THINK World Religions 2nd Edition By Robson –  Test Bank

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THINK World Religions 2nd Edition By Robson –  Test Bank

 

Sample  Questions

 

Chapter 3Hinduism: The Eternal Law

 

The questions in this test bank have been updated and revised to reflect changes in THINK World Religions, 2nd edition. There is also a new system for identifying the difficulty of the questions. In this revision, the questions are now tagged according to the four levels of learning that help organize the text. Think of these four levels as moving from lower-level to higher-level cognitive reasoning. The four levels are:

 

REMEMBER: a question involving recall of key terms or factual material

UNDERSTAND: a question testing comprehension of more complex ideas

APPLY: a question applying sociological knowledge to some new situation

ANALYZE: a question requiring identifying elements of an argument and their interrelationship

 

The 45 questions in this chapter’s test bank are divided into six types of questions. As the table below shows, more than half of these questions are “Remember” questions and most questions fall within the lowest three levels of cognitive reasoning (Remember, Understand, and Apply). Multiple Choice, True/False, Fill in the Blank, and Matching questions span the broadest range of skills (the majority are “Remember” questions and the remainder are “Understand” questions). Short Answer questions touch on more advanced skills (from “Understand” to “Apply”). Finally, Essay questions are the most demanding because they include the highest levels of cognitive reasoning (from “Apply” to “Analyze”).

 

Types of Questions

Easy to Difficult Level of Difficulty

  Multiple Choice True/False Fill in the Blank Matching Short Answer Essay Total Questions
Remember 14 5 4 5 0 0 28
Understand 1 5 1 0 4 0 11
Apply 0 0 0 0 1 2 3
Analyze 0 0 0 0 0 3 3
Totals 15 10 5 5 5 5 45

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

  1. Which of the following best describes “puja”?
  2. A ritual believed to cleanse the practitioner from sin
  3. A ceremony performed at the start of harvest season
  4. A wedding
  5. A ritual performed to awaken and clothe a god

(REMEMBER; Answer: D; page 26)

 

  1. Sanatana dharma means:
  2. ancient love.
  3. created light.
  4. eternal law.
  5. ageless peace.

(REMEMBER; Answer: C; page 26)

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT one of the three central gods of Hinduism?
  2. Brahman
  3. Ganesh
  4. Vishnu
  5. Shiva

(REMEMBER; Answer: B; page 29)

 

  1. What is “atman”?
  2. The individual soul
  3. The cosmic matter
  4. The love of Brahman
  5. A ritual performed to purify worshipers

(REMEMBER; Answer: A; page 33)

 

  1. In Sanskrit, “dharma” means __________.
  2. to push apart
  3. to hold together
  4. to keep safe
  5. to promote peace

(REMEMBER; Answer: B; page 26)

 

  1. Dharma helps explain the social practice of __________.
  2. castes and subcastes
  3. ritual and worship
  4. yoga
  5. all of the above

(UNDERSTAND; Answer:  D; pages 26)

 

  1. Which of the following is the Sanskrit word for “scripture”?
  2. Smrti
  3. Sruti
  4. Vedanta
  5. Yoga

(REMEMBER; Answer: B; pages 26-28)

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT one of the three basic ways Hindus learn about cosmic reality?
  2. Smrti
  3. Sruti
  4. Puranas
  5. Atari

(REMEMBER; Answer: D; page 26-27)

 

  1. Which of the following is the newest of the Vedic texts?
  2. The Upanishads
  3. The Aranyakas
  4. The Brahmanas
  5. The Puranas

(REMEMBER; Answer: A; page 28)

 

  1. Brahman is the __________.
  2. protector
  3. destroyer
  4. creator
  5. representation of humanity

(REMEMBER; Answer:  C; page 28)

 

  1. Shiva is the __________.
  2. protector
  3. destroyer
  4. creator
  5. representation of humanity

(REMEMBER; Answer: B page 29)

 

  1. Which of the following animals are believed to be the reincarnated ancestors of Karni Mata?
  2. Birds
  3. Monkeys
  4. Fish
  5. Rats

(REMEMBER; Answer: D; page 32)

 

  1. The highest caste of the caste system is __________.
  2. Brahmin
  3. Vaisya
  4. Ksatriya
  5. Sudra

(REMEMBER; Answer: A; page 32)

 

  1. “Jati” refers to __________.
  2. a ritual practice
  3. food offered to a god
  4. a ceremonial bath
  5. a subcaste within the caste system

(REMEMBER; Answer: D; page 33)

 

  1. The enlightened self is called __________.
  2. Atman
  3. Agni
  4. Parvati
  5. Purusha

(REMEMBER; Answer: A; page 33)

 

True/False

 

  1. The Vedas contain coded astronomical data.

(UNDERSTAND; Answer: True; page 28)

 

  1. Sanatana dharma refers to the practice of ritual bathing.

(REMEMBER; Answer:  False; page 26)

 

  1. Dharma has the same exact meaning as the English word “religion.”

(REMEMBER; Answer: False; page 26)

 

  1. The Rig-veda is the oldest of Hindu scripture.

(REMEMBER; Answer: True; page 28)

 

  1. The ultimate goal for Hindus is to be reincarnated as a priest.

(UNDERSTAND; Answer: False; page 34)

 

  1. Vishnu often comes to the earth to save mankind.

(REMEMBER; Answer: True; page 30)

 

  1. Though Brahma is credited with creation, Hindus generally give more attention to Vishnu and Shiva in daily practice.

(UNDERSTAND; Answer: True; page 30-31)

 

  1. Shakti translates to mean “power.”

(REMEMBER; Answer: True; page 31)

 

  1. Hindu gods do not manifest themselves in everyday things such as rivers and animals.

(UNDERSTAND; Answer: False; page 32)

 

  1. The caste system has remained completely unchanged for at least a thousand years.

(UNDERSTAND; Answer: False; page 33)

 

Fill in the Blank

 

  1. When Hindus want to show reverence to a god, they perform ________ or a ceremony often performed in a temple.

(UNDERSTAND; Answer: puja; page 26)

 

  1. Oral traditions, passed down from one person to another, are called ________.

(REMEMBER; Answer:  smrti; page 28)

 

  1. ________ are the “Biblical Stories” of sanatana dharma.

(REMEMBER; Answer:  Puranas; page 28)

 

  1. Brahman includes both ________ and ________.

REMEMBER; Answer:  matter, creative force; page 28)

 

  1. The experience of oneness with all of creation is called ________.

(REMEMBER; Answer: moksha; page 33)

 

Matching

 

  1. Illusion A.  The enlightened self

 

  1. Karma B.  Maya

 

  1. Reincarnation C.  Rebirth into a new body

 

  1. Moksha D.  Action

 

  1. Atman E.  Experience unity with creation

 

Correct answers:

1—B

2—D

3—C

4—E

5—A

(REMEMBER)

 

Short Answer

 

  1. Explain the paradox involved in Maya being a part of Brahma.

(UNDERSTAND)

 

  1. Briefly explain the relationship between the body parts of Purusha and the responsibilities assigned to the major castes of the caste system.

(UNDERSTAND)

 

  1. How might an adherent explain the caste system in terms of karma?

(UNDERSTAND)

 

  1. Why might understanding karma and atman be difficult for someone raised to worry about the future?

(APPLY)

 

  1. Name the major castes and briefly describe their duties.

(UNDERSTAND)

 

Essay

 

  1. How are the caste systems in Hinduism similar to, and different from, classes in the United States?

(APPLY)

 

  1. Why is “the virtuous path of life” a good way to think about the word “dharma”?

(ANALYZE)

 

  1. How can Brahma be both dharma and maya at the same time?

(ANALYZE)

 

  1. What is the relationship between the following key terms: karma, reincarnation, samsara, and moksha?

(ANALYZE)

 

  1. How do the four Great Sayings help adherents live their daily lives?

(APPLY)

Chapter 7: East Asian Sacred Ways: The Eternal Dao

 

The questions in this test bank have been updated and revised to reflect changes in THINK World Religions, 2nd edition. There is also a new system for identifying the difficulty of the questions. In this revision, the questions are now tagged according to the four levels of learning that help organize the text. Think of these four levels as moving from lower-level to higher-level cognitive reasoning. The four levels are:

 

REMEMBER: a question involving recall of key terms or factual material

UNDERSTAND: a question testing comprehension of more complex ideas

APPLY: a question applying sociological knowledge to some new situation

ANALYZE: a question requiring identifying elements of an argument and their interrelationship

 

The 45 questions in this chapter’s test bank are divided into six types of questions. As the table below shows, more than half of these questions are “Remember” questions and most questions fall into that lowest level of cognitive reasoning Multiple Choice, True/False, Fill in the Blank, and Matching questions focus on the more basic skills (the majority are “Remember” questions and the remainder are “Understand” questions). Short Answer questions are more diverse in the skills tested (from “Remember” to “Apply”). Finally, Essay questions are the most demanding because they include the highest levels of cognitive reasoning (from “Apply” to “Analyze”).

 

Types of Questions

Easy to Difficult Level of Difficulty

  Multiple Choice True/False Fill in the Blank Matching Short Answer Essay Total Questions
Remember 15 3 5 5 2 0 30
Understand 0 7 0 0 2 0 9
Apply 0 0 0 0 1 2 3
Analyze 0 0 0 0 0 3 3
Totals 15 10 5 5 5 5 45

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

  1. Dao is __________.
  2. the way of nature
  3. respect for ancestors
  4. loyalty
  5. action without effort

(REMEMBER; Answer: A; page 87)_

 

  1. The virtue which results from being in harmony with nature is known as __________.
  2. Dao
  3. Li
  4. Shen
  5. De

(REMEMBER; Answer: D; page 92)

 

  1. Yin is __________.
  2. active energy
  3. passive energy
  4. loyalty
  5. rituals and rites

(REMEMBER; Answer: B; page 88)

 

  1. A visual representation of the combination of yin and yang is a __________.
  2. trigram
  3. bigram
  4. shen
  5. qi

(REMEMBER; Answer:  A; page 88)

 

  1. The active energy is known as __________.
  2. yin
  3. qi
  4. wu wei
  5. yang

(REMEMBER; Answer: D; page 88)

 

  1. Qi is __________.
  2. virtue resulting from harmony with the Dao
  3. loyalty
  4. matter and energy coming from Dao
  5. love of nature

(REMEMBER; Answer: C; page 87)

 

  1. Zhong is an important part of the development of a person.  It is __________.
  2. love
  3. harmony
  4. loyalty
  5. rituals and rites

(REMEMBER; Answer: C; page 94)

 

  1. The practice of looking to the structure of the cosmos to understand one’s place in the world is __________.
  2. qi
  3. Yijing
  4. analects
  5. divination

(REMEMBER; Answer: D; page 88)

 

  1. Shu is __________.
  2. empathy
  3. loyalty
  4. ancestors
  5. the belief that people are fundamentally selfish

(REMEMBER; Answer: B; page 94)

 

  1. Rituals and rites are __________.
  2. qi
  3. shen
  4. li
  5. Dao

(REMEMBER; Answer: C; page 94)

 

  1. The spirits of ancestors are known as __________.
  2. li
  3. shen
  4. de
  5. sages

(REMEMBER; Answer: B; page 91)

 

  1. 12. The idea that we can accomplish much without effort is captured by the term
  2. tai chi
  3. yin/yang
  4. wu wei
  5. shen

(REMEMBER; Answer: C; page 98)

 

  1. The lowest position on the moral heirarchy of Confucianism is the __________.
  2. Man of Humanity
  3. Superior Person
  4. Petty Person
  5. Sage

(REMEMBER; Answer: C; page 97)

 

  1. Legalism refers to the __________.
  2. assumption that all humans need government because they are selfish
  3. assumption that government is unnecessary
  4. assumption that every human has a role to play in the cosmos
  5. belief that people are fundamentally good

(REMEMBER; Answer: A; page 96)

 

  1. A basic trait of the “superior person” is an effort to __________.
  2. punish the petty person
  3. seek personal profit at the expense of virtue
  4. rise above the petty person and seek the Way
  5. gain political power and respect from others

(REMEMBER; Answer: C; page 97)

 

True/False

 

  1. People in East Asian traditions do not practice multiple traditions at the same time.

(UNDERSTAND; Answer: False; page 86)

 

  1. East Asian religions have a variety of responses to the question, “Is there a god?”

(UNDERSTAND; Answer: True; page 86)

 

  1. Daoists believe nature is fundamentally out of harmony and it is up to humans to set it right.

(UNDERSTAND; Answer: False; pages 86-87)

 

  1. In the Daoist tradition, there are no scriptures.

(UNDERSTAND; Answer:  False; page 88)

 

  1. The yin/yang symbol represents the union of opposites.

(REMEMBER; Answer:  True; page 88)

 

  1. People who practice tai chi are attempting to practice movements they see in the natural world around them.

(UNDERSTAND; Answer: True; page 86)

 

  1. The Yijing was written in the mid–19th century by a brilliant sage.

(REMEMBER; Answer: False; page 88)

 

  1. Using the trigrams, there are a possible 27 different combinations of yin and yang.

(UNDERSTAND; Answer: False; page 88)

 

  1. The real name of the man known in the west as “Confucius” is “K’ung-fu-tzu.”

(REMEMBER; Answer: True; page 90)

 

  1. Buddhism did not change as a result of its relationship to Daoism and Confucianism in the East.

(UNDERSTAND; Answer:  False; pages 93-94)

 

Fill in the Blank

 

  1. Pure land Buddhists take refuge in ________, who made a pure land for those who rely on him.

(REMEMBER; Answer: Amitabha; page 93)

 

  1. ________ Buddhists are known for chanting the Lotus Sutra: namu Myoho renge kyo.

(REMEMBER; Answer: Nichiren; page 93)

 

  1. Unlike Nichiren and Pure Land Buddhism ________ or ________ (in Japanese) Buddhism rejects the idea that there are any gods.

(REMEMBER; Answer: Chan, Zen; page 93)

 

  1. The concept of ________ or action without effort, is a major part of many martial arts.

(REMEMBER; Answer: wu wei; page 98)

 

  1. The belief that Daoism and Confucianism are naïve and that humans are essentially selfish, is called ________.

(REMEMBER; Answer: legalism; page 98)

 

Matching

 

  1. Dao A. Matter and energy

 

  1. Qi B. Rituals and Rites

 

  1. Li  C. A cultivated gentleman

 

  1. Sage D. Ancestors

 

  1. Shen E.  The Way

 

Correct answers:

1—E

2—A

3—B

4—C

5—D

(REMEMBER)

 

Short Answer

 

  1. How are dao and qi related to one another?

(UNDERSTAND)

 

  1. What are the basic stages of moral development for Confucianism?

(REMEMBER)

 

  1. Who was Amitabha?

(REMEMBER)

 

  1. How is Zen Buddhism different from Nichiren Buddism?

(UNDERSTAND)

 

  1. Describe the Confucian sage in your own words.

(APPLY)

 

Essay

 

  1. How did Buddhism change in the East as a result of mingling with Daoism and Confucianism?

(ANALYZE)

 

  1. How are yin and yang related to one another?

(ANALYZE)

 

  1. What is the dao, and why is it so difficult to explain?

(ANALYZE)

  1. Give some concrete examples of how someone would practice living life in harmony with the dao.

(APPLY)

 

  1. What is wu wei?  Give examples to illustrate this concept.

(APPLY)