders. He seems to speak more than any other member. His behaviors could legitimately be construed as: ​

 

  1. ​Well-meaning, altruistic and in many ways productive
  2. ​Participatory, therefore acceptable

*c. ​Monopolizing

  1. ​Being worthy of dismissal; they are highly-disruptive

 

 

  1. When storytelling takes place in a/an ____________ manner, it is considered to be _____________.​

 

  1. ​reactionary/repressive

*b. ​detached/defensive

  1. ​hostile/dissociative
  2. ​any/productive

 

 

  1. Being “parental” toward group members is: ​

 

*a. ​Counterproductive and can represent a dependency issue on the part of the practitioner

  1. ​Always a legitimate method of fostering progress
  2. ​Insulting
  3. ​Acceptable when the members are low functioning and/or have lacked parents as proper role models

 

 

  1. A group member openly challenges co-leaders simultaneously. The co-leaders should: ​

 

  1. ​Always meet privately to discuss a reaction
  2. ​React with a united front at all costs; the most important aspect of the reaction is consistency and solidarity between leaders
  3. ​Always address the issue before the entire group; it is the group’s business

*d. ​Address the issue objectively — at all costs — either privately or in front of the group

 

 

  1. Rather than attempting to eliminate leader __________, the leaders should use their reactions in productive and therapeutic ways.​

 

  1. ​transference

*b. ​countertransference

  1. ​communication
  2. ​projection

 

 

  1. ​ A central role of members at this time is to recognize and deal with the many forms of

__________.

 

  1. ​transference
  2. ​countertransference

*c. ​resistance

  1. ​change

 

 

  1. During a group session, the only Persian member and another member ended up in a heated debate about cultural differences. The leader, also Persian, was caught off guard and unsure of how to address the situation in the moment, struggling with an internal conflict. What was the leader’s fear?​

 

  1. ​Connecting with the Persian member.
  2. ​Overidentifying with the non-Persian member.
  3. ​Connecting with the non-Persian member.

*d. ​Overidentifying with the Persian member.

 

 

  1. __________ underlies much of members’ behavior in the transitional phase.​

 

  1. ​Acceptance

*b. ​Anxiety and defensiveness

  1. ​A willingness to share personal information
  2. ​Relief and joy

 

 

  1. Be aware of your power as the group leader, and recognize the impact of the power __________ between members and leaders.​

 

*a. ​differential

  1. ​parallel
  2. ​compatibility
  3. ​equivalence

 

 

  1. Even the thought of __________ is sometimes overwhelming and can stop a person before he or she has begun.​

 

  1. ​peace
  2. ​rest

*c. ​change

  1. ​relationship

 

 

  1. Some members may lack understanding or experience in participating in groups, and their struggle to learn new behavior patterns should not be labeled as __________.​

 

  1. ​aggressive
  2. ​peaceful
  3. ​forceful

*d. ​defensive

 

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT a prompt a leader will use when asking members to complete sentences?​

 

  1. ​One thing I am afraid to say in this group is . . .

*b. ​The member in the group that makes you most angry is…

  1. ​It is difficult for me to trust people because . . .
  2. ​If you really knew me, you would . . .

 

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT a problem that can develop between leaders during this time?​

 

*a. ​Countertransference as healing.

  1. ​Challenges to both leaders.
  2. ​Dealing with problem behaviors.
  3. ​Negative reactions toward one leader.

 

 

  1. Members of an involuntary group may exhibit a lack of cooperation through __________.​

 

  1. ​openness
  2. ​sharing appropriately

*c. ​sarcasm and silence

  1. ​connecting

 

 

  1. ​The __________ is a critical period in the history of the group.

 

  1. ​initial phase

*b. ​transition stage

  1. ​final stage
  2. ​working stage

 

 

  1. It is important not to respond with __________ when dealing with a client who does not want to participate.

 

  1. ​openness
  2. ​sharing
  3. ​acceptance

*d. ​defensiveness

 

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT an intervention statement that may increase the odds that an involuntary member will become a voluntary participant?​

 

*a. ​You have to be here so you might as well enjoy it and make the most of it.

  1. ​What do you know about counseling? Have you ever participated in a group?
  2. ​How do you cope with having to do something you don’t want to do?
  3. ​Many group members have felt the same way you do now. Maybe they could tell you what it was like for them.

 

 

  1. _________ might be things such as a lack of support from others, limited resources, oppressive circumstances, or threat of negative reactions from others.​

 

  1. ​Internal barriers

*b. ​External barriers

  1. ​Different barriers
  2. ​Hyperactive barriers

 

 

  1. __________ to change are the beliefs we have about ourselves and the things we say that sabotage our successes along the way.​

 

  1. ​Hyperactive barriers
  2. ​Different barriers
  3. ​External barriers

*d. ​Internal barriers

 

 

  1. It is important for leaders to process their reactions after the group at a later time. Which of the following is NOT a way to process?​

 

  1. ​Self-reflection
  2. ​Supervision

*c. ​Defensiveness

  1. ​Consultation

 

 

  1. A __________ therapist who is interested primarily in clients’ welfare will not encourage members to remain in an inferior position.​

 

*a. ​self-aware

  1. ​self-confident
  2. ​self- absorbed
  3. ​self-critical

 

 

  1. Individuals from __________ groups may find it difficult to understand the experience of those who are not.​

 

  1. ​hardship
  2. ​lower class
  3. ​poverty

*d. ​privileged

 

 

  1. __________ is indicated by a leader’s exaggerated and persistent feelings that tend to recur with various clients in various groups.​

 

  1. ​Resistance
  2. ​Transference

*c. ​Countertransference

  1. ​Change

 

 

  1. The __________ leader who depends on clients’ subordinate position for a sense of adequacy and power will tend to keep the group members powerless.​

 

*a. ​insecure

  1. ​secure
  2. ​confident
  3. ​non-defensive

 

 

  1. The major task is to provide the __________ and the challenge necessary for members to face and resolve conflicts and negative reactions that exist within the group and certain

behaviors that stem from their defenses against anxiety.​

 

  1. ​confrontation

*b. ​encouragement

  1. ​trial
  2. ​experiment

 

 

  1. If a member states, “I don’t know what to say to my father” during a role play, the best response from the leader will be:​

 

  1. ​What made you come if you didn’t want to be here today?
  2. ​What or whom do you want to get away from?

*c. ​If this is the last chance you have to speak to him, what do you want to tell him?

  1. ​What do you imagine will happen if you don’t talk about it?

 

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT a tip listed in the book for listening and giving feedback?​

 

  1. ​Refrain from making too many comments or asking questions of the person who is sharing.
  2. ​If you do relate to what the person is sharing, be cautious in your comments so you do not take the spotlight away from the person who is sharing.
  3. ​As an observer, your role is to listen without making interpretations about what you see.

*d. ​If you do not relate to what the person is sharing, it is important to let them know in detailed explanation.

 

 

  1. Members can gain __________ into the ways their unresolved conflicts create certain patterns of dysfunctional behavior.​

 

*a. ​insight

  1. ​challenges
  2. ​anger
  3. ​disgust

 

 

  1. Depending on how conflict and resistance are handled, the group can take a turn for:​

 

  1. ​the better only.
  2. ​the worse only.

*c. ​the better or for the worse.

  1. ​experimental training.

 

 

  1. One of the benefits of a therapeutic group is that members can explore how their __________ are playing out in present interactions.​

 

  1. ​employer’s experiences

*b. ​past experiences

  1. ​future experience
  2. ​current interactions

 

 

  1. If a member states, “I’m very uncomfortable with the anger in the group” during a role play, the best response from the leader will be:​

 

  1. ​Say the first thing that comes to your mind.
  2. ​Tell your father what stops you from talking to him.
  3. ​What makes it difficult for you to be here?

*d. ​What happens when people express their anger in your life?

 

 

  1. The __________ reactions members develop toward the group leader and other members can bring out intense feelings in those who are the target of their reactions.​

 

*a. ​transference

  1. ​insight
  2. ​challenging
  3. ​experimental

 

 

  1. It is a __________ to dwell almost exclusively on strategies for “curing” problem members while ignoring your own personal reactions to such problematic behaviors.​

 

  1. ​good idea
  2. ​difficult decision
  3. ​perfect idea

*d. ​mistake

 

 

  1. If a member states, “I don’t want to be here” during a role play, the best response from the leader will be:​

 

  1. ​Say the first thing that comes to your mind.
  2. ​Tell your father what stops you from talking to him.

*c. ​What makes it difficult for you to be here?

  1. ​What happens when people express their anger in your life?