Human Exceptionality School Community And Family 12th Edition by Michael L. Hardman – Test Bank

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Human Exceptionality School Community And Family 12th Edition by Michael L. Hardman – Test Bank

chapter 6

1. Prior to the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (renamed the Individuals with Disabilities Education
Act), families
a. had many avenues open to them for appropriate services.
b. children with disabilities were overwhelmingly included in society and schools.
c. did not have access to appropriate services for their children with disabilities.
d. powerful repositories of knowledge about children and youth with disabilities.
ANSWER: c
REFERENCES: Bloom’s: Remembering
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: HESC.HARD.17.06.01 – Describe how the lives of families with children with
disabilities have changed since the advent of IDEA.
NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – CEC.7.0 – Beginning special education professionals collaborate with
families and other educators, related services providers, individuals with exceptionalities,
and personnel from community agencies in culturally responsive ways to address the
needs of individuals with exceptionalities across a range of learning experiences.
NOTES: Prior to the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (renamed the
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act), families did not have access to appropriate
services for their children with disabilities, including free and appropriate public
education.
2. What factor(s) can have an appreciable influence on family interactions?
a. Flexibility b. Cohesion
c. Communication skills d. Flexibility, cohesion, and communication skills.
ANSWER: d
REFERENCES: Bloom’s: Understanding
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: HESC.HARD.17.06.02 – Describe the family systems approach and how it applies to
families with members with disabilities, and describe strengths and challenges of families
raising children with disabilities.
NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – CEC.7.0 – Beginning special education professionals collaborate with
families and other educators, related services providers, individuals with exceptionalities,
and personnel from community agencies in culturally responsive ways to address the
needs of individuals with exceptionalities across a range of learning experiences.
3. Families that include children with disabilities may experience
a. conditions for growth in
siblings and parents.
b. improved levels of empathy and patience.
c. positive family relations. d. conditions for growth in siblings and parents, improved levels of empathy
and patience, and positive family relations.
ANSWER: d
REFERENCES: Bloom’s: Remembering
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: HESC.HARD.17.06.02 – Describe the family systems approach and how it applies to
families with members with disabilities, and describe strengths and challenges of families
raising children with disabilities.
NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – CEC.7.0 – Beginning special education professionals collaborate with
families and other educators, related services providers, individuals with exceptionalities,
and personnel from community agencies in culturally responsive ways to address the
needs of individuals with exceptionalities across a range of learning experiences.
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chapter 7

1. Learning disabilities
a. are an easily identified disorder.
b. are always mild.
c. consist of a homogeneous group of individuals.
d. have long been associated with controversy.
ANSWER: d
REFERENCES: Bloom’s: Applying
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: HESC.HARD.17.07.02 – Explain the various definitions and classifications of LD.
NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – CEC.1.0 – Beginning special education professionals understand how
exceptionalities may interact with development and learning and use this knowledge to
provide meaningful and challenging learning experiences for individuals with
exceptionalities.
NOTES: Controversy, confusion, and polarization have long been associated with the field of
learning disabilities.
2. Which of the following has NOT contributed to confusion associated with learning disabilities (LD)?
a. Previously, many children were mislabeled.
b. Learning disabilities involve many types of problems.
c. Individuals with LD exhibit complex needs and characteristics.
d. Advancing diagnostic technology has confused causation data.
ANSWER: d
REFERENCES: Bloom’s: Analyzing
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: HESC.HARD.17.07.02 – Explain the various definitions and classifications of LD.
NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – CEC.1.0 – Beginning special education professionals understand how
exceptionalities may interact with development and learning and use this knowledge to
provide meaningful and challenging learning experiences for individuals with
exceptionalities.
NOTES: Controversy, confusion and polarization have been associated with learning disabilities.
The term is a generic label representing a heterogeneous group of challenging conditions
with highly variable and complex characteristics and needs. Previously many children
were labeled as remedial readers emotionally disturbed, or children with intellectual
disabilities.
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