Human Biology 11th Edition-Sylvia S. Mader – Test Bank  

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Human Biology 11th Edition-Sylvia S. Mader – Test Bank

 

 Sample  Questions

 

Chapter 05

Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. ________ tissues are important in assisting the cardiovascular system by collecting excess tissue fluid and eventually returning it to the cardiovascular system.
    A.Pulmonary
    B. Vascular
    C. Lymphatic
    D. Gastric
    E. Urinary

Lymphatic tissues are important in assisting the cardiovascular system by collecting excess tissue fluid and eventually returning it to the cardiovascular system.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.1
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. The innermost layer of an artery is known as the ____.
    A.mesothelium
    B. endothelium
    C. exothelium
    D. hyperthelium
    E. hypothelium

The innermost layer of an artery is known as the endothelium.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. Which of the following blood vessels are the only ones small, thin, and porous enough to exchange substances at the tissue level of organization?
    A.arterioles
    B. capillaries
    C. venules
    D. small arteries
    E. none of the above

Capillaries are narrow, microscopic tubes that are porous enough to allow for the exchange of substances at the tissue level of organization.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. What structure within a capillary bed shunts blood from the arteriole to the venule?
    A.precapillary valve
    B. endothelium
    C. precapillary sphincter
    D. pericardium
    E. shunt valve

The precapillary sphincter shunts blood from the arteriole to the venule.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. When dissecting a specimen, Barry noticed that the arteries are thicker and more elastic than the veins. Why are the arteries different from the veins?
    A.Veins have to return blood to the heart against gravity
    B. Arteries are thicker because the contain a greater volume of blood
    C. Veins have valves
    D. Arteries are under greater pressure
    E. None of the above

Arteries are thicker and more elastic than veins because they are under greater pressure.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.2
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. Choose the most correct statement concerning capillaries.
    A.Networks of capillaries are called capillary nets.
    B. Almost all capillaries are open at the same time.
    C. The only site of nutrient, gas exchange, and waste exchange is the capillaries.
    D. Pre-capillary sphincters contract to increase capillary flow.
    E. None of the choices are correct.

The only site of nutrient, gas exchange, and waste exchange is the capillaries.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. What is the function of valves in the veins?
    A.increase the rate of blood flow
    B. prevent the backward flow of blood
    C. regulation of blood pressure
    D. oxygenate the blood
    E. None of the above

In the lower extremities, valves prevent the backflow of blood from occurring.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. The ______ serve as a reservoir for blood.
    A.veins
    B. lungs
    C. lymphatic vessels
    D. capillaries
    E. arterioles

Veins can serve as a blood reservoir

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. Dr. Ferguson explained that in a condition known as situs inversus, the internal organs are reversed in their orientation. Thus, the apex of the heart would be oriented to the ___.
    A.middle
    B. right
    C. left
    D. front
    E. back

In situs inversus the apex of the heart is tilted to the right.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. The ______ is a thick, membranous sac that surrounds and protects the heart.
    A.mesothelium
    B. endothelium
    C. pericardium
    D. myocardium
    E. epicardium

The pericardium is a thick, membranous sac that surrounds and protects the heart.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. The upper chambers of the heart are known as the:
    A.atria
    B. auricles
    C. AV valves
    D. ventricles
    E. septa

The atria are the upper collecting chambers of the heart.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. Choose the correct statement concerning the heart.
    A.The heart is cone-shaped.
    B. The heart is about the size of human fist.
    C. The heart is normally tilted toward the left.
    D. The heart is between the lungs.
    E. All of the choices are correct.

The heart is a cone shaped organ located between the lungs. The heart is about the size of a human fist and normally oriented towards the left.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. The ____________ are known as the “strings of the heart”.
    A.cingulated pectorale
    B. chordae tendinae
    C. corpus albicans
    D. corpus callosum
    E. choroid plexus

The chordae tendinae are strong fibrous strings that serve to anchor the valves of the heart.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. Choose the correct statement regarding the anatomical features of the heart.
    A.The chordae tendineae attach to the atrial walls.
    B. The tricuspid valve is on the left side of the heart.
    C. The only function of heart valves is to prevent backflow.
    D. Pulmonary semi-lunar valves exit the left ventricle.
    E. None of the choices are correct.

The valves of the heart serve to prevent backflow of blood.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. The two lower pumping chambers of the heart are known as the _____.
    A.atria
    B. chordae tendinae
    C. septa
    D. ventricles
    E. myocardia

The two lower pumping chambers of the heart are known as the ventricles.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. The heart muscle is known as the ______________.
    A.epicardium
    B. mesocardium
    C. pericardium
    D. myocardium
    E. none of the above

The heart muscle is known as the myocardium.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. Shelley noticed that cardiac muscle possessed intercalated discs. She determined that these structures were important in allowing heart muscle cells to:
    A.simultaneously contract
    B. work independently
    C. conserve energy
    D. pool blood
    E. none of the above

Intercalated discs help the heart cells beat simultaneously.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. The coronary arteries:
    A.have a small diameter
    B. serve to provide blood to the heart
    C. lie on the exterior surface of the heart
    D. tend to become clogged
    E. all of the above

The coronary arteries lying on the exterior surface of the heart serve to provide the heart with blood. Since they are thin, they have a tendency to become clogged.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. The venae cavae carry low-oxygen blood to the ______ of the heart.
    A.right ventricle
    B. right atrium
    C. left ventricle
    D. left atrium
    E. chordae tendinae

The venae cavae carry low-oxygen blood to the right atrium of the heart.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. Follow the blood flow through the heart. Choose the correct statement concerning cardiac blood flow.
    A.The vena cavae contain oxygenated blood.
    B. The left atrium receives oxygenated blood from the pulmonary vein.
    C. The right atrium sends blood through the bicuspid valve.
    D. Pulmonary veins carry deoxygenated blood.
    E. none of the above

In the heart, the left atrium receives oxygenated blood from the pulmonary vein.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. Follow the blood flow through the heart. Choose the correct statement concerning cardiac blood flow.
    A.The vena cava contains deoxygenated blood.
    B. The semilunar valves prevent backflow into the atria.
    C. The left atrium sends blood through the tricuspid valve.
    D. Pulmonary arteries carry oxygenated blood.

In the heart, the vena cava contains deoxygenated blood.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. Monica was concerned when her physician told her that she had a heart murmur. What is true concerning a murmur?
    A.Murmurs result from leaky valves
    B. Blood passes back into the aorta after the AV valves have closed
    C. Murmurs sound like a swoosh
    D. Murmurs can result from bacterial infections
    E. All of the above

Murmurs sound like a swooshing sound as the result of leaky valves that allows blood to pass back into the aorta after the AV valves have closed. Bacterial infections can cause murmurs.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. Which structure initiates the normal contraction impulse in the heart and is known as the pacemaker?
    A.SA node
    B. AV node
    C. ectopic pacemaker
    D. Purkinje fibers
    E. None of the above

The SA node (sinoatrial node) serves as the pacemaker of the heart initiating the normal contraction impulse in the heart.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. Which structure conducts the contraction impulse from the atria to the ventricles?
    A.SA node
    B. AV node
    C. ectopic pacemaker
    D. Purkinje fibers
    E. None of the above

The AV node (atrioventricular node) conducts the contraction impulse from the atria to the ventricles

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. Choose the following statement that is not accurate concerning the internal conduction system of the heart.
    A.SA node is on the superior dorsal wall of the right atrium.
    B. The AV node is at the base of the right atrium.
    C. The AV bundle has two branches.
    D. The Purkinje fibers are found in the atria of the heart.
    E. none of the above

Purkinje fibers are not found in the atria of the heart.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. The cardiac control center is located in the _______________.
    A.Purkinje fibers
    B. atrioventricular node
    C. sinoatrial node
    D. medulla oblongata
    E. cerebrum

The cardiac control center is located in the medulla oblongata of the brain.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. Walking down the dark road after watching a scary movie caused Tina’s heart to race. The _________ nervous system can cause the heart to beat fast.
    A.peripheral
    B. parasympathetic
    C. somatic
    D. sympathetic
    E. none of the above

The sympathetic nervous system can cause the heart to beat fast.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. The cardiologist informed Mr. Kirk that he had an enlarged P wave as the result of bicuspid (mitral) valve stenosis. The P wave indicates that the atria;
    A.have relaxed
    B. have contracted
    C. are about to contract
    D. are about to relax
    E. none of the above

The P wave indicates that the atria are about to contract.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. The cardiologist recommended performing another ECG on Mr. Kirk in order to:
    A.identify personal ECG patterns
    B. audibly detect heart murmurs
    C. detect cardiac abnormalities
    D. keep a personal record of the ECG on file
    E. audibly detect heart murmurs and detect cardiac abnormalities

The ECG is used to detect cardiac abnormalities.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.3
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. The alternating expansion and recoiling of an arterial wall can be felt as ______.
    A.fasciculation
    B. pressure
    C. flow
    D. a pulse
    E. a vibration

The alternating expansion and recoiling of an arterial wall can be felt as the pulse.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.4
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. ______ pressure occurs when the ventricles are relaxing and _______ occurs when the heart ejects blood.
    A.Systolic, diastolic
    B. Diastolic, systolic
    C. Pulmonary, ventricular
    D. Ventricular, pulmonary
    E. none of the above

Diastolic pressure occurs when the ventricles are relaxing and systolic occurs when the heart ejects blood.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.4
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. Mrs. Hinson was informed that her blood pressure was 150/95. These numbers indicate that she has __________.
    A.normal blood pressure
    B. prehypertension
    C. hypotension
    D. stage 1 hypertension
    E. stage 2 hypertension

Mrs. Hinson is suffering from stage 1 hypertension.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.4
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. An instrument that is used to measure blood pressure is known as a/an ___.
    A.stethoscope
    B. gas chromatograph
    C. sphygmomanometer
    D. Coulter counter
    E. None of the above

A sphygmomanometer is an instrument used to measure blood pressure.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.4
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. The physician’s report stated that Lisa fainted or had a syncope event. What causes this phenomenon?
    A.The brain was deprived of oxygen
    B. Blood pools in the heart
    C. Too much blood is sent to the brain
    D. Valves in the vein stop functioning
    E. None of the above

Fainting or syncope is a result of the brain being deprived of oxygen.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.4
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. Varicose veins of the anal region are called ____.
    A.polyps
    B. hemorrhoids
    C. pediculosis
    D. pruritus
    E. petichia

Varicose veins of the anal region are called hemorrhoids.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: Have you ever wondered?
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. Blood pressure ______ with distance from the left ventricle.
    A.decreases
    B. increases
    C. stays the same
    D. increases, then decreases
    E. varies

Blood pressure decreases with distance from the left ventricle.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.4
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. The largest artery in the systemic circuit is the ______.
    A.anterior vena cava
    B. pulmonary vein
    C. aorta
    D. femoral artery
    E. carotid artery

The aorta is the largest artery in the systemic circuit.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.5
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. Physicians are concerned that blood supply impeded by clogging of the ______ artery will not allow enough blood to the heart.
    A.Femoral
    B. Carotid
    C. Pulmonary
    D. Hepatic
    E. coronary

The coronary arteries supply blood to the heart.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.5
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. The _____ system drains blood from the capillary beds of the digestive tract to a capillary bed in the liver.
    A.cephalic
    B. hepatic portal
    C. coronary
    D. celiac
    E. lymphatic

The hepatic portal system drains blood from the capillary beds of the digestive tract to a capillary bed in the liver.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.5
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. Plasma proteins such as albumens are important in establishing the ____ pressure of the blood.
    A.dynamic
    B. turgor
    C. osmotic
    D. coronary
    E. hepatic

Plasma proteins such as albumens are important in establishing the osmotic pressure of the blood.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.6
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. The lymphatic system serves to _________.
    A.take up excess tissue fluid and return it to the bloodstream
    B. absorb fats in the intestinal villi and transport them to the bloodstream
    C. help defend the body against disease
    D. does all of the above
    E. none of the above

The lymphatic system: takes up excess tissue fluid and returns it to the bloodstream, absorbs fats in the intestinal villi and transports them to the bloodstream, and helps to defend the body against disease.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.6
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. Small, round structures that cleanse the lymph of debris and pathogens are called ________.
    A.lymphatic capillaries
    B. lymph nodes
    C. lymph valves
    D. lacteals
    E. polyps

Small, round structures that cleanse the lymph of debris and pathogens are called lymph nodes.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.6
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. The physician explained that Sonny suffered from a ballooning or bulging of a blood vessel or ______.
    A.embolus
    B. aneurysm
    C. thrombus
    D. myocardial infarction
    E. stroke

An aneurysm is another name for a ballooning or bulging of a blood vessel.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.7
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. Mr. Everett suffered from a thrombus. If the thrombus dislodges and enters the bloodstream it becomes a/an ___.
    A.angina
    B. aneurysm
    C. polyp
    D. embolus
    E. infarction

If the thrombus dislodges and enters the bloodstream it becomes an embolus.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.7
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. Choose the following activity that is not recommended for prevention of cardiovascular disease.
    A.Know your cholesterol level.
    B. Take antioxidant vitamins (A, E, and C).
    C. Raise the LDL intake.
    D. Use olive and canola oil rather than butter/cream.
    E. None of the above

Raising the low density lipoprotein level (LDL) is not recommended for the prevention of cardiovascular disease.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.7
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. When does atherosclerosis usually begin?
    A.after 40
    B. in early childhood
    C. during the 20s
    D. after 60
    E. at birth

Atherosclerosis usually begins in early childhood and builds up through the years.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.7
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. A stent is:
    A.a cylinder of expandable metal mesh that is positioned inside a coronary artery
    B. a time spent in recovery after coronary bypass surgery
    C. used to treat phlebitis
    D. used to wrap the heart in to prevent congestive heart failure
    E. none of the above

A stent is a cylinder of expandable metal mesh that is positioned inside a coronary artery.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.7
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. Mr. Thompson is suffering from pain and pressure in the chest and left arm, neck, jaw, and shoulder. These could be symptoms of ___________.
    A.hypertension
    B. atherosclerosis
    C. stroke
    D. angina pectoris
    E. thrombus

Some of the symptoms of angina pectoris include: pain and pressure in the chest and left arm, neck, jaw, and shoulder.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.7
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

 

  1. Blood clots can be dissolved by using:
    A.nitroglycerine tablets
    B. a stent
    C. t-PA
    D. VEGF
    E. prothrombin

Blood clots can be dissolved by using t-PA.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.7
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

  1. Difficulties in adult heart transplants include:
    A.hearts are not readily available
    B. immune rejection
    C. sizes of hearts differ greatly
    D. hearts are not readily available and immune rejection
    E. All of the choices are correct.

Two of the major problems in adult heart transplants are the availability of hearts and immune rejection.

 

Chapter reference: 5
Figure/section reference: 5.7
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Heart and Blood Vessels

Chapter 07

Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. ___________ are organisms such as viruses and bacteria that are capable of causing disease.
    A.Symbionts
    B. Teratogens
    C. Carcinogens
    D. Mutagens
    E. Pathogens

Pathogens are organisms such as viruses and bacteria that are capable of causing disease.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: 7.1
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. Which of the following is mismatched concerning the general shape of bacteria?
    A.Cocci – spherical
    B. Bacilli – rod shaped
    C. Spirilli – spiral shaped
    D. All of the above are correct
    E. All of the above are incorrect

Cocci are spherical in shape, bacilli are rod shaped, and spirilli are spiral shaped bacteria.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: 7.1
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. The physician prescribed methicillin for Melissa’s Staphylococcus infection. He explained to Melissa that certain bacteria such as the Gram positive forms are more sensitive to the “cillin” based drugs. The mode of action of the drug is to:
    A.inhibit ribosomal activity
    B. interfere with the production of the bacterial cell wall
    C. denature bacterial DNA
    D. speed up bacterial metabolism
    E. none of the above

Methicillin and other “cillin” drugs are used against certain bacteria because they interfere with the production of the cell wall.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: 7.1
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. ________ exist in some bacteria and prevent them from being destroyed by phagocytic white blood cells and certain one-celled organisms.
    A.Pili
    B. Fimbrae
    C. Flagella
    D. Plasmids
    E. Capsules

Capsules exist in some bacteria and prevent them from being destroyed by phagocytic white blood cells and certain one-celled organisms.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: 7.1
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. Under ideal conditions, some species of bacteria can double their numbers every twelve minutes. This extraordinary ability is the result of bacteria being capable of ____.
    A.conjugation
    B. schizogony
    C. binary fission
    D. sexual reproduction
    E. sporogony

Under ideal conditions, some species of bacteria can double their numbers every twelve minutes. This extraordinary ability is the result of bacteria being capable of binary fission.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: 7.1
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. Tara new better but the salad bar was to tempting. Shortly after her meal on the way home she developed intense intestinal distress and had to make an emergency restroom stop at a local fast-food restaurant. This sudden attack was probably the result of ______.
    A.fungal spores
    B. virus adsorption
    C. bacterial toxins
    D. a parasitic amoeba
    E. parasitic worms in the lettuce

Discomfort after eating from a salad bar was probably caused by bacterial toxins.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: 7.1
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. Unfortunately many people think that all bacteria are bad, identify the positive contributions of some bacteria.
    A.bacteria can serve as decomposers in the environment
    B. bacteria are important in the wine, cheese and bread industry
    C. bacteria are important in biotechnology
    D. some bacteria are beneficial residents of the digestive tract
    E. All of the above

Bacteria are important because they can serve as decomposers in the environment, are important in the wine, cheese and bread industry, are important in biotechnology, and some bacteria are beneficial residents of the digestive tract.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: 7.1
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. An additional ring of DNA found in some bacteria is called a:
    A.fimbriae
    B. plasmid
    C. prion
    D. cytokine
    E. pili

An additional ring of DNA found in some bacteria is called a plasmid.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: 7.1
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. Choose the following statement that most accurately describes viruses.
    A.They contain a protein coat called a capsid.
    B. They may contain genomic DNA or RNA.
    C. They are acellular.
    D. They are obligate intracellular parasites.
    E. All of the choices are correct.

Viruses are acellular, obligative parasites that contain a protein coat called a capsid. Viruses may contain either DNA or RNA as their genetic material.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: 7.1
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. Viruses are capable of multiplying in a host cell because:
    A.the cell’s DNA directs the production of new viruses
    B. the mitochondria become new viruses
    C. viral DNA instructs the cell to produce more of the virus
    D. the cell offers nutrients and protection

Viruses are capable of multiplying in a host cell because viral DNA instructs the cell to produce more of the virus.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: 7.1
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. Identify the viral disease:
    A.tetanus
    B. strep throat
    C. polio
    D. anthrax
    E. none of the above

Polio is a viral disease.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: 7.1
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. Which of the following diseases is not caused by a prion?
    A.Creutzfeldt-Jakob syndrome
    B. mad cow disease
    C. scrapie
    D. gangrene
    E. bovine spongiform encephalopathy

Gangrene is not caused by a prion

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: 7.1
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. Prions cause degenerative diseases of the _________ system.
    A.cardiovascular
    B. digestive
    C. urinary
    D. lymphatic
    E. nervous

Prions cause degenerative diseases of the nervous system.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: 7.1
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. New viral pathogens can emerge when:
    A.they are transported to different parts of the world
    B. the virus mutates
    C. the virus can be transmitted by a new vector
    D. the immune system cannot recognize a change in the virus
    E. All of the choices are correct.

New viral pathogens can emerge when the virus mutates, the virus can be transmitted by a new vector, the virus is transported to different parts of the world, and the host’s immune system cannot recognize a change in the virus.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: 7.1
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. Mary Mallon was a carrier for:
    A.anthrax
    B. botulism
    C. cholera
    D. typhoid fever
    E. AIDS

Mary Mallon was an immune carrier for typhoid fever, thus she was called Typhoid Mary.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Historical Focus
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. The lymphatic system:
    A.takes up excess tissue fluid, returns it to the bloodstream
    B. absorbs fats in the intestines
    C. helps the body defend against disease
    D. includes the spleen, thymus, and tonsils
    E. All of the choices are correct.

The lymphatic system takes up excess tissue fluid and returns it to the bloodstream, absorbs fats in the intestines, helps the body defend against disease, and includes the spleen, thymus, and tonsils.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: 7.2
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. Lymphatic capillaries called __________ are located in the small intestines.
    A.tonsils
    B. nodes
    C. polyps
    D. adenoids
    E. lacteals

Lymphatic capillaries called lacteals are located in the small intestines.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: 7.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. Choose the following that is not included as a lymphatic organ.
    A.lymph node, spleen
    B. tonsils, red bone marrow
    C. thymus gland, Peyer’s patches
    D. liver, kidney
    E. All of the choices are considered lymphatic organs.

The liver and the kidney are not lymphatic organs.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: 7.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. The movement of lymph within lymphatic capillaries is largely dependent upon:
    A.Peyer’s patches
    B. smooth muscle
    C. skeletal muscle
    D. lymph nodes
    E. none of the above

The movement of lymph within lymphatic capillaries is largely dependent upon skeletal muscle.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: 7.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. Red bone marrow and the ________ are considered primary lymphatic organs and lymph nodes and the _________ are considered secondary lymphatic organs.
    A.spleen, liver
    B. thymus, liver
    C. tonsils, thymus
    D. thymus, spleen
    E. spleen, tonsils

Red bone marrow and the thymus are considered primary lymphatic organs and lymph nodes and the spleen are considered secondary lymphatic organs.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: 7.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. The thymus becomes smaller with age as well as _____.
    A.produces chyme
    B. produces red blood cells
    C. helps prevent pathogens from entering the throat
    D. cleanses the blood
    E. helps T lymphocytes learn self from nonself

The thymus becomes smaller with age as well as helps T lymphocytes learn self from nonself.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.6
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. The tonsils are collecting crypts that help by:
    A.preventing pathogens from entering the nose and mouth
    B. cleansing the blood
    C. being lymphatic transport vessels
    D. having a white pulp containing lymphocytes
    E. being the origination point of all blood cells

The tonsils are collecting crypts that help by preventing pathogens from entering the nose and mouth.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.6
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. After the automobile accident, Randy needed a splenectomy. His surgeon removed the spleen because:
    A.it is not really necessary
    B. after an accident the spleen becomes under active
    C. after an accident the spleen becomes over active
    D. the spleen burst easily
    E. none of the above

As the result of trauma, the spleen can burst.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.2
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. Kelly was concerned about her lymph nodes in her neck being swollen. After feeling them, Dr. Bancroft explained that they were swollen because:
    A.her body was lacking thymosin
    B. her spleen was not functioning properly
    C. her body was fighting an infection
    D. she was having an allergic reaction
    E. none of the above

Dr Bancroft explained that Kelly’s lymph nodes were swollen because she was fighting an infection.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.2
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. Immunity is based on the recognition of antibody stimulating entities known as:
    A.antigens
    B. haptens
    C. foreign proteins
    D. thymosins
    E. polyps

Immunity is based on the recognition of antibody stimulating entities known as antigens.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. Which of the following is considered a nonspecific defense?
    A.barriers to entry
    B. inflammatory reaction
    C. natural killer cells
    D. protective proteins
    E. All of the choices are correct.

Nonspecific defenses include: barriers to entry, the inflammatory reaction, natural killer cells, and protective proteins.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. Which of the following are considered barriers to entry?
    A.skin
    B. mucous membranes
    C. lysozyme
    D. resident bacteria
    E. all of the above

The skin, mucous membranes, lysozyme, and resident bacteria serve as barriers to entry.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. Why did Heather eat yogurt after intense antibiotic treatment?
    A.to soothe her stomach
    B. to replace fluids
    C. to enhance her inflammatory response
    D. to replace her resident bacteria
    E. to relieve pain

Patients are encouraged to consume yogurt after taking antibiotics to restore the resident bacteria.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.3
Level of difficulty: Evaluate/Create
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. At the site of the cut, Rick was experiencing redness, swelling, pain, and warmth. These symptoms are part of the __________.
    A.nonspecific barriers
    B. antigen-antibody complex
    C. B cell complex
    D. interferon response
    E. inflammatory response

At the site of the cut, Rick was experiencing redness, swelling, pain, and warmth. These symptoms are part of the inflammatory response.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.3
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. ________ is an antibacterial enzyme found in tears, perspiration, and saliva.
    A.Pancrease
    B. Helicase
    C. Complement
    D. Lysozyme
    E. Interferon

Lysozyme is an antibacterial enzyme found in tears, perspiration, and saliva.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. Which of the following cause capillaries to dilate during the inflammatory response?
    A.Mast cells and cytokines
    B. Macrophages and mast cells
    C. Histamine and mast cells
    D. Interferon and mast cells
    E. Complement and interferon

Histamine and mast cells cause capillaries to dilate during the inflammatory response.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. Dr. Tinney explained that the presence of pus at the site of the wound indicated that:
    A.lymphocytes were active
    B. complement was working
    C. interferon was being synthesized
    D. neutrophils had lost their lives defending the body at the site of an injury
    E. monocytes were being destroyed

The presence of pus at the site of a wound indicates that neutrophils have lost their lives defending the body at the site of an injury.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.3
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. Certain complement proteins involved in the membrane attack complex kills foreign microbes ____________________.
    A.by creating perforins
    B. by causing them to burst
    C. by inactivating their ribosomes
    D. by agglutinating them
    E. by destroying their nucleic acids

Certain complement proteins involved in the membrane attack complex kills foreign microbes by causing them to burst.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. _______ inflammation can last for many weeks or even years.
    A.Acute
    B. Chronic
    C. Specific
    D. Polycystic
    E. None of the above

Chronic inflammation can last for many weeks or even years.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. _____________ are proteins produced by cells that are infected by a virus that serve to warn local non-infected cells.
    A.Macrophages
    B. Mast cells
    C. Complements
    D. Lysozymes
    E. Interferons

Interferons are proteins produced by cells that are infected by a virus that serve to warn local non-infected cells.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. Which of the following is not a step in the inflammatory response?
    A.Injured tissue cells and mast cells release histamine which causes capillaries to dilate to increase blood flow
    B. Complement and interferon attack pathogens
    C. A blood clot forms sealing off the wound
    D. Macrophages destroy pathogens and release cytokines which stimulate the inflammatory response
    E. Neutrophils and monocytes (become macrophages) squeeze through capillary walls and destroy pathogens.

Complement and interferon attack pathogens does not happen and is not a part of the inflammatory response.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.3
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. T cells can recognize antigens because:
    A.T cells have enzymes which react with antigens
    B. T cells possess specific receptors
    C. T cells produce antibodies
    D. T cells possess fimbrae
    E. None of the choices are correct.

T cells possess specific receptors that help them identify antigens.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.4
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. Which of the following is in the correct order?
    A.antigen binds to BCR; B cell divides; B cell activated; plasma cells form
    B. B cell activated; antigen binds to BCR; B cell divides; plasma cells form
    C. plasma cells form; B cell activated; B cell divides; antigen binds to BCR
    D. antigen binds to BCR; B cell activated; B cell divides; plasma cells form
    E. none of the above

The correct order is: antigen binds to BCR; B cell activated; B cell divides; plasma cells form.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.4
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. _________ is known as programmed cell death.
    A.Apoptosis
    B. Cytokinesis
    C. Necrosis
    D. Synthesis
    E. None of the above

Apoptosis is known as programmed cell death.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.4
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. ______ antibodies are the first produced by a newborn.
    A.IgG
    B. IgC
    C. IgM
    D. IgD
    E. IgA

IgM antibodies are the first produced by a newborn.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.4
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. Allergy shots increase the amount of which antibody in the bloodstream?
    A.IgE
    B. IgM
    C. IgG
    D. IgD
    E. IgA

Allergy shots increase the amount of IgG in the bloodstream.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.4
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. Phil was exposed to parasitic worms on a recent field trip to the tropics. Under these conditions, his _____ antibody levels would be higher than normal.
    A.IgA
    B. IgG
    C. IgD
    D. IgM
    E. IgE

Phil was exposed to parasitic worms on a recent field trip to the tropics. Under these conditions, his IgE antibody levels would be higher than normal.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.4
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. Where do lymphocytes travel to become mature T lymphocytes?
    A.thyroid
    B. tonsils
    C. thymus
    D. transverse colon
    E. tibia

Lymphocytes travel to the thymus to become mature T lymphocytes.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.4
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. As a result of having cystic fibrosis, Shaun was in need of a lung transplant. Not only did he have to go through a series of biological and psychological tests, physicians had to complete studies of his and his donors ___.
    A.TCR
    B. MHC
    C. PCR
    D. HCG
    E. EKG

As a result of having cystic fibrosis, Shaun was in need of a lung transplant. Not only did he have to go through a series of biological and psychological tests, physicians had to complete studies of his and his donors MHC.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.4
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. Cytotoxic T cells contain ______ molecules that punch holes in the plasma membranes of potential pathogens.
    A.steroid
    B. interferon
    C. antioxidant
    D. complement
    E. perforin

Cytotoxic T cells contain perforin molecules that punch holes in the plasma membranes of potential pathogens.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.4
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. In ______ immunity the individual produces antibodies against particular pathogens and in ______ immunity the individual is given specific antibodies against a pathogen.
    A.active, neutral
    B. passive, neutral
    C. active, passive
    D. passive, active
    E. none of the above

In active immunity the individual produces antibodies against particular pathogens and in passive immunity the individual is given specific antibodies against a pathogen.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.5
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. After being exposed to a contagious disease, Jennifer has accumulated a high level of antibodies, yet shows no sign of illness. She is exhibiting:
    A.active immunity
    B. passive immunity
    C. an immune deficiency reaction
    D. an autoimmune disease
    E. none of the above

After being exposed to a contagious disease, Jennifer has accumulated a high level of antibodies, yet shows no sign of illness. She is exhibiting active immunity.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.5
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. Larry was immunized against (vaccinated for) most of the childhood diseases. This represents _____ immunity.
    A.active
    B. passive
    C. nonspecific
    D. general
    E. This is not considered an example of.

Being immunized against (vaccinated for) most of the childhood diseases represents active immunity.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.5
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

  1. Which of the following is true about monoclonal antibodies?
    A.they are produced by a variety of unrelated B cells
    B. they are produced by a clone derived from a single T lymphocyte
    C. they are produced by hybridomas
    D. they are composed of antibodies with a variety of different variable regions
    E. they are primarily produced by mast cells when a person has an allergy

Monoclonal antibodies are produced by hybridomas.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.5
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

  1. Before working at the hospital, Beth was given a Mantoux skin test to detect tuberculosis. If it were positive, the site of the test would become hardened and red. This test uses the ______ response.
    Responses:
    A.anaphylactic
    B. histamine
    C. immediate allergic
    D. delayed allergic
    E. none of the above

The Mantoux skin test is used to detect tuberculosis. If it is positive, the site of the test becomes hardened and red. This test uses the delayed allergic response.

 

Chapter reference: 7
Figure/section reference: Figure 7.6
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Lymphatic System and Immunity

Chapter 09

Respiratory System

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following is not considered a part of the upper respiratory tract?
    A.larynx
    B. bronchus
    C. nasal cavity
    D. glottis
    E. pharynx

The bronchus is not considered a part of the upper respiratory tract.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: Figure 9.1
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. Which of the following is not considered a part of the lower respiratory tract?
    A.lungs
    B. bronchioles
    C. bronchus
    D. glottis
    E. diaphragm

The glottis is not considered a part of the lower respiratory tract.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: Figure 9.1
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. The process of breathing in is called ________ and the process of breathing out is called __________.
    A.inspiration, ventilation
    B. expiration, ventilation
    C. ventilation, moistening
    D. inspiration, expiration
    E. none of the above

The process of breathing in is called inspiration and the process of breathing out is called expiration.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.1
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. _______ is another term for breathing.
    A.Mastication
    B. Olfaction
    C. Gustation
    D. Ventilation
    E. None of the above

Ventilation is another term for breathing.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.1
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. As the result of a hockey injury, Alex suffered from a deviated septum. The septum is a vertical bony plate that serves to:
    A.warm the air entering the nose
    B. moisten the air entering the nose
    C. separate the nasal openings and canals
    D. filter the air entering the nose

The septum is a vertical bony plate that serves to separate the nasal openings and canals.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.2
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. The process of filtering or removing dust and other particles in the upper respiratory tract is accomplished by:
    A.mucous
    B. nasal hairs
    C. cilia
    D. All of the choices are correct.

The process of filtering or removing dust and other particles in the upper respiratory tract is accomplished by mucous, nasal hairs, and cilia.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. The respiratory gases diffuse through ______.
    A.small arteries
    B. small veins
    C. arterioles
    D. capillaries
    E. lymph system

The respiratory gases diffuse through capillaries.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. Why does your nose run when you cry?
    A.the nasal membranes produce excess mucous.
    B. the excess tears produced in the lacrimal gland flood the ducts that drain into the nose
    C. the enkelphins in the tears cause mucous to be produced
    D. there is a greater need to filter the air
    E. none of the above

When one cries, the excess tears produced in the lacrimal gland flood the ducts that drain into the nose.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.2
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. Air passing along the respiratory tract to the lungs is ______.
    A.cleansed
    B. warmed
    C. moistened
    D. all of the above

Air passing along the respiratory tract to the lungs is cleansed, warmed, and moistened.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. The nasal cavities empty into the __________.
    A.eustachian tubes
    B. lacrimal glands
    C. larynx
    D. vibrissae
    E. nasopharynx

The nasal cavity empties into the nasopharynx.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. The __________ tubes lead from the nasopharynx to the middle ears.
    A.bronchial
    B. eustachian or auditory
    C. fallopian or auditory
    D. tracheal
    E. none of the above

The Eustachian or auditory tubes lead from the nasopharynx to the middle ears.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. Karla suffers from spontaneous and intense nosebleeds. The reason that nosebleeds are common as the result of trauma or other variables is that;
    A.the septal cartilage is very vascular
    B. the lining of the nasal cavities have an abundance of capillaries
    C. the excess mucous causes greater blood flow
    D. hairs in the nose known as vibrissae are torn from their bulb
    E. none of the above

The reason that nosebleeds are common as the result of trauma or other variables is that the lining of the nasal cavities has an abundance of capillaries.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.2
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. Why was Tom wrong when he stated that the Adam’s apple is actually the hyoid bone?
    A.The Adam’s apple is a part of the pharynx.
    B. The Adam’s apple is a part of the Eustachean tube.
    C. The Adam’s apple is a part of the thyroid gland.
    D. The Adam’s apple is a part of the larynx.
    E. The Adam’s apple is a part of the glottis.

The Adam’s apple is a part of the larynx.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.2
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. Which is not a part of the pharynx.
    A.laryngopharynx
    B. oropharynx
    C. mesopharynx
    D. nasopharynx

The mesopharynx is not a part of the pharynx.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. ____________ in the pharynx are actually a part of the lymphatic system.
    A.Auditory tubes
    B. Tonsils
    C. Mucous glands
    D. Goblet cells
    E. Vocal cords

Tonsils in the pharynx are actually a part of the lymphatic system.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. Air passages and food passages share the ______ in common.
    A.oropharynx
    B. nasopharynx
    C. mesopharynx
    D. laryngopharynx
    E. none of the above

Air passages and food passages share the laryngopharynx in common.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. Manny choked because a morsel of food slipped by his ________ that normally guards the superior opening of the larynx.
    A.oropharynx
    B. epiglottis
    C. auditory tube
    D. endothelium
    E. tonsils

The epiglottis guards the superior opening of the larynx.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.2
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. The slit that lies between the vocal cords is known as the ___.
    A.glottis
    B. epiglottis
    C. auditory tube
    D. endothelium
    E. tonsils

The slit that lies between the vocal cords is known as the glottis.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.2
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. The __________ houses the vocal cords.
    A.larynx
    B. epiglottis
    C. bronchus
    D. pharynx
    E. esophagus

The larynx houses the vocal cords.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. As Lisa sang her favorite song, how was her pitch changed?
    A.The glottis regulates the amount of air striking the vocal cords.
    B. The vocal cords change shape
    C. The vocal cords experience vibration changes due to air speed.
    D. Muscles attached to the vocal cords create variations of tension.
    E. Vocal cords do not have anything to do with pitch.

Pitch is regulated by muscles attached to the vocal cords creating variations of tension.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.2
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. Jansen was a great child singer but when he reached puberty, his voice began to crack. Why?
    A.His throat became dryer as the number of goblet cells decreased
    B. His Adam’s apple doubled in size.
    C. His vocal cords became longer and they were hard to control.
    D. His glottis became larger.
    E. none of the above

When a child singer becomes older his vocal cords became longer and harder to control.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.2
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. The open part of the C-shaped rings of tracheal cartilage allows the __________ to expand when swallowing.
    A.uvula
    B. esophagus
    C. stomach
    D. pharynx
    E. bronchial tree

The open part of the C-shaped rings of tracheal cartilage allows the esophagus to expand when swallowing.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.2
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. The mucous produced by ______ are a part of the mucousoidal escalator system that traps dust and particles that may enter the lower reaches of the respiratory tract.
    A.Leydig cells
    B. Golgi cells
    C. Nissl bodies
    D. Goblet cells
    E. Merkel’s cells

The mucous produce by goblet cells are a part of the mucousoidal escalator system that traps dust and particles that may enter the lower reaches of the respiratory tract.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. The windpipe is more accurately called the ____.
    A.pharynx
    B. larynx
    C. trachea
    D. epiglottis
    E. bronchial tree

The windpipe is more accurately called the trachea.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. How does the trachea remain open like a hollow tube?
    A.Air pressure inside keeps it open.
    B. Supporting cartilaginous rings keep it open.
    C. It is reinforced with bone which cannot collapse.
    D. Special muscles are working to keep the trachea open.

Supporting cartilaginous rings keep the trachea open like a hollow tube.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. Which is the correct sequence of air movement during inspiration?
    A.pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchioles, bronchi
    B. larynx, pharynx, bronchi, bronchioles, trachea
    C. bronchi, bronchioles, trachea, pharynx, larynx
    D. pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles
    E. none of the above

The correct order for air movement during respiration is: pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.3
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. In order to save her life, EMT’s performed an emergency ____________ on Monica because she was not getting air to her lower respiratory system.
    A.pharynoscope
    B. tracheostomy
    C. laryngostomy
    D. amniocentesis
    E. none of the above

In order to save her life, EMT’s performed an emergency tracheostomy on Monica because she was not getting air to her lower respiratory system.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.3
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. Shaun received a new pair of lungs as the result of a double lung transplant. In order to check for rejection, physicians performed a bronchoscopy to examine the interior of the _____________.
    A.bronchial tree
    B. larynx
    C. epiglottis
    D. glottis
    E. alveoli

Shaun received a new pair of lungs as the result of a double lung transplant. In order to check for rejection, physicians performed a bronchoscopy to examine the interior of the bronchial tree.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.3
Level of difficulty: Evaluate/Create
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. The right lung has __ lobes and the left lung has __ lobes.
    A.2, 2
    B. 2, 3
    C. 3, 2
    D. 4, 3
    E. 3, 4

The right lung has 3 lobes and the left lung has 2 lobes.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. The _____ are a double – layered membrane that encloses each lung.
    A.lobules
    B. pleurae
    C. bronchi
    D. alveoli
    E. none of the above

The pleurae are a double – layered membrane that encloses each lung.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. Rick’s dad suffered from pleurisy. The pain was due to ___________.
    A.loss of surface area
    B. destruction of bronchioles
    C. inflammation of the parietal and visceral pleura
    D. infected lobules
    E. none of the above

The pain from pleurisy is due to inflammation of the parietal and visceral pleura.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.3
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. The site of gas exchange in the lungs is called ______.
    A.alveoli
    B. bronchi
    C. villi
    D. cristae
    E. lobules

The site of gas exchange in the lungs is called alveoli.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. Each lobe consists of a ___________ that serves many alveoli.
    A.bronchiole
    B. glottis
    C. pleurae
    D. lobules
    E. none of the above

Each lobe consists of a bronchiole that serves many alveoli.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. Infant respiratory syndrome is a life threatening disorder that causes the lungs to collapse. It is caused by a lack of ____ in the lungs.
    A.calcium
    B. surfactant
    C. gibrinogen
    D. globulin
    E. polypeptides

Infant respiratory syndrome is a life threatening disorder that causes the lungs to collapse. It is caused by a lack of surfactant in the lungs.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.3
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. The alveoli of human lungs are lined with a surfactant. This surfactant:
    A.is a film of lipoprotein that lowers the surface tension, thus preventing closure
    B. is a film of glycoprotein that lowers the surface tension, thus preventing closure
    C. is a film of lipoprotein that increases the surface tension, thus preventing closure
    D. is a film of glycoprotein that increases the surface tension, thus preventing closure
    E. none of the above

Surfactant is a film of lipoprotein that lowers the surface tension, thus preventing closure.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.3
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. In humans, the lungs inflate because of:
    A.contraction of lung muscles
    B. contraction of the diaphragm and rib muscles
    C. relaxation of chest muscles
    D. relaxation of chest and abdomen
    E. closure of the epiglottis

In humans, the lungs inflate because of contraction of the diaphragm and rib muscles.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.4
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. __________ pressure is important in the process of inspiration.
    A.Positive
    B. Costal
    C. Negative
    D. Medial
    E. Neutral

Negative pressure is important in the process of inspiration.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.4
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. Which of the following statements is accurate regarding the normal mechanism of ventilation?
    A.There must be a continuous column of air from the pharynx to the alveoli.
    B. The lungs must lie within a sealed-off thoracic cavity.
    C. The inner and outer pleural membranes must be separated by a thin film of fluid.
    D. The intrapleural pressure must be greater than the atmospheric pressure.
    E. The diaphragm, when contracted, reduces thoracic volume.

The normal mechanism of ventilation requires that the inner and outer pleural membranes must be separated by a thin film of fluid.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.4
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. The air that may be exhaled in above the normal volume in a forced exhalation is called:
    A.vital capacity
    B. inspiratory reserve volume
    C. expiratory reserve volume
    D. residual volume
    E. tidal volume

The air that may be exhaled in above the normal volume in a forced exhalation is called the expiratory reserve volume.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.4
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. When Dan became a crew member of a submarine, he learned how to make an emergency ascent. He was told as he exited the hatch to look upward and scream all the way to the surface. Why did his lungs remain inflated?
    A.Residual volume kept his lungs inflated.
    B. Vital capacity kept his lungs inflated.
    C. Tidal volume kept his lungs inflated.
    D. Inspiratory volume kept his lungs inflated.
    E. Expiratory volume kept his lungs inflated.

Residual volume kept Dan’s lungs inflated.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.4
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. Because of cystic fibrosis, all of Bryan’s lung functions were below normal. What procedure may improve these functions?
    A.a bronchioscopy
    B. a lung transplant
    C. surfactant replacement
    D. spirometer therapy
    E. none of the above

Successful lung transplants can have a major positive effect on lung function tests.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.4
Level of difficulty: Evaluate/Create
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. The __________ is the respiratory control center of the brain.
    A.pons
    B. medulla oblongata
    C. cerebrum
    D. hypothalamus
    E. thalamus

The medulla oblongata is the respiratory control center of the brain.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.5
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Missing word question
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. _________ is a respiratory disorder that is responsible for nearly 2000 infant deaths per year.
    A.CF
    B. PKU
    C. SIDS
    D. Acromegaly
    E. Tay Sach’s disease

SIDS is a respiratory disorder that is responsible for nearly 2000 infant deaths per year.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.5
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Missing word question
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. Most of the carbon dioxide carried in the plasma is found in _______.
    A.carbon monoxide
    B. calcium hydroxide
    C. bicarbonate ions
    D. sodium hydroxide
    E. calcium carbonate

Most of the carbon dioxide carried in the plasma is found in bicarbonate ions.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.6
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Missing word question
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. Which of the following chemical equations is INCORRECT?
    A.Hb + O2 ® HbO2
    B. HbO2 ® Hb + O2 + CO2
    C. CO2 + H2O ® H2CO3 + H+ + HCO3
    D. H+ + HCO3 ® H2CO3
    E. none of the above

HbO2 ® Hb + O2 + CO2 is incorrect.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.6
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. As a result of working in industry for years, Jim’s grandfather was exposed to asbestos and developed _________.
    A.emphysema
    B. pneumonia
    C. rheumatic fever
    D. tuberculosis
    E. pulmonary fibrosis

As a result of working in industry for years, Jim’s grandfather was exposed to asbestos and developed pulmonary fibrosis.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.7
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. A bacterial disorder that reduces the elasticity of the lungs is _____. This lung disorder is very virulent.
    A.tuberculosis
    B. emphysema
    C. bronchitis
    D. cystic fibrosis
    E. pneumonia

Tuberculosis is a bacterial disorder that reduces the elasticity of the lungs.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.7
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: Missing word sentence
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. Jenny was upset because her scratch test for TB was positive although she never had the disease. How could this happen?
    A.She had a light infection as a child.
    B. She had a variety of asymptomatic TB.
    C. She had antibodies against TB in her body due to exposure.
    D. She is genetically immune to TB
    E. None of the above

Jenny had antibodies against TB in her body due to previous exposure.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.7
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

 

  1. Samantha has a deep cough in which she expectorates mucus and pus. Her doctor feels she has a bacterial infection of the primary and secondary bronchi called:
    A.tonsilitis
    B. acute bronchitis
    C. pneumonia
    D. sinusitis
    E. cystic fibrosis

Samantha has a deep cough in which she expectorates mucus and pus. Her doctor feels she has a bacterial infection of the primary and secondary bronchi called acute bronchitis.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.7
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System

  1. Which is true concerning the dangers of smoking cigarettes?
    A.Children of parents that smoke have a better chance of developing asthma.
    B. Cigarette smokers have an increased chance of developing lung cancer.
    C. Chewing tobacco is not a safe alternative to cigarette smoking.
    D. Cigarette smoking can destroy cilia that serve to filter the air.
    E. All of the above statements are correct concerning the dangers of smoking.

The following are true about smoking cigarettes: children of parents that smoke have a better chance of developing asthma, cigarette smokers have an increased chance of developing lung cancer, cigarette smoking can destroy cilia that serve to filter the air, and chewing tobacco is not a safe alternative to cigarette smoking.

 

Chapter reference: 9
Figure/section reference: 9.7
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: Multiple choice
Topic Area: Respiratory System