Test Bank for Seeing Sociology An Introduction 3rd Edition Ferrante

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Seeing Sociology An Introduction 3rd Edition Ferrante

 

Sample:

 

 

Chapter_6_Deviance_Reviewed

 

Multiple Choice

 

  1. From a sociological point of view, deviance is any behavior or physical appearance that is socially challenged or condemned because it
  2. is unlawful activity.
  3. is criminal.
  4. departs from the norms and expectations of some group.
  5. hurts someone.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 194

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The sociological contribution to understanding deviant behavior is the emphasis on
  2. the individual.
  3. universal ideas about what is deviance.
  4. the context.
  5. obedience to authority.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 196

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The only characteristic common to all forms of deviance is the fact that
  2. they invoke formal sanctions.
  3. everyone in the society is offended by the act considered deviant.
  4. it is uniform across across time and place.
  5. some social audience regards the act or appearance as deviant.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: Chapter opening

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Durkheim argued that, even among groups considered exemplary, some seemingly insignificant act or appearance will be treated as deviant. This argument explains why Durkheim believed that
  2. deviance and crime are distinct concepts.
  3. those in power define what is deviant.
  4. there are some societies in which deviance does not exist.
  5. deviance is present in all societies.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 196

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Which one of the following statements best corresponds with Durkheim’s perspective on deviance?
  2. It is impossible for any society to be entirely free of deviance.
  3. Behavior that is unthinkable when an individual is acting on his or her own may be executed without hesitation when carried out under orders.
  4. When people become criminals, they do so because of contacts with criminal patterns.
  5. Deviance results from the application of rules and sanctions.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 196

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Durkheim argued that the ritual of identifying and exposing a wrongdoing is an emotional experience that gives a sense of order to the community. The idea suggests
  2. it is possible for a society to be entirely free of deviance.
  3. behavior that is unthinkable when an individual is acting on his or her own may be executed without hesitation when carried out under orders.
  4. when people become criminals, they do so because of contacts with criminal patterns and because of isolation from non-criminal patterns.
  5. a group that went too long without noticing deviance would lose its identity.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 196

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. To call an addiction a moral problem is to locate its cause in the goodness or badness of human action and to suggest that a solution depends on changing evil ways. To call it a medical problem is to locate its cause in the biological workings of the mind or body and to suggest that a solution rests with a drug, a vaccine, or surgery. This contrast in viewpoint suggests that
  2. labels are important because they tend to evoke a particular cause and a particular solution.
  3. addiction cannot be a medical problem.
  4. there is no right way to talk about addictions.
  5. it is difficult to explain addiction.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 197

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: New

 

  1. If we stop and think about it, most human activities have the equivalent of __________ –people who make sure that the rules are followed.
  2. coaches
  3. CEOs
  4. conductors
  5. referees

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 199

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.03 – factual

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: New

 

  1. __________ include(s) the methods used to teach, persuade, or force people to comply with norms and expectations.
  2. Mechanisms of social control
  3. Deviance
  4. Conformity
  5. Context

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 199

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.03 – factual

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Ideally, conformity should be
  2. imposed.
  3. established through informal negative sanctions.
  4. something people want to do.
  5. encouraged by offering rewards.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 199

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Ridicule and imprisonment are examples of __________ sanctions.
  2. informal
  3. positive
  4. negative
  5. formal

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 200

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Six-year-old Martha picks up her toys and puts them away. Her father smiles and pats her on the back. The smile and pat represent a __________ sanction.
  2. positive formal
  3. negative formal
  4. negative informal
  5. positive informal

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 200

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Police officers employ __________ sanctions when they arrest people suspected of breaking the law.
  2. positive formal
  3. negative formal
  4. negative informal
  5. positive informal

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 200

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Sociologist Kingsley Dennis recounts the case of a South Korean girl harassed unmercifully over the Internet for not picking up after her dog. Her transgression was caught on tape and posted to the Internet. Dennis called this harassment
  2. group think.
  3. virtual vigilantism.
  4. censorship.
  5. a witch hunt.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 201

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Facial hair or a chin strap slightly off angle is treated as a “crime” in the context of military boot camp. This situation suggests that something is “criminal” because
  2. the group has defined it as such.
  3. it causes harm to others.
  4. deviance exists in every social setting.
  5. there are no exceptions to the rule.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 196

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Sociologist Kingsley Dennis dates the rise of decentralized surveillance to which event?
  2. the Rodney King incident
  3. the OJ Simpson trial
  4. Tiananmen Square
  5. September 11, 2001

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 201

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Electronic monitoring is an example of
  2. censorship.
  3. surveillance.
  4. conformity.
  5. deviance.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 201

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Stanley Milgram’s study on obedience to authority offers insights as to how
  2. some social audience comes to define a behavior as deviant.
  3. people in positions of authority manage to get others to accept their definitions of deviance.
  4. deviance can exist even in seemingly perfect societies.
  5. structural strain generates deviance.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 201

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Staff Sergeant Ivan Frederick testified that when at the Abu Ghraib Prison, “I questioned some of the things that I saw… such as leaving inmates in their cells with no clothes or in female underpants — and the answer I got was ,‘This is how military intelligence wants it done.’” The dynamics Frederick described best correspond with
  2. Stanley Milgram’s Obedience to Authority.
  3. Howard Becker’s master status of deviant.
  4. Robert K. Merton’s theory of structural strain.
  5. Edward Sutherland’s theory of differential association.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 203

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Stanley Milgram wrote, “The person who, with inner conviction, loathes stealing, killing, and assault may find himself committing these acts with relative ease.” Under what conditions does Milgram believe this happens?
  2. when no one is watching
  3. when under the influence of alcohol
  4. when the person’s life is threatened
  5. when commanded by an authority

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 203

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Group think is likely to occur when people in a group with decision-making power
  2. are from different backgrounds.
  3. seek outside opinions.
  4. are highly educated.
  5. believe in the absolute rightness of their cause.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 204

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Which one of the following applies to groupthink?
  2. The group is under pressure to take its time.
  3. The group gives no thought to a contingency plan.
  4. Dissenting information is encouraged.
  5. Objectives are very clear.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 204

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: New

 

  1. Howard Becker wrote, “No one really knows how much this phenomenon exists, but the amount is very sizable, much more than we are apt to think.” Becker was writing about
  2. secret deviants.
  3. innovators.
  4. conformists.
  5. witch-hunts.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 207

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. A student writes, “I used to sell drugs. I was very careful. I watched who I sold to and didn’t take any new customers. I was never caught.” This student can be classified as
  2. a conformist.
  3. a secret deviant.
  4. falsely accused.
  5. a pure deviant.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 207

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. __________ are people that have broken the rules and are caught, punished, and labeled as outsiders.
  2. Conformists
  3. Secret deviants
  4. The falsely accused
  5. Pure deviants

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 207

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. __________ are people who have broken the rules but whose violation goes unnoticed.
  2. Pure deviants
  3. The falsely accused
  4. Secret deviants
  5. Conformists

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 207

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. A U.S. Bureau of Justice survey of crime victims documented that almost 50 percent of violent crimes go unreported. This fact suggests that there are large numbers of __________ in U.S. society.
  2. conformists
  3. pure deviants
  4. secret deviants
  5. falsely accused

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 207

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Reseachers Michael L. Radelet and Adam Bedau reviewed more than 800 cases of innocent people being convicted of capital crimes, and they found that 56 had
  2. made false confessions.
  3. received early parole.
  4. pleaded their innocence.
  5. no jury trial.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 214

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.03 – factual

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Which one of the following statements is most closely associated with differential association theory?
  2. It is impossible for any society to be entirely free of deviance.
  3. Behavior that is unthinkable in an individual who is acting on his or her own may be executed without hesitation when carried out under orders.
  4. People learn criminal behavior from closely interacting with those who engage in and approve of law-breaking activities.
  5. Deviance is a consequence not of a particular behavior but of the application of rules and sanctions.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 217

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The position of pharmacist offers the opportunity to steal prescription drugs. This possibility speaks to
  2. structural strain.
  3. differential association.
  4. illegitimate opportunity structure.
  5. corporate crime.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 218

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. In sociologist Terry Williams’ study of teenagers working for drug suppliers, he pointed out that the justice system does not send juveniles to prison or treat them as adults. The policy presents teens with
  2. a self-fulfilling prophecy.
  3. the chance to be white collar criminals.
  4. an illegitimate opportunity structure.
  5. situations characterized by structural strain.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 218

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. In sociologist Terry Williams’ study of teenagers recruited by drug suppliers, he found that teenagers were recruited because
  2. they could be easily influenced.
  3. they generally obey orders.
  4. as minors they could not be sent to prison.
  5. they had a lot of free time on their hands.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 218

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. For someone to embezzle money, another person has to have entrusted a would-be embezzler with a large sum of money. This fact speaks to dynamics underlying
  2. structural strain.
  3. differential association.
  4. illegitimate opportunity structure.
  5. corporate crime.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 218

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Sutherland and Cressy wrote about “crimes committed by persons of respectability and high social status in the course of their occupations.” The two were writing about
  2. corporate crime.
  3. white-collar crime.
  4. deviance.
  5. the falsely accused.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 218

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. In the case of __________, offenders occupy positions in the organization that permit them to carry out illegal activities discreetly.
  2. white-collar crime
  3. the falsely accused
  4. deviance
  5. witch hunts

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 218

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Structural strain induces a state of culture chaos known as
  2. anomie.
  3. ritualism.
  4. differential association.
  5. medicalization.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 222

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.6

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. An imbalance between valued goals and legitimate means occurs when
  2. the sole focus is placed on achieving valued goals by any means necessary.
  3. people are sure there are enough legitimate means to go around.
  4. opportunities to reach valued goals are open to everyone.
  5. there are many opportunities to satisfy demand.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 222

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.6

NOTES: New

 

  1. Someone makes a resolution to go to college with the plan to enroll in Internet courses and pay people to complete the course work. This plan is an example of what kind of response to structural strain?
  2. innovation
  3. retreatism
  4. rebellion
  5. ritualism

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 222

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.6

NOTES: New

 

  1. Which of the following phrases best summarizes “innovation”?
  2. Win by the rules of the game.
  3. I don’t like the game or the rules.
  4. Change the rules to win the game.
  5. Follow the rules even if you don’t win.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 222

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.6

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Which one the following countries has the highest incarceration rate?
  2. the United States
  3. Nigeria
  4. Sudan
  5. India

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 214

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.03 – factual

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. __________ is a behavior that violates a law.
  2. Deviance
  3. Crime
  4. Differential association
  5. Internalization

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 213

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: New

 

  1. Going to prison is a multi-stage process. First,
  2. get a lawyer.
  3. go to trial and plead guilty.
  4. a person must plead guilty.
  5. someone must know about the crime and then decide to report it.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 215

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Which demographic has the lowest chance of being involved with the U.S. correctional system?
  2. blacks
  3. men
  4. women
  5. Hispanics

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 216

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Probation, home incarceration, jail, and residential facilities are all tools of
  2. correctional control.
  3. deviance.
  4. medicalization.
  5. internalization.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 216

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. __________ includes the corporations and agencies with an economic stake in building and supplying correctional facilities and in providing services.
  2. Medicalization
  3. The prison-industrial complex
  4. Bureaucracy
  5. Institututionalization

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 216

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Michael Foucault identified a historical shift or turning point in the way society punished people from ____________ to ______________.
  2. barbaric culture; humanitarian culture
  3. packed cells; isolation
  4. a culture of spectacle; a carceral culture
  5. torture; psychological incentives

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 226

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.7

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. A __________ is a social arrangement in which society largely abandons physical and public punishment and replaces it with surveillance.
  2. culture of spectacle
  3. correctional system
  4. panopticon
  5. carceral culture

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 226

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.7

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. A system of punishment that tortures, disfigures, dismembers, and executes “criminals” in public settings for all to see is part of a
  2. culture of spectacle
  3. correctional system.
  4. panopticon.
  5. total institution.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 226

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.7

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The __________ was designed to create inmates who disciplined themselves.
  2. culture of spectacle
  3. correctional system
  4. panopticon
  5. total institution

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 226

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.7

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. A disciplinary society is a social arrangement that
  2. normalizes surveillance.
  3. allows adults to spank children.
  4. is socialist in nature.
  5. makes punishment a public spectacle.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 227

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.7

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The panopticon is a metaphor for
  2. a humanitarian society.
  3. a disciplinary society.
  4. a culture of spectacle.
  5. the structuralist point of view.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 227

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.7

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. When studying deviance sociologists
  2. take an “anything goes” approach to behavior.
  3. seek to capture the complex dynamics underlying definitions of deviance.
  4. cast judgements on deviants.
  5. seek to make a list of behaviors that are everywhere considered deviant.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 194

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: New

 

  1. In 1956 Rosa Parks was arrested for taking an empty, uncontested seat in the front of the bus. Her case supports the idea that
  2. deviance is incomprehensible.
  3. deviance is impossible to study.
  4. context and audience matter in defining a behavior as deviant.
  5. it is important to get into the mind of the person labeled as deviant.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 195

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: New

 

  1. James sees someone overweight by 100 pounds and labels them as lazy. In sociological terms being 100 pounds overweight is a
  2. stigma.
  3. crime.
  4. structural strain.
  5. label.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 209

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.4

NOTES: New

 

  1. In writing about stigma, Goffman used the term “normal” to refer to those who
  2. are well­adjusted.
  3. are healthy.
  4. are average.
  5. possess no stigma.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 210

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.4

NOTES: New

 

  1. Stigmas are __________ because they break the claims of all other attributes a person possesses.
  2. labels
  3. discrediting
  4. achieved statuses
  5. norms

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 209

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.4

NOTES: New

 

  1. Goffman uses the words __________ to describe situations where stigmatized and normals find themselves in the same space.
  2. social interaction
  3. negotiated order
  4. social structure
  5. mixed contact

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 210

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.4

NOTES: New

 

  1. Twenty-year-old Amber pulls out in front of a car and is hit by a driver who is 87 years old. Amber gets out of the car screaming that the driver is too old to be driving. Amber has behaved in a way that captures the dynamics of
  2. victims.
  3. mixed contacts.
  4. American drivers.
  5. irresponsible parties.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 210

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.4

NOTES: New

 

  1. Sociologists inspired by the __________ perspective are attuned to the ways laws contribute to order and stability.
  2. functionalist
  3. conflict theorist
  4. symbolic interactionist
  5. feminist

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 229

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.8

NOTES: New

 

  1. From a functionalist perspective laws exist to
  2. maintain gender inequalities.
  3. shape interactions between people and animals.
  4. protect interests of some advantaged groups.
  5. protect society.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 230

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.8

NOTES: New

 

  1. Rob and Dan live in a community that allows people to walk dogs unleashed. That law shapes the way people interact with each other and their dogs. Laws’ effect on interaction is of most interest to a
  2. functionalist.
  3. conflict theorist.
  4. symbolic interactionist.
  5. feminist.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 230

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.8

NOTES: New

 

  1. When __________ consider laws and their effects on society, they focus on how laws are used to maintain and perpetuate gender inequalities.
  2. functionalists
  3. conflict theorists
  4. symbolic interactionists
  5. feminists

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 231

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.8

NOTES: New

 

  1. __________ are most interested in how tax laws benefit the wealthy.
  2. Functionalists
  3. Conflict theorists
  4. Symbolic interactionists
  5. Feminists

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 230

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.8

NOTES: New

 

  1. The Affordable Care Act can be viewed as a response to
  2. surveillance.
  3. differential association.
  4. illegitimate opportunity structure.
  5. a structural strain.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 224

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.6

NOTES: New

 

  1. According to structural strain theory, those politicians who voted for the Affordable Care Act engaged in
  2. innovation.
  3. ritualism.
  4. retreatist.
  5. rebellion.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 224

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.6

NOTES: New

 

  1. Vision-enhancing contact lenses allow wearers to focus simultaneously on images that are close up and far away. The technology adds to the pervasiveness of
  2. differential association.
  3. a disciplinary society.
  4. the prison-industrial complex.
  5. structural strain.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 227

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.7

NOTES: New

 

  1. Jose applies for a job at a day care center. During the interview he feels uncomfortable because the women interviewing him cannot understand why he wants to work with children. This dynamic is characteristic of
  2. gendered interaction.
  3. mixed contact.
  4. illegitimate opportunity structures.
  5. structural strain.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 212

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.4

NOTES: New

 

True / False

 

  1. Under the right circumstances, almost any behavior or appearance can qualify as deviant.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 195

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. According to Émile Durkheim, deviance will be present even in a community of saints.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 195

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Durkheim argued that a group that went too long without noticing deviance would lose its identity.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 196

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Smoking became “deviant” once scientific evidence proved it to be harmful.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 197

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Sanctions can be positive or negative.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 200

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Censorship and surveillance are methods of social control.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 200

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Milgram found that obedience to authority is founded on the firm command of a researcher wearing a white coat.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 202

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: New

 

  1. Group think is most likely to occur when a group is under pressure to take action.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 203

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. One reason group think occurs is that dissenting information is welcomed.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 204

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: New

 

  1. According to labeling theory a rule breaker is deviant even if no one notices the violation.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 206

TOPICS: Mod 6.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The falsely accused have broken rules but their violation goes unnoticed.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 207

TOPICS: Mod 6.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Secret deviants have broken no rules but are treated as if they have.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 207

TOPICS: Mod 6.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. If we accept that criminal behavior is learned we can think of criminals as “conformists.”
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 217

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Structural strain exists when opportunities for reaching culturally valued goals are open to all.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 222

TOPICS: Mod 6.6

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. For the innovator, success is equated with playing by the rules.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 222

TOPICS: Mod 6.6

NOTES: New

 

  1. Retreatists drop out of the system that has failed them.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 223

TOPICS: Mod 6.6

NOTES: New

 

  1. Just about everyone who commits a violent crime goes to prison.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 215

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: New

 

  1. Compared to male counterparts, American women have a lower chance of being involved with the U.S. correctional system.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 216

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. A carceral culture is one where physical and public punishment dominates.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 226

TOPICS: Mod 6.7

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. A surveillance or disciplinary society fuels anxiety about being watched.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 227

TOPICS: Mod 6.7

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. From a sociological point of view criminals are the “bad” people.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 229

TOPICS: Mod 6.8

NOTES: New

 

  1. Normals staring at a stigmatized person qualifies as an invasion of privacy.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 211

TOPICS: Mod 6.4

NOTES: New

 

  1. When sociologists study crime they place the spotlight on the individual.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 213

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: New

 

  1. When studying laws symbolic interactionists are most interested in how laws benefit advantaged groups.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 229

TOPICS: Mod 6.8

NOTES: New

 

  1. There is no question that countries with the highest rate of incarceration have the most serious crime problems.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 214

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: New

 

Chapter_7_Social_Inequalities_Reviewed

Multiple Choice

 

  1. The systemic process by which people are categorized and ranked on a scale of social worth is
  2. social stratification.
  3. symbolic stratification.
  4. apartheid.
  5. social structure.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 236

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The term __________ applies to everything from the chance to stay alive during the first year of life to the chance to complete college.
  2. social stratification
  3. life chances
  4. achieved statuses
  5. ascribed statuses

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 236

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. A person’s ascribed statuses are the result of
  2. chance.
  3. choice.
  4. ability.
  5. effort.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 237

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. An achieved status is an attribute that people
  2. inherit at birth.
  3. develop over time.
  4. possess through no fault or effort of their own.
  5. acquire through some combination of choice, effort, and ability.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 237

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The compensation guidelines for the September 11, 2001 attacks assigned least value to which category?
  2. married persons 30 and under with two children and an annual income of $225,000
  3. single mothers age 30 and over earning $20,000
  4. single, childless persons age 65 and older with an annual income of $10,000
  5. married persons 30 and over, no children, earning $100,000

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 236

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Class systems of stratification are characterized as
  2. rigid.
  3. closed.
  4. restricted.
  5. fluid.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 239

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.1

NOTES: New

 

  1. American idol winner Carrie Underwood represents the ideal of __________ because, as the daughter of a sawmill worker, she experienced intergenerational mobility.
  2. a caste system
  3. horizontal mobility
  4. stratification
  5. a class system

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 239

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Mary worked as a secretary for 25 years. Her daughter Jane works as a biological engineer. Jane has experienced
  2. intergenerational mobility.
  3. intragenerational mobility.
  4. horizontal mobility.
  5. status mobility.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 240

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Intragenerational mobility is mobility that
  2. brings alienation.
  3. brings estrangement from family.
  4. is upward or downward over the course of a person’s life.
  5. is upward or downward over two or more generations.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 240

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.1

NOTES: New

 

  1. When a son or daughter moves into an occupation that is higher or lower in status than a parent’s occupation, sociologists label this mobility
  2. intragenerational.
  3. intergenerational.
  4. downward.
  5. upward.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 240

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The visible markers of economic position and social rank are considered
  2. material culture.
  3. status symbols.
  4. significant symbols.
  5. social clues.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 243

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Jake walks a classmate to her car after class and decides, based on the car’s make and model, that this classmate is from a very wealthy family. In this case the car serves as
  2. a source of income.
  3. a status symbol.
  4. inherited wealth.
  5. private property.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 243

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. __________ described financial speculation as the “the plague of society.”
  2. Karl Marx
  3. Max Weber
  4. Emile Durkheim
  5. Erik Orin Wright

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 244

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. According to Max Weber, persons completely unskilled, lacking property, and dependent on seasonal or sporadic employment constitute the
  2. negatively privileged property class.
  3. propertied class.
  4. downwardly mobile class.
  5. inner city poor.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 245

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.03 – factual

TOPICS: Mod 7.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Those who cannot afford a burial and have no one to pay for it are among the
  2. downwardly mobile.
  3. semiperipheral class.
  4. negatively privileged property class.
  5. positively privileged property class.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 245

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The richest one percent are part of the
  2. negatively privileged property class.
  3. semiperipheral class.
  4. functionally unique.
  5. positively privileged property class.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 244

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. For Marx, the key variable in determining social class is
  2. source of income.
  3. status symbols.
  4. inherited wealth.
  5. property.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 243

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. A(n) __________ is held together by a lifestyle expected of all who belong to the circle.
  2. primary group
  3. ingroup
  4. status group
  5. outgroup

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 245

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.2

NOTES: New

 

  1. Body builders are a __________ in that they have developed a lifestyle around maximizing the size and appearance of muscles.
  2. status group
  3. negatively privileged property class
  4. political party
  5. proletariat

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 245

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. __________ is/are a situation in which people lack the resources to satisfy the basic needs no person should be without.
  2. Relative poverty
  3. Life chances
  4. Absolute poverty
  5. Social inequality

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 262

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Those who lack access to shelter live in a state of
  2. relative poverty.
  3. absolute poverty.
  4. social stratification.
  5. sustained poverty.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 262

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Although people do not “need” the latest smart phone to survive, many today in the U.S. may feel they are at disadvantage if they do not possess one. This assessment describes
  2. relative poverty.
  3. absolute poverty.
  4. sustained poverty.
  5. social stratification.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 262

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. A baby born in __________ has one of the best chance of surviving its first year of life.
  2. the United States
  3. Japan
  4. China
  5. Italy

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 262

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.03 – factual

TOPICS: Mod 7.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. A baby born in __________ has one of the worst chances of surviving the first year of life.
  2. China
  3. Mexico
  4. Afghanistan
  5. Japan

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 262

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.03 – factual

TOPICS: Mod 7.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The country where the gap between the richest 10 percent and the poorest 10 percent is the smallest is
  2. Japan.
  3. Sierra Leone.
  4. United States.
  5. Vietnam.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 264

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.03 – factual

TOPICS: Mod 7.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Income inequality is most pronounced in Sierra Leone. This inequality can be traced to
  2. a culture that does not value progress.
  3. a decade-long civil war fueled by efforts to control resources.
  4. a severe drought that destroyed major export crops.
  5. the government’s refusal to declare independence from Great Britain.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 264

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Income inequality is least pronounced in Japan. This relative equality is reflected in
  2. a government that is dominated by the communist party.
  3. a history of natural disasters.
  4. the religious convictions of the Japanese people.
  5. the relatively low salaries of CEOs who run the largest 100 corporations.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 264

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. For the UN Millennium Declaration to be successful the world’s richest countries must agree
  2. to make foreign aid 7 percent of GDP.
  3. to increase subsidies to agriculture.
  4. to send more food aid.
  5. to eliminate foreign aid.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 265

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Vietnam is a land of motorbikes. This mode of transportation is dominant, because
  2. the U.S. government subsidizes motorbike production.
  3. the U.S. subsidizes car production.
  4. people don’t want cars or trucks.
  5. Vietnam places high tariffs on imported cars and trucks.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 266

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.5

NOTES: New

 

  1. __________ is the flow of the most educated people from poor to rich economies.
  2. Subsidized education
  3. Out-migration
  4. In-migration
  5. Brain drain

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 267

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The British Medical Association wrote, “All countries must strive to attain self­sufficiency in their health care workforce without generating adverse consequences for other countries.” In issuing this statement the Association was responding to
  2. subsidized education.
  3. out-migration.
  4. in-migration.
  5. brain drain.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 267

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The British Medical Association wrote, “Developed countries must assist developing countries in expanding their capacity to train and retain physicians and nurses, which will enable them to become self­sufficient.” The Association was responding to
  2. subsidized education.
  3. out-migration.
  4. in-migration.
  5. brain drain.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 267

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. From a functionalist perspective, social inequality
  2. means people in the entry-level jobs work harder.
  3. ensures that the best-qualified people will fill the most demanding positions.
  4. increases the motivation level of all workers.
  5. guarantees that the least-qualified people will not apply for the most important jobs.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 248

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. In explaining social inequality, functionalists ask which one of the following questions?
  2. Who benefits from social inequality and at whose expense?
  3. How do people of different social statuses interact?
  4. How does society use inequality to affect social interaction?
  5. Why do the disadvantaged lack the work ethic needed to advance?

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 248

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.3

NOTES: New

 

  1. “Social inequality is the device by which societies ensure that the most functionally important occupations are filled by the best qualified people.” This statement is something a __________ would make.
  2. functionalist
  3. symbolic interactionist
  4. conflict theorist
  5. feminist

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 248

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. “Is offering high salaries – say 250 times larger than the average household income – really necessary to make sure someone qualified takes the job of CEO?” This is a question most relevant to which sociological perspective?
  2. functionalist
  3. symbolic interactionists
  4. conflict
  5. feminist

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 250

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. __________ seek to understand the experience of inequality – how it is communicated and how that inequality is conveyed.
  2. Functionalists
  3. Conflict theorists
  4. Symbolic interactionists
  5. Feminist

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 251

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Barbara Ehrenreich studied inequality in everyday life as it is experienced by workers in jobs that paid $8.00 an hour or less. Ehrenreich’s approach is one that a __________ would take.
  2. functionalist
  3. conflict theorist
  4. symbolic interactionist
  5. feminist

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 251

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. In her book Nickeled and Dimed, Ehrenreich tells of a colleague who becomes “frantic about a painfully impacted wisdom tooth and keeps making calls… to try and locate a source of free dental care.” This example illustrates
  2. one of the many ways inequality is enacted.
  3. ideas of comparable worth.
  4. pay equity.
  5. relative poverty.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 251

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The now classic essay “The Functions of Poverty” was written by which one of the following sociologists?
  2. Max Weber
  3. Erik Orin Wright
  4. Herbert Gans
  5. Barbara Ehrenreich

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 257

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.03 – factual

TOPICS: Mod 7.4

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Many businesses, governmental agencies, and nonprofit organizations exist to serve poor people or to monitor their behavior. This arrangement is one example of
  2. functional uniqueness.
  3. comparable worth.
  4. the functions of poverty.
  5. status consciousness.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 258

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.4

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The PEW Hispanic Center estimates that there are millions of undocumented workers living in the United States. Without this source of “cheap labor,” fruits and vegetables would rot in the fields, toddlers in Manhattan would be without nannies, towels in hotels would go unlaundered, and bedpans and trays would go uncollected. This situation illustrates
  2. functional uniqueness.
  3. comparable worth.
  4. the functions of poverty.
  5. status consciousness.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 258

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.4

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Poor people purchase goods and services that would otherwise go unused, such as day-old bread, used cars, and second-hand clothes. Such purchases speak to
  2. functional uniqueness.
  3. comparable worth.
  4. the functions of poverty.
  5. status consciousness.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 257

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.4

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. “The Functions of Poverty” helps us to understand which one of the following ideas?
  2. Poverty is a drain on society.
  3. Poverty contributes to the stability of the overall system.
  4. Poverty strains the overall economic system.
  5. Poverty serves no purpose for society.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 259

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.4

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Which of the following is not among the economic transformations that have occurred since the 1970s?
  2. The restructuring of American economy from manufacturing to service-based
  3. The rise of a labor surplus marked by women’s entry into the labor market
  4. The transfer of millions of manufacturing jobs out of the U.S.
  5. The migration of people from suburbs to rural communities

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 255

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.4

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Intersectionality is a concept that considers interconnections
  2. among race, class, gender, and other socially constructed categories.
  3. between rural and urban environments.
  4. between time and place.
  5. between troubles and issues.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 251

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Each of us derives varying amounts of penalty and privilege from the multiple systems of oppression that frame our lives. Here “penalty” means
  2. special advantages and opportunities.
  3. prescribed ways of behaving.
  4. constraints on opportunities and choices.
  5. race, social class, and gender.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 252

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. A __________ is a special or unearned advantage.
  2. penalty
  3. privilege
  4. significant symbol
  5. social status

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 252

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. A 75-year-old woman who shoplifts is less likely to be noticed because her age (and to some extent her gender) makes her largely invisible. This particular “advantage” is known as a
  2. penalty.
  3. privilege.
  4. significant symbol.
  5. social status.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 252

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Compared to 2008 Americans are significantly more likely to identify as
  2. upper class.
  3. upper middle class.
  4. middle class.
  5. lower or lower middle class.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 235

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Chapter opener

NOTES: New

 

  1. Laws that mandate segregation can be found in
  2. a class system of stratification.
  3. a status group.
  4. a caste system of stratification.
  5. a finance aristocracy.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 245

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.2

NOTES: New

 

  1. The writings of __________ and __________ represent “two of the most important traditions of class analysis in sociological theory.”
  2. Emile Durkheim, Max Weber
  3. Karl Marx, Max Weber
  4. Pat Hill Collins, Karl Marx
  5. Erving Goffman, Pat Hill Collins

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 243

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.2

NOTES: New

 

  1. The size and cut of a diamond allows people looking at a ring to roughly estimate its cost and make a judgment about the wearer’s economic status. A diamond is a
  2. status symbol.
  3. significant clue.
  4. item of no material culture.
  5. penalty.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 243

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.2

NOTES: New

 

  1. Marx described the source of income of the finance aristocracy as
  2. hard­earned.
  3. derived from inventions.
  4. inherited.
  5. created from nothing.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 244

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.2

NOTES: New

 

  1. On average those in the top one percent acquire income from salary (1/3) and non labor sources (2/3). Karl Marx would count the top one percent among the
  2. negatively privileged.
  3. finance aristocracy.
  4. proletariat.
  5. bourgeoisie.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 244

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.2

NOTES: New

 

  1. Which one of the following describes the amount of wealth held by the richest 20 percent in the United States?
  2. The richest 20 percent hold 36 percent of all the wealth.
  3. The richest 20 percent hold 84 percent of all the wealth.
  4. The richest 20 percent hold 20 percent of all the wealth.
  5. The richest 20 percent hold 99 percent of all the wealth.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 246

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.2

NOTES: New

 

  1. The creative destruction and turbulent unpredictability of capitalism affects people employed
  2. in unskilled work.
  3. in manufacturing sectors.
  4. in information sectors.
  5. in all levels of the occupation hierarchy.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 256

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.4

NOTES: New

 

  1. Food banks, food stamps, government bailouts, and unemployment insurance are responses to
  2. poverty.
  3. earned failure.
  4. the destructive side of capitalism.
  5. the creative side of capitalism.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 256

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.4

NOTES: New

 

  1. The concepts “creative destruction” and “turbulent unpredictability” apply to
  2. war.
  3. democracy.
  4. socialism.
  5. capitalism.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 256

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.4

NOTES: New

 

  1. A restaurant closes down after a factory nearby closes. Now the 20 employees who served factory workers are added to the ranks of the unemployed. From a sociological point of view their “failures” are
  2. unearned.
  3. troubles.
  4. achieved.
  5. inexplicable.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 255

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.4

NOTES: New

 

  1. Sociologists inspired by the __________ perspective would surely notice that only ten percent of the world’s billionaires are female.
  2. functionalist
  3. conflict
  4. symbolic interaction
  5. feminist

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 271

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.6

NOTES: New

 

  1. Sociologists inspired by the __________ perspective emphasize how the wealth of billionaires can depend on the labor of a million of workers worldwide — most of whom work for low wages and no benefits.
  2. functionalist
  3. conflict
  4. symbolic interaction
  5. feminist

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 269

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.6

NOTES: New

 

  1. Which perspective would be most interested in how billionaires “market” themselves and how they choose to display their wealth?
  2. functionalist
  3. conflict
  4. symbolic interaction
  5. feminist

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 270

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.6

NOTES: New

 

  1. From a __________ perspective, one way to promote economic growth is to allow innovators to earn unlimited wealth.
  2. functionalist
  3. conflict
  4. symbolic interaction
  5. feminist

 

ANSWER: a

 

  1. Sociologists inspired by the __________ perspective would point out that innovation drives the economy and employment can launch the innovator into the ranks of the wealthiest.
  2. functionalist
  3. conflict
  4. symbolic interaction
  5. feminist

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 269

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.6

NOTES: New

 

  1. When taken together, the interlocking categories people occupy “cultivate profound differences in our personal biography” and in our experiences with others as we move through the world. This statement applies to
  2. intersectionality.
  3. status groups.
  4. achieved statuses.
  5. social classes.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 251

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 – comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 7.3

NOTES: New

 

  1. We “see” people as a certain race, gender, social orientation, age, weight, and class. This way of seeing captures the concept of
  2. intersectionality.
  3. status group.
  4. achieved statuses.
  5. social class.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 252

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 – applied

TOPICS: Mod 7.3

NOTES: New

 

True / False

 

  1. Ascribed statuses involve some combination of choice, effort, and ability.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 237

TOPICS: Mod 7.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Ascribed statuses are attributes people can easily change.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 237

TOPICS: Mod 7.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. In a caste system, marriage between people from different castes is forbidden.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 238

TOPICS: Mod 7.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. In class systems inequality does not exist.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 239

TOPICS: Mod 7.1

NOTES: New

 

  1. Status symbols are visible markers of a person’s rank in a system of social stratification.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 243

TOPICS: Mod 7.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. According to Weber’s definition of a status group, skateboarders are such a group.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 262

TOPICS: Mod 7.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. A baby born in the United States has the best chance in the world of surviving its first year of life.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 262

TOPICS: Mod 7.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Japan is the country with the smallest income gap between the richest and poorest 10 percent of the population.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 264

TOPICS: Mod 7.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The concept of brain drain applies especially to healthcare workers.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 267

TOPICS: Mod 7.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Functionalists argue that social stratification is a tool for attracting the best qualified to the most important positions.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 248

TOPICS: Mod 7.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Symbolic interactionists seek to understand how inequality is enacted.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 251

TOPICS: Mod 7.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Hospitals, hotels, restaurants, and factories are among the industries that “depend” on employees who will work for minimum wage.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 257

TOPICS: Mod 7.4

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The poor rarely, if ever, volunteer for over-the-counter and prescription drug tests.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 258

TOPICS: Mod 7.4

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. From a functionalist view point, the U.S. economic system would be seriously strained if we completely eliminated poverty level wages.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 259

TOPICS: Mod 7.4

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. From a functionalist point of view, the economic system would thrive if poverty were eliminated.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 259

TOPICS: Mod 7.4

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. One economic transformation that helped to create inner city poor was the transfer of millions of manufacturing jobs out of the U.S.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 255

TOPICS: Mod 7.4

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. From a sociological point of view, a penalty is a constraint on opportunities and choices in life.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 252

TOPICS: Mod 7.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Compared to 2008, more Americans now identify as upper middle class.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 235

TOPICS: Chapter opener

NOTES: New

 

  1. Just about any criteria has been used to rank people on a scale of social worth.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 237

TOPICS: Mod 7.1

NOTES: New

 

  1. In the United States, children raised in the lowest households (bottom 20%) have a less than 5 percent chance of mobility.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 241

TOPICS: Mod 7.1

NOTES: New

 

  1. For Karl Marx the key variable in determining social class is marketable skills.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 244

TOPICS: Mod 7.2

NOTES: New

 

  1. According to Marx, the finance aristocracy gains income “without giving anything.”
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 244

TOPICS: Mod 7.2

NOTES: New

 

  1. Creative destruction brings employment security.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 256

TOPICS: Mod 7.4

NOTES: New

 

  1. Food banks, food stamps, and unemployment insurance represent responses to the destructive side of capitalism.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 257

TOPICS: Mod 7.4

NOTES: New

 

  1. Herbert Gans (functions of poverty) makes the case that the American economy depends on people working for poverty-level wages.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 257

TOPICS: Mod 7.4

NOTES: New

 

  1. Conflict theorists argue that a physician is a functionally more important status than a sanitation worker.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 250

TOPICS: Mod 7.3

NOTES: New

 

  1. The multiple social categories we hold cultivate profound differences in our personal biography.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 252

TOPICS: Mod 7.3

NOTES: New

 

  1. Some of the poorest countries in the U.S. consist of populations considered entirely white.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 252

TOPICS: Mod 7.3

NOTES: New

 

  1. Sociologists use the term privileged to mean an earned advantage or opportunity.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 252

TOPICS: Mod 7.3

NOTES: New

 

  1. Conflict theorists argue that billionaires are justly rewarded.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 270

TOPICS: Mod 7.6

NOTES: New

 

  1. Conflict theorists argue that billionaires’ wealth comes from exploiting the labor of millions.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 270

TOPICS: Mod 7.6

NOTES: New

 

  1. When looking at the list of the world’s billionaires, feminists notice that very few are female.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: True

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 271

TOPICS: Mod 7.6

NOTES: New

 

  1. Feminists assume that the spouses and partners of billionaires enjoy wealth that they had no hand in creating.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER: False

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 271

TOPICS: Mod 7.6

NOTES: New