ZOOLOGY 9TH EDITION BY MILLER – TEST BANK

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ZOOLOGY 9TH EDITION BY MILLER – TEST BANK

Chapter 06
Ecology: Preserving the Animal Kingdom
Multiple Choice Questions
1. An animal’s __________ includes all of the biotic and abiotic characteristics of the area in
which the animal lives.
A. habitat
B. tolerance range
C. territory
D. optimum range
E. geography
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
2. When an abiotic factor is out of the range of tolerance for an animal, it becomes a/an
A. acclimation factor.
B. limiting factor.
C. activity repressor.
D. niche suppressor.
E. existence criterion.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Chapter 06 – Ecology: Preserving the Animal Kingdom
3. On a survivorship curve, the Y-axis records
A. numbers of survivors.
B. inherent mortality.
C. population growth.
D. life-style.
E. proportion of survivors.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
Blooms Level: 03. Apply
4. 97% of all living matter on earth is composed of 4 elements. Which of the following is not
one of those elements?
A. nitrogen
B. carbon
C. chlorine
D. oxygen
E. hydrogen
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
5. If organisms are placed in an environment with unlimited resources, that population of
organisms will probably experience
A. exponential growth.
B. arithmetic growth.
C. a sudden decrease.
D. a slow decrease.
E. a stabilizing of the population
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
Blooms Level: 03. Apply
Chapter 06 – Ecology: Preserving the Animal Kingdom
6. Individuals in type II populations
A. experience high juvenile mortality.
B. have a constant probability of death throughout their lives.
C. experience low juvenile mortality.
D. experience high old age mortality.
E. are immortal.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
Blooms Level: 03. Apply
7. The capacity of a population to increase maximally is called its __________ rate of
growth.
A. extrinsic
B. logistic
C. independent
D. intrinsic
E. dependent
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
Blooms Level: 03. Apply
8. The population size that a particular environment can support is called
A. biotic potential.
B. environmental capability.
C. J-selective.
D. C-selective.
E. carrying capacity.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Chapter 06 – Ecology: Preserving the Animal Kingdom
9. The constraints placed on a population by various environmental factors is known as
A. environmental resistance.
B. reverse growth.
C. population enhancement.
D. interspecific competition.
E. niche selection.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
10. Environmental factors such as severe weather or deforestation which limit the growth of
populations are said to be
A. regulative factors.
B. density independent factors.
C. density dependent factors.
D. r-selective factors.
E. inherent factors.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
11. Because they must ingest other organisms to supply their energy needs animals are
categorized as
A. heterotrophs.
B. autotrophs.
C. producers.
D. commensals.
E. mutualists.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Chapter 06 – Ecology: Preserving the Animal Kingdom
12. The environmental conditions under which an animal is most successful are called the
A. tolerance range.
B. limit of success.
C. basal metabolic rate.
D. range of optimum.
E. limiting factor.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
13. Organisms that carry on photosynthesis or other carbon-fixing activities are called
A. autotrophs.
B. heterotrophs.
C. frugivores.
D. trophophores.
E. herbivores.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
14. In aquatic environments, carbon can be tied up in the environment as this compound
present in the shells of molluscs and skeletons of echinoderms.
A. carbonic acid
B. calcium carbonate
C. carbon dioxide
D. carbon monoxide
E. methane
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
Chapter 06 – Ecology: Preserving the Animal Kingdom
15. An accounting of the total energy intake and use by an animal is called the __________ of
the animal.
A. productive energy rate
B. energy budget
C. standard metabolism
D. basal metabolism
E. catabolic rate
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
16. When considering energy budgets, standard metabolic rates must be calculated for which
type of animals?
A. reptiles
B. birds
C. mammals
D. marsupials
E. ratites
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
17. Populations of __________ often have type II survivorship curves.
A. rodents and birds
B. humans
C. fishes and insects
D. elephants
E. robins and fishes
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Chapter 06 – Ecology: Preserving the Animal Kingdom
18. Animals that are brightly colored to warn away potential predators are said to have
A. camouflage coloration.
B. countershaded coloration.
C. aposematic coloration.
D. aestival coloration.
E. ecotonal coloration.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
19. In many cases, predator and prey organisms evolve together and exert a strong selective
influence on each other. This is known as
A. transspecific evolution.
B. intraspecific evolution.
C. density independent evolution.
D. coevolution.
E. interevolution.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
20. In a parasitic relationship, the __________ host is the host that harbors the sexual stage of
the parasite.
A. definitive
B. intermediate
C. secondary
D. commensal
E. phoretic
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
Chapter 06 – Ecology: Preserving the Animal Kingdom
21. A symbiotic relationship in which one organism lives on or in another organism and
derives nourishment from that organism (and harms the host) is called
A. mutualism.
B. parasitism.
C. commensalism.
D. predation.
E. herbivory.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
22. A symbiotic relationship in which one member derives a benefit from the association and
the second member is unaffected is called
A. mutualism.
B. parasitism.
C. commensalism.
D. predation.
E. herbivory.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
23. A period of decreased metabolism and lowered body temperature that may occur daily in
some bats, hummingbirds, and small mammals is called
A. aestivation.
B. hibernation.
C. winter sleep.
D. migration.
E. torpor.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
Chapter 06 – Ecology: Preserving the Animal Kingdom
24. All populations living in an area make up a/an
A. community.
B. ecosystem.
C. habitat.
D. niche.
E. species.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
25. The dominant members of a community often change the community in predictable ways
in a process called
A. spatial structuring.
B. temporal structuring.
C. dispersal.
D. succession.
E. domineering.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
26. Each successional stage is called a/an __________ stage.
A. temporal
B. niche
C. dispersal
D. spatial
E. seral
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
Chapter 06 – Ecology: Preserving the Animal Kingdom
27. The final community in a succession is called the __________ community.
A. climax
B. primary
C. secondary
D. seral
E. Dominant
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
28. An interconnected system of food chains is called a/n
A. food pyramid.
B. multiple trophic system.
C. layered system.
D. food web.
E. ecosystem.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
29. The sequence of organisms through which energy moves is a
A. food pyramid.
B. linked chain.
C. climax community.
D. diet.
E. food chain.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
Chapter 06 – Ecology: Preserving the Animal Kingdom
30. On average, about __________% of the food consumed at one trophic level is converted
into new biomass at the next trophic level.
A. 5
B. 10
C. 20
D. 40
E. 60
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
Blooms Level: 03. Apply
31. Any element that is essential for life is a/an
A. sediment.
B. biomass.
C. nutrient.
D. life component.
E. necessity.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
32. The non-living reservoir, or initial source, for elements such as sulfur, phosphorus, and
calcium is
A. air.
B. bones.
C. water.
D. the earth.
E. bodies of dead organisms.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Chapter 06 – Ecology: Preserving the Animal Kingdom
33. Cycles involving the elements sulfur, phosphorus, and calcium are called __________
cycles.
A. hydrologic
B. aquatic
C. geomorphic
D. gaseous
E. sedimentar
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
34. Matter moves through ecosystems in
A. biogeochemical cycles.
B. living systems only.
C. flows that eventually end in a sump.
D. sediments.
E. streams.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
35. The accumulation of excessive carbon compounds in the atmosphere results in ________.
A. lower temperatures
B. acid rain
C. rapid plant growth
D. greenhouse effects
E. lower pollution levels
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
Chapter 06 – Ecology: Preserving the Animal Kingdom
36. The __________ are among the most highly productive ecosystems in the world.
A. savannahs.
B. coral reefs.
C. freshwater lakes.
D. prairies.
E. abyssal oceanic environments.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
37. Currently the human population of the earth is about __________ people.
A. 6 billion
B. 500 million
C. 10.8 billion
D. 100 billion
E. 250 million
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Chapter 07 – Animal Classification, Phylogeny, and Organization
Chapter 07
Animal Classification, Phylogeny, and Organization
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The study of the kinds of organisms and the evolutionary relationships among them is
A. nomenclature.
B. systematics.
C. biogeography.
D. phylogenetics.
E. zoogeography.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
2. The classification system used today began with the work of
A. Charles Darwin.
B. Alfred Russel Wallace.
C. Gregor Mendel.
D. Karl von Linnè.
E. Jean Baptiste Lamarck.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Chapter 07 – Animal Classification, Phylogeny, and Organization
3. Each species has a unique name; __________ is the assignment of these names.
A. introduction
B. speciation
C. phenetics
D. phylogeny
E. nomenclature
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
4. Which of the following is the correct sequence (from broad to specific) of the major
taxonomic categories?
A. domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
B. domain, species, genus, family, order, class, phylum, kingdom
C. phylum, class, kingdom, domain, order, species, family, genus
D. kingdom, order, class, phylum, family, genus, species
E. genus, species, domain, phylum, class, order, family, kingdom
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
5. The term __________ refers to any group of organisms that share a common set of
characteristics and bear a formal scientific name.
A. phylum
B. binomen
C. nomenclature
D. species
E. taxon
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Chapter 07 – Animal Classification, Phylogeny, and Organization
6. The standard for naming animals is
A. Linnaeus’ Systema Naturae.
B. Aristotle’s Scala Naturae.
C. the Linnaean System of Binomial Nomenclature.
D. the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature.
E. Darwin’s On the Origin of Species.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
7. To designate a species correctly, the binomen includes the __________ names.
A. phylum and class
B. genus and species
C. family and order
D. class and order
E. family and genus
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
8. Which of the following is correctly written?
A. Panthera Tigris
B. PANTHERA TIGRIS
C. panthera Tigris
D. panthera tigris
E. Panthera tigris
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
Chapter 07 – Animal Classification, Phylogeny, and Organization
9. A taxon composed of members that do not share a single recent common ancestor is said to
be
A. phylogenetic.
B. polyphyletic.
C. monophyletic.
D. unigenic.
E. synaptomorphic.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
10. The older taxonomic term of kingdom __________ includes all bacteria and
cyanobacteria.
A. Animalia
B. Fungi
C. Protista
D. Plantae
E. Monera
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
11. Many microbiologists recently reclassified organisms into three
A. kingdoms.
B. phyla.
C. classes.
D. domains.
E. tribes.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Chapter 07 – Animal Classification, Phylogeny, and Organization
12. Eukaryotic organisms consisting of only single cells would be classified into kingdom
A. Plantae.
B. Fungi.
C. Animalia.
D. Monera.
E. Protista.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
13. Eukaryotic, multicellular, autotrophic organisms are classified in kingdom
A. Plantae.
B. Fungi.
C. Animalia.
D. Monera.
E. Eubacteria.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
14. Members of kingdom __________ are eukaryotic, multicellular, and feed by extracellular
digestion and absorption.
A. Plantae
B. Fungi
C. Animalia
D. Monera
E. Protista
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Chapter 07 – Animal Classification, Phylogeny, and Organization
15. What kinds of characters are typically used in distinguishing protostomes from
deuterostomes?
A. feeding characters
B. adult characters
C. eukaryotic characters
D. developmental characters
E. mitotic characters
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
16. Members of kingdom Animalia may be distinguished from kingdom Plantae because
A. animals are typically nonmotile.
B. animal cells lack cell walls.
C. plants are typically heterotrophic.
D. animals are usually autotrophic.
E. plants are prokaryotic.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
17. This more traditional approach to systematic relies on the assumption that closely related
organisms appear more similar than do distantly related organisms.
A. cladistics
B. paraphyletic grouping
C. phylogenetic systematics
D. evolutionary systematics
E. statistical systematic
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Chapter 07 – Animal Classification, Phylogeny, and Organization
18. Similar characteristics between animals that are the result of common ancestry are called
A. analogies.
B. clades.
C. homologies.
D. phylogenies.
E. hierarchies.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
19. The domain that is unique for having compartmentalized cells is the
A. Monera.
B. Archaea.
C. Eukarya.
D. Eubacteria.
E. Extremophilia.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
20. Which of the following types of animals sometimes displays asymmetrical body patterns?
A. flatworms
B. insects
C. sponges
D. nematodes
E. echinoderms
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Chapter 07 – Animal Classification, Phylogeny, and Organization
21. __________ describes how the parts of an organism are arranged around a point or an
axis.
A. Homology
B. Analogy
C. Cladistics
D. Symmetry
E. Asymmetry
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
22. __________ symmetry is the arrangement of body parts in such a way that any plane
passing through the oral-aboral axis divides the body into mirror images.
A. Cylindrical
B. Homologous
C. Bilateral
D. Spherical
E. Radial
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
23. Radially symmetrical organisms typically lack a head; the points of reference used are:
A. oral and aboral.
B. dorsal and ventral.
C. anterior and posterior.
D. proximal and distal.
E. top and bottom.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
Chapter 07 – Animal Classification, Phylogeny, and Organization
24. The absence of a central point or axis around which an animal’s body parts are equally
distributed is called
A. biradial symmetry.
B. asymmetry.
C. radial symmetry.
D. pentaradial symmetry.
E. spherical symmetry.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
25. The “belly” (usually lower) surface of most bilaterally symmetrical animals is
A. anterior.
B. posterior.
C. ventral.
D. dorsal.
E. lateral.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
26. The back (usually upper) surface of a bilateral animal is
A. anterior.
B. posterior.
C. ventral.
D. dorsal.
E. lateral.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
Chapter 07 – Animal Classification, Phylogeny, and Organization
27. Formation of a distinct head is called
A. ventralization.
B. anteriorization.
C. lateralization.
D. dorsalization.
E. cephalization.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
28. A head defines what point of reference?
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. dorsal
D. ventral
E. lateral
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
29. Organisms in this phyla do not exhibit bilateral symmetry.
A. Cnidaria
B. Annelida
C. Mollusca
D. Arthropoda
E. Nematoda
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
Chapter 07 – Animal Classification, Phylogeny, and Organization
30. Organisms with the simplest tissue level of organization are
A. triploblastic.
B. holoblastic.
C. meroblastic.
D. diploblastic.
E. discoblastic.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
31. In diploblastic organisms, the two tissue layers are
A. mesoderm and endoderm.
B. mesoderm and mesoglea.
C. ectoderm and mesoderm.
D. mesoglea and blastoderm.
E. ectoderm and endoderm.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
32. The middle embryological layer in triploblastic animals is
A. mesoderm.
B. mesoglea.
C. gastroderm.
D. epiderm.
E. endoderm.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
Chapter 07 – Animal Classification, Phylogeny, and Organization
33. The __________ is the thin mesodermal lining of the body cavity in triploblastic animals.
A. peritoneum
B. blastoderm
C. epidermis
D. gastrodermis
E. mesoglea
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
34. Portions of the peritoneum and serosa that are continuous and suspend visceral structures
in the body cavity are called
A. epithelia.
B. mesenteries.
C. ectoderms.
D. endoderms.
E. peritoneal serosae.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand
35. Triploblastic organisms that possess a body cavity that is not entirely lined with mesoderm
are called
A. pseudocoelomate.
B. acoelomate.
C. hemocoelomate.
D. eucoelomate.
E. coelomate.
Blooms Level: 01. Remember
Blooms Level: 02. Understand