The Human Body In Health And Disease 6th Edition By Patton – Test Bank

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The Human Body In Health And Disease 6th Edition By Patton – Test Bank

Chapter 6: Mechanisms of Disease

Test Bank

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. Which of the following is a sign?
A. a red rash C. a pain in the chest
B. a headache D. both B and C

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 114

TOP:    Disease terminology

 

  1. Which of the following is a symptom?
A. a red rash C. a pain in your chest
B. a headache D. both B and C

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 114

TOP:    Disease terminology

 

  1. Another name for the latent stage in an infectious disease is the _____ stage.
A. etiology C. incubation
B. communicable D. pathogenic

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 114         TOP:    Disease terminology

 

  1. An infectious disease that affects a large number of people worldwide is described as
A. endemic C. epidemic
B. pandemic D. idiopathic

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Pages 114-115                                    TOP:    Patterns of disease

 

  1. Another term for the word neoplasm is
A. tumor C. inflammation
B. parasite D. degeneration

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 116         TOP:    Mechanisms of disease

 

  1. Which of these factors is not a mechanism of disease?
A. degeneration C. infection
B. inflammation D. malnutrition

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Pages 116-117                                    TOP:    Mechanisms of disease

 

  1. Which of these factors is not a risk factor?
A. autoimmunity C. stress
B. lifestyle D. preexisting condition

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 117         TOP:    Risk factors

 

  1. Organisms that are called microbes include
A. fungi C. protozoa
B. bacteria D. all of the above

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 118         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. Which of the following pathogens are considered nonliving?
A. protozoa
B. viruses
C. bacteria
D. All of the above are considered living.

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 118         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. Mad cow disease is caused by a
A. bacterium C. prion
B. virus D. protozoon

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 120         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. Which type of pathogen can be classified by whether it has RNA or DNA as its nucleic acid?
A. bacterium C. prion
B. virus D. protozoon

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 118         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. Which type of pathogen is a microscopic living organism that does not have a nucleus?
A. bacterium C. prion
B. virus D. protozoon

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 120         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. Which type of pathogen can be classified based on its reaction to Gram stain?
A. bacterium C. prion
B. virus D. protozoon

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 120         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. Bacteria that are rod-shaped are called
A. cocci C. bacilli
B. spiral D. rickettsia

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 120         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. Athlete’s foot is caused by a
A. bacterium C. protozoon
B. virus D. fungus

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 122         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. The pathogenic animal most likely to be a vector is a(n)
A. arthropod C. roundworm
B. nematode D. flatworm

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 124         TOP:    Pathogenic animals

 

  1. An example of a benign tumor that arises from epithelial tissue is
A. osteoma C. adenoma
B. melanoma D. lymphoma

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 128         TOP:    Neoplasms

 

  1. An example of a benign tumor that arises from connective tissue is
A. osteoma C. adenoma
B. melanoma D. lymphoma

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 128         TOP:    Neoplasms

 

  1. An example of a malignant tumor that arises from epithelial tissue is
A. osteoma C. adenoma
B. melanoma D. lymphoma

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 129         TOP:    Neoplasms

 

  1. An example of a malignant tumor that arises from connective tissue is
A. osteoma C. adenoma
B. melanoma D. lymphoma

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 129         TOP:    Neoplasms

 

  1. Abnormal, undifferentiated tumor cells are often produced by a process called
A. hyperplasia C. metastasis
B. anaplasia D. edema

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 129         TOP:    Causes of cancer

 

  1. Which of these is not a diagnostic imaging method used to detect cancer?
A. radiography C. laser therapy
B. magnetic resonance imaging D. computed tomography

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 132         TOP:    Pathogenesis of cancer

 

  1. Inflammation mediators include all of the following except
A. antibodies C. prostaglandins
B. histamines D. kinins

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 133         TOP:    Inflammatory response

 

  1. The movement of white blood cells in response to a chemical attractant released during the inflammatory response is called
A. edema C. chemotaxis
B. inflammatory exudate D. phagocytosis

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 134         TOP:    Inflammatory response

 

  1. Which of the following is not an example of a chronic inflammatory disease?
A. arthritis
B. asthma
C. chronic bronchitis
D. All of the above are examples of chronic inflammatory disease.

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 134         TOP:    Inflammatory disease

 

  1. A syndrome is a
A. collection of signs and symptoms
B. disease that lasts for a long time
C. disease that lasts for a short time
D. set of subjective abnormalities that are felt only by the patient

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 114         TOP:    Disease terminology

 

  1. HIV cannot be spread by
A. sharing drinking fountains C. the birth process
B. sexual contact D. All of the above can spread HIV.

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 119         TOP:    Viruses

 

  1. The mosquito is necessary for the spread of
A. HIV
B. West Nile virus
C. severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
D. mad cow disease

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 119         TOP:    Viruses

 

  1. Which of these bacteria are considered obligate intracellular parasites?
A. streptococci C. Escherichia coli
B. staphylococci D. chlamydia

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 120         TOP:    Bacteria

 

TRUE/FALSE

 

  1. A symptom is an objective abnormality that can be seen or measured by someone else.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 114         TOP:    Disease terminology

 

  1. One sign of measles is the rash that it sometimes causes.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 114

TOP:    Disease terminology

 

  1. One sign of the flu is that the patient feels tired all the time he or she has it.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 114

TOP:    Disease terminology

 

  1. A collection of signs and symptoms of a disease can be called a syndrome.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 114         TOP:    Disease terminology

 

  1. A disease with an undetermined etiology is called idiopathic.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 114

TOP:    Disease terminology

 

  1. In infectious diseases, the latent stage is also called the incubation period.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 114         TOP:    Disease terminology

 

  1. The terms endemic and epidemic mean the same thing.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 115         TOP:    Patterns of disease

 

  1. An epidemic usually involves more people than a pandemic.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 115         TOP:    Patterns of disease

 

  1. Pathophysiology is the organized study of the physiological process associated with disease.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 116         TOP:    Mechanisms of disease

 

  1. The fungus that causes athlete’s foot is a parasite, and the person who has the condition is the host.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 123

TOP:    Mechanisms of disease

 

  1. Risk factors increase the likelihood of contracting a disease.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 117         TOP:    Risk factors

 

  1. Increasing age is a risk factor in all diseases.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 117         TOP:    Risk factors

 

  1. With effort, all risk factors for a disease can be avoided.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 117

TOP:    Risk factors

 

  1. Viruses and prions are considered nonliving.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 118         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. The transmission of West Nile virus requires a vector.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 119

TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. One of the unique characteristics of viruses is their use of only RNA as a nucleic acid.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 118         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. One of the unique characteristics of bacteria is their lack of a nucleus.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 120         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. Gram staining is used as a method to classify viruses.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 120         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. Bacilli are round bacteria that can be found singly, in pairs, or in strings.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 120         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. Rickettsia is an example of a small bacterium.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 120         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. A number of human diseases are caused by a special type of microbe called archaea.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 118         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. Fungal infections are also called mycotic infections.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Pages 122-123                                    TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. Both yeasts and molds are considered fungi.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 122         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. Flagellates, sporozoa, and nematodes are examples of protists that cause disease.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 123         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. A fluke is a type of flatworm.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 124         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. The spread of Lyme disease by a tick is an example of a disease spread by an arthropod vector.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 126

TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. Streptomycin, penicillin, and acyclovir are examples of antibiotics used to fight bacterial infection.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 127         TOP:    Prevention and control

 

  1. Another word for a neoplasm is a tumor.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 128         TOP:    Neoplasms

 

  1. Malignant tumors are less likely to spread than benign tumors.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 128         TOP:    Neoplasms

 

  1. The spread of a tumor to another part of the body is called metastasis.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 128         TOP:    Neoplasms

 

  1. A lymphoma is more likely to spread than a lipoma.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 128

TOP:    Neoplasms

 

  1. An osteoma is more likely to spread than an osteosarcoma.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Pages 128-129

TOP:    Neoplasms

 

  1. A malignant tumor that arises from epithelial tissue is usually called a carcinoma.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 129         TOP:    Neoplasms

 

  1. A malignant tumor that arises from connective tissue is usually called a sarcoma.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 129         TOP:    Neoplasms

 

  1. A melanoma is an example of a sarcoma.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 129

TOP:    Neoplasms

 

  1. Carcinogens are substances that affect genetic activity in some way.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 130         TOP:    Causes of cancer

 

  1. The risk of contracting all cancers increases with increasing age.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 130         TOP:    Causes of cancer

 

  1. A biopsy is the removal of a piece of the neoplasm to determine whether it is benign or malignant.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 132         TOP:    Pathogenesis of cancer

 

  1. A prognosis is a statement regarding the likely outcome of a disease.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 132         TOP:    Pathogenesis of cancer

 

  1. For a cancer patient, cachexia is a positive prognostic sign.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 132

TOP:    Pathogenesis of cancer

 

  1. The inflammatory response has four primary signs: redness, heat, swelling, and pain.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 133         TOP:    Inflammatory response

 

  1. Histamines and prostaglandins are two examples of inflammation mediators.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 133         TOP:    Inflammatory response

 

  1. The decrease in permeability in the blood vessel walls allows white blood cells and water to more easily leave the bloodstream.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 133         TOP:    Inflammatory response

 

  1. An increase in inflammatory exudate being carried through the lymphatic system causes the lymph nodes to enlarge.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 134         TOP:    Inflammatory response

 

  1. An increased amount of chemotaxis can lead to an increased amount of pus in an area of inflammation.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Synthesis         REF:    Page 134

TOP:    Inflammatory response

 

  1. Fever is detrimental to the body’s immune system and should be treated aggressively to return the body to a more normal temperature.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 134         TOP:    Inflammatory disease

 

  1. The difference between an acute and chronic disease is the length of time the disease lasts.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 114         TOP:    Disease terminology

 

  1. The terms etiology and pathogenesis are interchangeable.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 114         TOP:    Disease terminology

 

  1. Because of the advances in medicine, pandemics are less common than they once were.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 114         TOP:    Patterns of disease

 

  1. A disease can be described as a fluctuation in the homeostasis of the body that goes beyond what is considered a normal fluctuation.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 116         TOP:    Mechanisms of disease

 

  1. A broken leg would be considered a traumatic mechanism of disease.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 116         TOP:    Mechanisms of disease

 

  1. Both autoimmune disorders and degenerative disorders are considered inflammatory disorders.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 118         TOP:    Mechanisms of disease

 

  1. One characteristic of viral diseases is their rapid onset after the initial infection.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 119         TOP:    Viruses

 

  1. To prevent the spread of HIV, persons who are HIV positive should have their own bathroom and drinking glasses.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 119         TOP:    Viruses

 

  1. Spores allow some viruses to survive adverse environmental conditions.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 120         TOP:    Bacteria

 

  1. Organisms that cause opportunistic infections require specific environmental conditions before they can become infectious.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 126         TOP:    Prevention and control

 

  1. Oncogenes are cancer-causing genes.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 129         TOP:    Causes of cancer

 

  1. Edema occurs when water leaves the blood vessels and enters the tissues.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 133         TOP:    Inflammatory response

 

MATCHING

 

Match each term with its corresponding definition or explanation.

A. sign F. pathogenesis
B. symptoms G. latent stage
C. syndrome H. endemic
D. etiology I. epidemic
E. idiopathic J. pandemic

 

 

  1. actual pattern of a disease’s development

 

  1. the “hidden” period of a disease before signs and symptoms become evident

 

  1. objective abnormalities caused by a disease that can be seen or measured by someone other than the patient

 

  1. a disease that is native to a local region

 

  1. the study of all factors involved in causing a disease

 

  1. the spread of a disease to many people in a more limited geographical area

 

  1. a disease with an undetermined cause

 

  1. subjective conditions of a disease that are felt only by the patient

 

  1. the spread of a disease to a very large number of people in a large or worldwide geographical area

 

  1. a collection of different signs and symptoms that provides a clear picture of a pathological condition

 

  1. ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 114         TOP:    Disease terminology

 

  1. ANS:   G                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 114         TOP:    Disease terminology

 

  1. ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 114         TOP:    Disease terminology

 

  1. ANS:   H                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 115         TOP:    Patters of disease

 

  1. ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 114         TOP:    Disease terminology

 

  1. ANS:   I                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 115         TOP:    Patters of disease

 

  1. ANS:   E                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 114         TOP:    Disease terminology

 

  1. ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 114         TOP:    Disease terminology

 

  1. ANS:   J                      PTS:    0                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 115         TOP:    Patters of disease

 

  1. ANS:   C                     PTS:    0                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 114         TOP:    Disease terminology

 

Match each disease-causing agent to its corresponding definition or characteristic.

A. virus E. protozoan
B. prion F. nematode
C. bacterium G. platyhelminth
D. fungus H. arthropod

 

 

  1. group that includes flatworms and an organism that causes schistosomiasis

 

  1. group of agents that can be classified according to whether it contains RNA or DNA as its nucleic acid

 

  1. group that includes yeast and mold and includes the organism responsible for athlete’s foot

 

  1. group that includes “nonliving” pathogenic protein particles

 

  1. group that includes large parasites known as roundworms

 

  1. group that includes small organisms without nuclei that can be classified by their response to Gram stain

 

  1. group that includes small organisms with nuclei that can be classified by their means of locomotion

 

  1. group that includes ticks and fleas that are frequently vectors for other pathogens

 

  1. ANS:   G                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 124         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 118         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 122         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 119         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 124         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 120         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. ANS:   E                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 123

TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. ANS:   H                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 124         TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

Match each term with its corresponding definition or description.

A. neoplasm D. metastasis
B. benign E. carcinoma
C. malignant F. sarcoma

 

 

  1. usually refers to malignant tumors arising from epithelial tissue

 

  1. another term for a tumor that actually means “new matter”

 

  1. a tumor that remains localized in the tissue from which it arose

 

  1. refers to the spreading process of a tumor

 

  1. refers to a type of tumor that spreads to other parts of the body

 

  1. term that usually denotes a malignant tumor that arises from connective tissue

 

  1. ANS:   E                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 129         TOP:    Neoplasms

 

  1. ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 128         TOP:    Neoplasms

 

  1. ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 128         TOP:    Neoplasms

 

  1. ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 129         TOP:    Neoplasms

 

  1. ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Pages 128-129                                    TOP:    Neoplasms

 

  1. ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 129         TOP:    Neoplasms

 

SHORT ANSWER

 

  1. Explain the difference between a symptom and a sign and give an example of each.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 114

TOP:    Disease terminology

 

  1. Define or explain the following terms: endemic, epidemic, and pandemic.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 115

TOP:    Patterns of disease

 

  1. List and explain the eight mechanisms of disease discussed in this chapter.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Pages 116-117

TOP:    Mechanisms of disease

 

  1. List and explain the risk factors of disease discussed in this chapter. Which risk factors are capable of being avoided?

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 117         TOP:    Risk factors

 

  1. Describe a virus and list the ways in which a virus can be classified. Name a disease that is caused by a virus.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Pages 118-119

TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. Describe a prion. Name a disease that is caused by a virus.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Pages 119-120

TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. Describe a bacterium and list the ways in which a bacterium can be classified.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Pages 120-121

TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. Explain why bacteria that form spores are potentially more dangerous than bacteria that don’t form spores.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 121

TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. Describe a fungus. Name a disease caused by a fungus and list the two forms that fungi can take.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Pages 122-123

TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. List and briefly describe the four classes of protozoa described in the chapter.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 123

TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. List and briefly describe the three pathogenic animals discussed in the chapter. Which of these groups is most likely to be a vector?

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Pages 123-124

TOP:    Pathogenic organisms and particles

 

  1. List and briefly describe the four methods of disease prevention and control discussed in the chapter.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Pages 124-128

TOP:    Prevention and control

 

  1. Define or explain the following terms: neoplasm, benign, malignant, metastasis, carcinoma, and sarcoma.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Pages 128-129

TOP:    Neoplasms

 

  1. Give an example of a benign tumor and a malignant tumor that arise from epithelial tissue.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 128

TOP:    Neoplasms

 

  1. Give an example of a benign tumor and a malignant tumor that arise from connective tissue.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Pages 128-129

TOP:    Neoplasms

 

  1. List and briefly explain the causes of cancer discussed in the chapter.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Pages 129-130

TOP:    Causes of cancer

 

  1. Explain the means of cancer detection discussed in the chapter.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Pages 130-132

TOP:    Pathogenesis of cancer

 

  1. Explain the treatment methods for cancer discussed in the chapter.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 131

TOP:    Pathogenesis of cancer

 

  1. What are the four primary signs of inflammation?

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 133

TOP:    Inflammatory response

 

  1. Explain why it is helpful in the inflammatory response to dilate the blood vessels and make the vessel walls more permeable. Include a definition of chemotaxis.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Synthesis        REF:    Page 133

TOP:    Inflammatory response

 

  1. What causes fever and what advantage does fever give the body in fighting disease?

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 134

TOP:    Inflammatory disease

 

Chapter 7: The Integumentary System and Body Membranes

Test Bank

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. Which of the following is not an epithelial membrane?
A. cutaneous C. synovial
B. mucous D. serous

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 144         TOP:    Epithelial membranes

 

  1. Which of the following is not a connective tissue membrane?
A. cutaneous
B. mucous
C. synovial
D. Neither A nor B is a connective tissue membrane.

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 145         TOP:    Connective tissue membranes

 

  1. The pleura in the thoracic cavity is an example of a _____ membrane.
A. mucous C. cutaneous
B. serous D. synovial

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 145         TOP:    Epithelial membranes

 

  1. The skin is an example of a _____ membrane.
A. mucous C. cutaneous
B. serous D. synovial

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 144         TOP:    Epithelial membranes

 

  1. The lining of the mouth is an example of a _____ membrane.
A. mucous C. cutaneous
B. serous D. synovial

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 145

TOP:    Epithelial membranes

 

  1. Which type of membrane contains connective tissue?
A. a mucous membrane C. a synovial membrane
B. a serous membrane D. all of the above

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Pages 144-145

TOP:    Classification of body membranes

 

  1. The visceral peritoneum covers the _____ of the _____ cavity.
A. wall; chest C. wall; abdominal
B. organs; abdominal D. organs; chest

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 144         TOP:    Epithelial membranes

 

  1. Which type of membrane lines the space between bones in joints that move?
A. cutaneous membrane C. synovial membrane
B. mucous membrane D. epithelial membrane

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 145         TOP:    Connective tissue membranes

 

  1. Which statement is not true of the epidermis?
A. It is a cutaneous membrane.
B. It is composed mostly of connective tissue.
C. It is the outermost layer of skin.
D. It contains the stratum germinativum.

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 146         TOP:    Structure of the skin

 

  1. Which statement is not true of the dermis?
A. It is a cutaneous membrane.
B. It is composed mostly of connective tissue.
C. It contains the stratum germinativum.
D. All of the above are true of the dermis.

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 146         TOP:    Structure of the skin

 

  1. The stratum corneum
A. is composed mostly of dead cells
B. is the innermost layer of the epidermis
C. contains melanocytes that give the skin color
D. Both B and C describe the stratum corneum.

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 146         TOP:    Structure of the skin

 

  1. The skin tans in response to sunlight because of the _____ in the stratum _____.
A. keratin; germinativum C. keratin; corneum
B. melanin; germinativum D. melanin; corneum

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Pages 146-147

TOP:    Structure of the skin

 

  1. A blister forms at the junction of the
A. dermis and epidermis
B. stratum corneum and stratum germinativum
C. dermis and the subcutaneous tissue
D. both A and C

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Pages 147-148                                    TOP:    Structure of the skin

 

  1. Which of the following is not found in the dermis of the skin?
A. collagen connective tissue
B. nerve endings
C. melanocytes, which give the skin color
D. sweat glands

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 146         TOP:    Structure of the skin

 

  1. Hair growth begins from a small cup-shaped cluster of cells called the
A. hair follicle C. hair papilla
B. lanugo D. hair shaft

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 151         TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. The arrector pili muscle causes
A. alopecia C. lanugo
B. goose pimples D. male pattern baldness

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 152         TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. The layer of epithelial tissue under the fingernail is called the
A. nail body C. lunula
B. cuticle D. nail bed

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 153         TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. Which of the following is not an example of an eccrine gland?
A. sweat gland C. sebaceous gland
B. sudoriferous gland D. perspiration gland

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 154         TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. Which type of gland secretes oil for the skin and hair?
A. sebaceous gland C. eccrine gland
B. sudoriferous gland D. apocrine gland

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 154         TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. Burns that are characterized by blisters, severe pain, and swelling are classified as ____ degree burns.
A. first C. third
B. second D. fourth

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 157         TOP:    Burns

 

  1. The rule of nines is used to determine the
A. depth of burns
B. degree of burns
C. body surface area that has been burned
D. both A and B

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 158         TOP:    Burns

 

  1. The general name given to mycotic skin infections is
A. tinea C. warts
B. impetigo D. scabies

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 158         TOP:    Skin infections

 

  1. Which skin infection is also called furuncles?
A. tinea C. warts
B. impetigo D. boils

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 159         TOP:    Skin infections

 

  1. Which skin infection is caused by a papillomavirus?
A. tinea C. warts
B. impetigo D. boils

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 159         TOP:    Skin infections

 

  1. What is another term for a pressure sore?
A. plaque C. urticaria
B. scleroderma D. decubitus

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 159         TOP:    Vascular and inflammatory skin disorders

 

  1. Which skin disorder results from an autoimmune disease?
A. decubitus C. urticaria
B. scleroderma D. eczema

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 160         TOP:    Vascular and inflammatory skin disorders

 

  1. Which is the most common type of skin cancer?
A. squamous cell carcinoma C. melanoma
B. basal cell carcinoma D. Kaposi sarcoma

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 161         TOP:    Skin cancer

 

  1. Which is the most serious form of skin cancer that can develop from a mole?
A. squamous cell carcinoma C. melanoma
B. basal cell carcinoma D. Kaposi sarcoma

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Pages 161-162                                    TOP:    Skin cancer

 

  1. Which of the following membranes do not contain epithelial tissue?
A. mucous
B. serous
C. synovial
D. All of the above membranes contain epithelial tissue.

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 144         TOP:    Classification of the body membranes

 

  1. The parietal pleura covers the _____ of the _____ cavity.
A. wall; chest C. wall; abdominal
B. organs; chest D. organs; abdominal

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 144         TOP:    Serous membranes

 

  1. A membrane that lines a body surface that opens to the exterior of the body is most likely a _____ membrane.
A. synovial C. mucous
B. serous D. serous or mucous

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 145         TOP:    Mucous membranes

 

  1. A membrane that lines a closed body cavity is most likely a _____ membrane.
A. synovial C. mucous
B. serous D. serous or mucous

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Pages 144-145                                    TOP:    Serous membranes

 

  1. The crescent-shaped white area near the root of the nail is called the
A. cuticle C. lunula
B. nail bed D. nail body

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 153         TOP:    Nails

 

  1. Which of the following is not true of apocrine glands?
A. They are skin glands.
B. They are sweat glands.
C. They are found primarily in the axilla and genital area.
D. They are found distributed over most of the body surface.

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 154         TOP:    Sweat (sudoriferous) glands

 

  1. Which of the following is not a function of the hypodermis?
A. helps insulate the body
B. contains receptors for deep pressure touch
C. can be used as an energy source
D. helps protect the underlying tissue

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 151         TOP:    Structure of the skin

 

TRUE/FALSE

 

  1. Epithelial membranes contain both epithelial and connective tissue.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 144         TOP:    Classification of body membranes

 

  1. Connective tissue membranes contain both epithelial and connective tissue.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 144         TOP:    Classification of body membranes

 

  1. The skin is considered to be a cutaneous epithelial membrane.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 144         TOP:    Epithelial membranes

 

  1. The lungs are covered by the parietal pleura.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 145

TOP:    Epithelial membranes

 

  1. The stomach and intestines are covered by the visceral pleura.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 145

TOP:    Epithelial membranes

 

  1. The membranes lining the thoracic and abdominal cavities are both parietal serous membranes.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 144

TOP:    Epithelial membranes

 

  1. Both pleurisy and peritonitis are inflammations of parietal serous membranes.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Pages 144-145

TOP:    Epithelial membranes

 

  1. Serous membranes line the digestive and respiratory tracts.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 145         TOP:    Epithelial membranes

 

  1. Mucocutaneous junctions are the meeting place of two epithelial membranes.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 145

TOP:    Epithelial membranes

 

  1. The bursae contain both epithelial and connective tissue.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 145

TOP:    Connective tissue membranes

 

  1. Synovial membranes are connective tissue membranes.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 145         TOP:    Connective tissue membranes

 

  1. The skin is made up of two layers: the epidermis and the dermis.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Pages 145-146                                    TOP:    The skin

 

  1. The hypodermis is another term for the epidermis.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 146         TOP:    The skin

 

  1. The stratum germinativum allows injury to the skin to heal rapidly.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 146

TOP:    The skin

 

  1. The protein keratin gives the dermis the strength and toughness to protect the tissues underneath the skin.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 146         TOP:    The skin

 

  1. The ability of the skin to tan depends on the functioning of the melanocytes.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Pages 146-147

TOP:    The skin

 

  1. The loss of melanocytes leads to a condition called vitiligo.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 147         TOP:    The skin

 

  1. Cyanosis of the skin is caused by a loss of melanocytes.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 147         TOP:    The skin

 

  1. Albinism and vitiligo occur because of the same direct cause.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Synthesis         REF:    Page 147

TOP:    The skin

 

  1. A separation of the dermis from the subcutaneous tissue results in a blister.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 150         TOP:    The skin

 

  1. The dermis contains more connective tissue than the epidermis.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 146         TOP:    The skin

 

  1. The dermis is thicker than the epidermis.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 146         TOP:    The skin

 

  1. The arrangement of the dermal papillae can be used as a method of identification.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 150         TOP:    The skin

 

  1. Port-wine stain birthmarks usually disappear by age 7 with no treatment.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 151         TOP:    The skin

 

  1. Lanugo is the fine hair that a newborn begins to grow at about 3 months of age.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 151         TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. The cap-shaped cluster of cells where hair growth begins is called the hair follicle.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 151         TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. The part of the hair that we see is called the hair shaft.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 151         TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. Male pattern baldness is a type of alopecia.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 152         TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. The contraction of the arrector pili muscle causes the skin to recoil back if it is pulled away from the underlying tissue.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 152         TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. The visible part of the nail is called the nail bed.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 153         TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. The nail root is hidden because it is covered by a fold of skin called the lunula.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 153         TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. The fingernails can be used to evaluate whether the blood is carrying enough oxygen.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 153

TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. Sweat glands of the body include two varieties: eccrine and apocrine glands.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 153         TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. Apocrine glands greatly outnumber the eccrine glands.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 153         TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. Eccrine glands contribute to the temperature regulating function of the skin.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 154         TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. Antiperspirants are used to suppress the functioning of the apocrine glands.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 154

TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. Sebaceous glands produce an oil-like substance called sebum.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 154         TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. One of the causes of acne is the overproduction of oil from the apocrine glands.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 154         TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. The topical application of Accutane is a treatment of acne.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 154         TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. Both keratin and melanin assist the skin in its function of protection.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 155

TOP:    Functions of the skin

 

  1. The temperature regulating function of the skin can only be accomplished by a high concentration of blood vessels in the skin.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Pages 155-156                                    TOP:    Functions of the skin

 

  1. The skin more effectively cools the body on drier days than on days with high humidity.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Synthesis         REF:    Pages 155-156

TOP:    Functions of the skin

 

  1. One of the most damaging effects of a major burn is its effect on fluid and electrolyte balance of the body.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 157

TOP:    Burns

 

  1. A typical sunburn causes a second-degree burn.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 157         TOP:    Burns

 

  1. Blisters, severe pain, and swelling are characteristics of a third-degree burn.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 157         TOP:    Burns

 

  1. The “rule of nines” divides the body into nine areas to estimate body surface area.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 158         TOP:    Burns

 

  1. Impetigo is caused by the papillomavirus.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 158         TOP:    Skin infections

 

  1. Tinea is a general term for a mycotic infection.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 158         TOP:    Skin infections

 

  1. Lying in one position too long can cause a pressure sore called a decubitus ulcer.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 159         TOP:    Vascular and inflammatory skin disorders

 

  1. Wheals are a characteristic sign of scleroderma.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 160         TOP:    Vascular and inflammatory skin disorders

 

  1. Melanoma is a serious form of skin cancer that can develop from a mole.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 161         TOP:    Skin cancer

 

  1. Many pathophysiologists believe that exposure to the sun’s UV rays is a contributing cause of skin cancer.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 162         TOP:    Skin cancer

 

  1. Mucous membranes are found only in the closed cavities of the body.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 144         TOP:    Serous membranes

 

  1. Mucous membranes line the respiratory and digestive tracts of the body.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 145         TOP:    Mucous membranes

 

  1. One function of the hypodermis is to store energy.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 151         TOP:    Structure of the skin

 

  1. The upper layer of the stratum corneum is made up mostly of dead cells.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 146         TOP:    Epidermis

 

  1. The hereditary condition that is characterized by a total or partial lack of melanin is called vitiligo.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 147         TOP:    Epidermis

 

  1. Most of the skin covering the body is thick skin; thin skin is found only on the face and on the fingertips.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 146         TOP:    Dermis

 

  1. Hair follicles are necessary for hair to grow.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 151         TOP:    Hair

 

  1. The Meissner corpuscle detects pressure deep in the dermis.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 152         TOP:    Receptors

 

  1. Pacini corpuscles are also called tactile corpuscles.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 152         TOP:    Receptors

 

  1. Both vitamin A acid and Accutane are used to treat acne.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 154         TOP:    Acne

 

MATCHING

 

Match each term with its corresponding definition or description.

A. cutaneous membrane E. parietal peritoneum
B. visceral pleura F. mucous membrane
C. parietal pleura G. synovial membrane
D. visceral peritoneum H. bursae

 

 

  1. membrane that lines the spaces between bones in joints

 

  1. membrane that lines the walls of the chest cavity

 

  1. membrane that lines the tubes of respiratory and digestive systems

 

  1. small cushionlike sacs that are lined with synovial membrane

 

  1. membrane that lines the walls of the abdominal cavity

 

  1. tissue that covers the organs in the chest cavity

 

  1. membrane of which the skin is made

 

  1. tissue that covers the organs in the abdominal cavity

 

  1. ANS:   G                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 145         TOP:    Connective tissue membranes

 

  1. ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 144         TOP:    Epithelial membranes

 

  1. ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 145         TOP:    Epithelial membranes

 

  1. ANS:   H                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 145         TOP:    Connective tissue membranes

 

  1. ANS:   E                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 144         TOP:    Epithelial membranes

 

  1. ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 144         TOP:    Epithelial membranes

 

  1. ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 144         TOP:    Epithelial membranes

 

  1. ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 144         TOP:    Epithelial membranes

 

Match each skin disease with its corresponding symptoms or cause.

A. impetigo G. decubitus ulcer
B. acne H. squamous cell carcinoma
C. tinea I. scleroderma
D. warts J. psoriasis
E. boils K. melanoma
F. scabies L. Kaposi sarcoma

 

 

  1. an autoimmune disease that affects blood vessels and connective tissues in the skin

 

  1. condition caused by a papillomavirus

 

  1. virulent skin cancer that can develop from a mole

 

  1. condition that usually occurs between the ages of 10 and 19 and results from a fivefold increase in production of sebum

 

  1. another term for a pressure sore

 

  1. a common chronic skin disease that is characterized by silvery white scalelike plaques

 

  1. a highly contagious skin infection that occurs most often in young children

 

  1. the most common form of skin cancer; a slow-growing cancer of the epidermis

 

  1. infections of the hair follicle that are also called furuncles

 

  1. a skin condition caused by itch mites

 

  1. skin cancer most commonly seen in people with immune deficiencies

 

  1. a general term used to describe fungal infections of the skin

 

  1. ANS:   I                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 160         TOP:    Vascular and inflammatory skin disorders

 

  1. ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 159         TOP:    Skin infections

 

  1. ANS:   K                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 161         TOP:    Skin cancer

 

  1. ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 154         TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. ANS:   G                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 159         TOP:    Vascular and inflammatory skin disorders

 

  1. ANS:   J                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 160         TOP:    Vascular and inflammatory skin disorders

 

  1. ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 158         TOP:    Skin infections

 

  1. ANS:   H                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 161         TOP:    Skin cancer

 

  1. ANS:   E                     PTS:    0                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 159         TOP:    Skin infections

 

  1. ANS:   F                      PTS:    0                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 159         TOP:    Skin infections

 

  1. ANS:   L                     PTS:    0                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 162         TOP:    Skin cancer

 

  1. ANS:   C                     PTS:    0                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 158         TOP:    Skin infections

 

Match each term with its corresponding definition or description.

A. hypodermis H. eccrine gland
B. hair papilla I. stratum germinativum
C. dermal papillae J. arrector pili
D. Meissner corpuscle K. sebaceous gland
E. stratum corneum L. lunula
F. lanugo M. apocrine gland
G. melanin N. Pacini corpuscle

 

 

  1. outer layer of the epidermis made mostly of dead cells

 

  1. muscle attached to the side of the hair follicle

 

  1. small cuplike cluster of cells from which hair growth begins

 

  1. skin receptor that detects light touch

 

  1. layer of fat below the dermis; also called subcutaneous tissue

 

  1. parallel rows of peglike projections in the dermis

 

  1. sweat glands that are found only in the axillae and around the genitals

 

  1. crescent-shaped white area of the nail

 

  1. pigment that gives the skin its color

 

  1. skin gland that secretes an oil called sebum

 

  1. inner layer of the epidermis that is in constant mitosis

 

  1. sweat gland that is the most numerous

 

  1. soft, fine hair that is found on newborn infants

 

  1. skin receptor that detects pressure deep in the dermis

 

  1. ANS:   E                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 146         TOP:    Epidermis

 

  1. ANS:   J                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 152         TOP:    Hair

 

  1. ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 151         TOP:    Hair

 

  1. ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 152         TOP:    Receptors

 

  1. ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 151         TOP:    Structure of the skin

 

  1. ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 150         TOP:    Dermis

 

  1. ANS:   M                    PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 154         TOP:    Sweat (sudoriferous) glands

 

  1. ANS:   L                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 153         TOP:    Nails

 

  1. ANS:   G                     PTS:    0                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 146         TOP:    Epidermis

 

  1. ANS:   K                     PTS:    0                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 145         TOP:    Sebaceous glands

 

  1. ANS:   I                      PTS:    0                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 146         TOP:    Epidermis

 

  1. ANS:   H                     PTS:    0                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 153         TOP:    Sweat (sudoriferous) glands

 

  1. ANS:   F                      PTS:    0                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 151         TOP:    Hair

 

  1. ANS:   N                     PTS:    0                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 152         TOP:    Receptors

 

SHORT ANSWER

 

  1. Describe and give the location of the epithelial membranes of the body.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Pages 144-145

TOP:    Epithelial membranes

 

  1. Describe the connective tissue membranes of the body.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 145

TOP:    Connective tissue membranes

 

  1. Describe the epidermis of the skin. Explain how the epidermis contributes to the protective function of the skin.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 146         TOP:    The skin

 

  1. Describe the dermis of the skin.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 146

TOP:    The skin

 

  1. Describe the three types of birthmarks discussed in the chapter and the likelihood of each resolving without treatment.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Pages 150-151

TOP:    The skin

 

  1. Describe the structure of hair.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Pages 151-152

TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. Describe the different types of alopecia.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 152

TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. Describe the structure of nails.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 153

TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. Describe the two different types of sweat glands in terms of their location and the type of fluid they secrete.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Pages 153-154

TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. Describe the location and secretions of the sebaceous glands.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 154

TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. Explain the causes of acne and give some possible treatments for the condition.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 154

TOP:    Appendages of the skin

 

  1. Explain the role of the skin in the body’s temperature regulation.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Pages 155-156

TOP:    Functions of the skin

 

  1. Explain why the skin has more difficulty regulating body temperature on humid days than on dry days.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Synthesis        REF:    Pages 155-156

TOP:    Functions of the skin

 

  1. Explain the differences among first-, second-, third-, and fourth-degree burns.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 157

TOP:    Burns

 

  1. If a person was burned on the front and back of both legs, about what percentage of the body surface area would be burned?

 

ANS:

About 36%

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 158         TOP:    Burns

 

  1. List the characteristics and causes of the five skin infections discussed in the chapter.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Pages 158-158

TOP:    Skin infections

 

  1. Pressure sores are a problem for people who are bedridden and debilitated. Explain why you would expect this to be the case.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Synthesis        REF:    Page 159

TOP:    Vascular and inflammatory skin disorders

 

  1. Briefly describe the disorders hives, scleroderma, psoriasis, and eczema.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Pages 159-161

TOP:    Vascular and inflammatory skin disorders

 

  1. Describe the four types of skin cancer identified in the chapter.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Pages 161-162

TOP:    Skin cancer

 

  1. List the “ABCD” rule of self-examination for melanoma.

 

ANS:

Asymmetry, Border, Color, Diameter

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 162

TOP:    Skin cancer