Test Bank for Pediatric Skills 3rd Edition by Solomon O’Brien

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Pediatric Skills 3rd Edition by Solomon OBrien

Solomon: Pediatric Skills for Occupational Therapy Assistants, 3rd Edition

 

Chapter 06: Principles of Normal Development

 

Test Bank

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about typical development?
  2. It occurs naturally.
  3. It is a biomechanical process.
  4. It is unpredictable and spontaneous.
  5. The rate remains the same for all children.

 

ANS: A

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about the occupational therapy (OT) practitioner’s study of typical development?
  2. It has no clinical relevance unless the therapist is working with developmentally delayed children.
  3. It is best to memorize developmental sequences.
  4. It helps practitioners to problem solve developmental sequences while working with children who have special needs.
  5. It has limited application while working with special-needs children.

 

ANS: C

 

  1. In which context can the occupational therapy practitioner have the greatest impact?
  2. Chronologic age
  3. Environmental context
  4. Social context
  5. Cultural context

 

ANS: B

 

  1. Which term is not a period of development?
  2. Adolescence
  3. Early childhood
  4. Infancy
  5. Puberty

 

ANS: D

 

  1. Which of the following is not a rule of motor development?
  2. Proximal to distal
  3. Lateral to medial
  4. Cephalic to caudal
  5. Gross to fine

 

ANS: B

 

  1. Which of the following is true about normal development?
  2. Development is linear.
  3. Development is static.
  4. Development is dynamic.
  5. Development is vertical.

 

ANS: C

 

  1. Which statement is not true concerning maturation?
  2. It is the process of development.
  3. It occurs naturally.
  4. It is predictable.
  5. It is more important than experience in the developmental process.

 

ANS: D

 

  1. Harry is a 10-year-old boy who is expected to make dinner each evening before his parents get home. This expectation represents which context?
  2. Personal
  3. Social
  4. Cultural
  5. Temporal

 

ANS: C

 

  1. Which statement is not a basic principle of developmental theory?
  2. Development is sequential and predictable.
  3. Maturation and experience affect development.
  4. Development involves changes in biological, psychological, and social systems.
  5. Controlled sensory input can assist a child in organizing the central nervous system.

 

ANS: D

 

  1. You are treating Jim, a 12-month-old boy with developmental delays. He is sitting without support, anterior propping. According to developmental theory, which skill would you work on next?
  2. Skipping
  3. Walking up stairs “marking time”
  4. Pulling to stand
  5. Sitting without support, lateral propping

 

ANS: D

 

  1. Children learn to finger feed, use a pincer grasp, and creep simultaneously. This an example of
  2. Cephalocaudal development
  3. Horizontal development
  4. Spiral adaptation
  5. Vertical development

 

ANS: B

 

  1. What is the length of the typical prenatal period?
  2. 4 weeks
  3. 12 weeks
  4. 30 weeks
  5. 40 weeks

 

ANS: D

 

  1. Which progression most closely reflects typical development?
  2. Catching large ball using both hands and body before catching with one hand away from body
  3. Picking up small pieces of Cheerios with the tips of the fingers before grabbing with the whole hand
  4. Skipping before hopping on both feet together
  5. Sitting before rolling over

 

ANS: A

 

  1. A child learns to roll over, then crawl, then creep, and eventually walk. This is an example of what type of development?
  2. Horizontal
  3. Lateral
  4. Vertical
  5. Dynamic

 

ANS: C

 

  1. Which period is characterized by rapid growth, spending much time in educational settings, and shifting of the child’s major influences from parents to peers?
  2. Infancy
  3. Early childhood
  4. Middle childhood
  5. Adolescence

 

ANS: C

 

Solomon: Pediatric Skills for Occupational Therapy Assistants, 3rd Edition

 

Chapter 07: Development of Occupational Performance Skills

 

Test Bank

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. According to the Occupational Therapy (OT) Practice Framework, which term reflects cognitive, physical, and psychosocial aspects of occupations?
  2. Areas of occupation
  3. Client factors
  4. Performance contexts
  5. Performance skills

 

ANS: B

 

  1. In which period (other than fetal growth) is physical growth most rapid?
  2. Birth to 6 months
  3. Middle childhood
  4. Preschool
  5. Puberty

 

ANS: A

 

  1. Which statement is not true concerning primitive reflexes?
  2. Reflexes provide the first movement out of physiological flexion.
  3. Reflexes are integrated as the infant learns about the environment.
  4. Reflexes persist throughout childhood.
  5. Reflexes are genetically carried survival mechanisms.

 

ANS: C

 

  1. Which reflex does not disappear at 4 months?
  2. Rooting reflex
  3. Palmar grasp
  4. Landau
  5. Moro

 

ANS: C

 

  1. Kelly is a 3-month-old infant. As you observe her, you notice that her eyes are open, they are bright and shining, and she can track moving objects with her eyes. You would likely classify Kelly into which of the following infant states?
  2. Alert, active, awake
  3. Drowsy
  4. Light sleep
  5. Equilibrium

 

ANS: A

 

  1. Daniel continually drops various objects from his highchair and is fascinated by watching the objects fall. Daniel is likely at what stage of Piaget’s sensorimotor period?
  2. Invention of New Means through Mental Combinations
  3. Tertiary Circular Reactions
  4. Primary Circular Reactions
  5. Secondary Circular Reactions

 

ANS: B

 

  1. Which five factors are rated to make up the Apgar score?
  2. Heart rate, color, reflex irritability, muscle tone, respiratory effort
  3. Size, color, muscle tone, movement, mood
  4. Heart rate, muscle tone, size, respiratory effort
  5. Crying ability, length, age, muscle tone, respiratory effort

 

ANS: A

 

  1. Which statement describes the vision of newborns?
  2. Newborns are able to distinguish between a picture of a face and a real face.
  3. Newborns are not able to see at birth.
  4. Newborns can see objects from about 8 inches away.
  5. Newborns show a preference for patterns and can distinguish between colors.

 

ANS: C

 

  1. At what age are infants able to transfer objects from one hand to the other?
  2. 3 months
  3. 5 to 6 months
  4. 9 months
  5. 12 months

 

ANS: B

 

  1. Children in middle childhood experience a growth in vocabulary and language, in part due to the focus on reading. This is evident in the children’s ability to use all of the following except
  2. Puns and figures of speech
  3. Jokes based on words with double meanings
  4. Secret languages with their friends
  5. Abstract language such as debating

 

ANS: D

 

  1. Which of the following is true of early maturing adolescent boys?
  2. They are rated as less physically attractive.
  3. They experience greater peer acceptance.
  4. They are less likely to complete college.
  5. They try hard to seek attention.

 

ANS: B

 

  1. In which matter do peers influence adolescents more than parents?
  2. Academic choices
  3. Career
  4. Future aspirations
  5. Trying on and experimenting with new roles

 

ANS: D

 

  1. Which reflex involves a child making subtle changes in muscle tone or movement to remain in an upright position?
  2. Protective extension
  3. Righting
  4. Equilibrium
  5. Moro

 

ANS: C

 

  1. What age range most closely represents an infant who is able to roll from prone to supine, get into a quadruped position, has complete head control and transfers objects from hand to hand while in supine, reaches with one hand, uses radial palmar grasp, and reaches to be picked up?
  2. 1 to 2 months
  3. 6 to 8 months
  4. 9 to 12 month
  5. 13 to 18 months

 

ANS: B

 

  1. What age range most closely represents an infant who is able to jump in place, scribbles, snips with scissors, and displays complex rotation of small objects?
  2. 9 to 12 months
  3. 13 to 18 months
  4. 19 to 24 months
  5. 24 to 36 months

 

ANS: D